Embiotocidae


Embiotocidae

Taxobox
name = Surfperches


image_width = 240px
image_caption = Striped seaperch, "Embiotoca lateralis"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Actinopterygii
ordo = Perciformes
familia = Embiotocidae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Amphistichus" "Brachyistius" "Cymatogaster" "Ditrema" "Embiotoca" "Hyperprosopon" "Hypsurus" "Hysterocarpus" "Micrometrus" "Neoditrema" "Phanerodon" "Rhacochilus" "Zalembius" See text for species.
The surfperches are a family, Embiotocidae, of perciform fishes. They are found in coastal waters of the northern Pacific and grow up to 45 cm (17.7 inches) long.

They are viviparous fishes, in which the embryo is nourished directly by the mother as well as the yolk. This gives the family its scientific name, from Greek "embios" meaning "persistent" and "tokos" meaning "birth".

pecies

There are 22 species in 13 genera:
* Genus "Amphistichus"
** Barred surfperch, "Amphistichus argenteus" (Gibbons, 1854).
** Calico surfperch, "Amphistichus koelzi" (Hubbs, 1933).
** Redtail surfperch, "Amphistichus rhodoterus" (Agassiz, 1854).
* Genus "Brachyistius"
** "Brachyistius aletes" (Tarp, 1952).
** Kelp perch, "Brachyistius frenatus" Gill, 1862.
* Genus "Cymatogaster"
** Shiner perch, "Cymatogaster aggregata" Gibbons, 1854.
* Genus "Ditrema"
** "Ditrema temminckii" Bleeker, 1853.
** "Ditrema viride" Oshima, 1955.
* Genus "Embiotoca"
** Black perch, "Embiotoca jacksoni" Agassiz, 1853.
** Striped seaperch, "Embiotoca lateralis" Agassiz, 1854.
* Genus "Hyperprosopon"
** Spotfin surfperch, "Hyperprosopon anale" Agassiz, 1861.
** Walleye surfperch, "Hyperprosopon argenteum" Gibbons, 1854.
** Silver surfperch, "Hyperprosopon ellipticum" (Gibbons, 1854).
* Genus "Hypsurus"
** Rainbow seaperch, "Hypsurus caryi" (Agassiz, 1853).
* Genus "Hysterocarpus"
** Tule perch, "Hysterocarpus traskii" Gibbons, 1854.
* Genus "Micrometrus"
** Reef perch, "Micrometrus aurora" (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880).
** Dwarf perch, "Micrometrus minimus" (Gibbons, 1854).
* Genus "Neoditrema"
** "Neoditrema ransonnetii" Steindachner, 1883.
* Genus "Phanerodon"
** Sharpnose seaperch, "Phanerodon atripes" (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880).
** White seaperch, "Phanerodon furcatus" Girard, 1854.
* Genus "Rhacochilus"
** Rubberlip seaperch, "Rhacochilus toxotes" Agassiz, 1854.
** Pile perch, "Rhacochilus vacca" (Girard, 1855).
* Genus "Zalembius"
** Pink seaperch, "Zalembius rosaceus" (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880).

References

*


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  • embiotocidae — em·bi·o·toc·i·dae …   English syllables

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