1817


1817

Year 1817 (MDCCCXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1817

January - March


* January 19 - An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, starts crossing the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
* February 12 - Battle of Chacabuco: The Argentine/Chilean patriotic army defeats the Spanish.
* March 3
**The Alabama Territory is created by splitting the Mississippi Territory in half, 9 months before Mississippi becomes a U.S. state.
**President James Madison vetoes John C. Calhoun's Bonus Bill.
* March 4 - James Monroe succeeds James Madison as President of the United States of America.

April - June


* April - An earthquake strikes Palermo, Italy.
* April 3 - Princess Caraboo appears in Almondsbury in Gloucestershire, England.
* April 15 - The first American school for the deaf opens in Hartford, Connecticut.
* April 17 - Martin Van Buren passes the Erie Canal bill.
* April 28 - The Rush-Bagot Treaty is signed.
* May - The General Convention of the Episcopal Church founds the General Theological Seminary while meeting in New York City.
* June 25 - A large riot breaks out in Copenhagen Prison; the army is sent to quell it.

[
March 3: Alabama Territory new. Dec. 10: Mississippi statehood.]

July - September


* July 4 - At Rome, New York, construction on the Erie Canal begins.
* August 22 - The city of Araraquara, Brazil is founded.
* August 23 - An earthquake near the site of the ancient Greek city of Helike results in 65 deaths.

October - December


* October 31 - Emperor Ninkō accedes to the throne of Japan.
* November 20 - The first Seminole War begins in Florida.
* November 22 - Fredric Cailliaud discovers the old Roman emerald mines at Sikait, Egypt.
* December 10 - Mississippi is admitted as the 20th U.S. state, separated from the Alabama Territory.

Undated

* Elgin Marbles are displayed in the British Museum.
* John Kidd extracts naphthalene from coal tar.
* Samuel Taylor Coleridge publishes "Biographia Literaria".
* A typhus epidemic occurs in Edinburgh and Glasgow.
* The Pernambucan Revolt breaks out in Brazil.

Births

January - June


* January 6 - J. J. McCarthy, Irish architect (d. 1882)
* January 8 - Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (d. 1893)
* February 19 - King William III of the Netherlands (d. 1890)
* February 22 - Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician (d. 1880)
* March 6 - Clémentine of Orléans, daughter of King Louis-Philippe of France and mother of Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (d. 1907)
* March 22 - Braxton Bragg, American Confederate general (d. 1876)
* April 15 - Benjamin Jowett, Master of Balliol College (d. 1893)
* May 15 - Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (d. 1905)
* June 30 - Joseph Dalton Hooker, English botanist (d. 1911)

July - December


* July 12 - Henry David Thoreau, American philosopher (d. 1862)
* July 24 - Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1905)
* August 3 - Archduke Albert, Austrian general (d. 1895)
* August 14 - Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (d. 1874)
* August 24 - Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1875)
* October 17 - Sir Syed Ahmad Khan (Bahadaur) Founder of the Two Nation Theory for a future Pakistan (d. 1898)
* November 3 - Leonard Jerome, American entrepreneur and grandfather of Sir Winston Churchill (d. 1891)
* November 12 - Bahá'u'lláh, Persian founder of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1892)
* November 17 - Benjamin Champney, American painter (d. 1907)
* November 30 - Theodor Mommsen, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1903)

: "See also ."

Deaths

January - June


* January 12 - Juan Andres, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1740)
* January 16 - Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier (b. 1759)
* April 4 - André Masséna, French marshal (b. 1758)
* April 12 - Charles Messier, French astronomer (b. 1730)
* June 24 - Thomas McKean, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1734)

July - December


* July 14 - Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, French writer (b. 1766)
* July 18 - Jane Austen, English novelist (b. 1775)
* July 19 - John Palmer, Bath architect (b. c. 1738)
* October 16 - Manuel Piar, Venezuelan military leader (b. 1774)
* November 14 - Policarpa Salavarrieta, Colombian spy and revolutionary who worked for the Independence of Colombia (b. 1795)
* November 30 - Jean-Baptiste-Melchior Hertel de Rouville, Canadian politician (b. 1748)
* 12 December - Emperor Tekle Giyorgis I of Ethiopia, (b. c. 1751)
* Usman dan Fodio, founder of Sokoto caliphate, (b. 1754): "See also ."


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  • 1817 en litterature — 1817 en littérature Années : 1814 1815 1816  1817  1818 1819 1820 Décennies : 1780 1790 1800  1810  1820 1830 1840 Siècles : XVIIIe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français


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