Johannes Peter Müller


Johannes Peter Müller

Infobox Scientist
name = PAGENAME
box_width =


image_width =150px
caption = PAGENAME
birth_date = July 14, 1801
birth_place = Koblenz
death_date = April 28, 1858
death_place = Berlin
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = Germany
ethnicity =
field = physiology
work_institutions =
alma_mater = Bonn University
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for =
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Johannes Peter Müller (July 14, 1801 – April 28, 1858), was a German physiologist, comparative anatomist, and ichthyologist not only known for his discoveries but also for his ability to synthesize knowledge.

Life

Müller was born in Koblenz.

In 1819 he entered Bonn University, where he became "Privatdozent" in 1824, extraordinary professor of physiology in 1826, and ordinary professor in 1830. In 1833 he went to the Humboldt University of Berlin, where he filled the chair of anatomy and physiology until his death. Müller made contributions in numerous domains of physiology, in particular increasing understanding of the voice, speech and hearing, as well as the chemical and physical properties of lymph, chyle and blood.

The appearance of his "Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen" between 1833 and 1840 (translated into English by Dr William Baly, and published in London in 1842) marked the beginning of a new period in the study of physiology. In it, for the first time, the results of human and comparative anatomy, as well as of chemistry and other departments of physical science, were brought to bear on the investigation of physiological problems.

The most important portion of the work was that dealing with nervous action and the mechanism of the senses. Here he stated the principle, not before recognized, that the kind of sensation following stimulation of a sensory nerve does not depend on the mode of stimulation but upon the nature of the sense-organ. Thus light, pressure, or mechanical stimulation acting on the retina and optic nerve invariably produces luminous impressions. This he termed the law of specific energies of the sense. In the later part of his life he chiefly devoted himself to comparative anatomy. Fishes and marine invertebrata were his favorite subjects. Müller mentored such distinguished scientists and physiologists as Hermann von Helmholtz, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Theodor Schwann, Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, Carl Ludwig and Ernst Haeckel.

Müller died in Berlin in 1858.

Works

In addition to his "Handbuch der Physiologie", his publications include:
*"Zur vergleichenden Physiologie des Gesichtssinns" (1826)
*"Uber die phantastischen Gesichtserscheinungen" (1826)
*"Bildungsgeschichte der Genitalien" (1830), in which he traced the development of the Müllerian duct
*"De glandularum secerneniium structura" (1830)
*"Vergleichende Anatomie der Myxinoiden" (1834-1843)
*"Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen" (1841) with FGJ Henle
*"System der Asteriden" (1842) with F. H. Troschel
*"Horae ichthyologicae" (1845-1849) with the same.

After the death of J. F. Meckel (1781-1833) he edited the "Archiv fur Anatomie und Physiologie".

References

* [http://vlp.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/people/data?id=per120 Short biography and bibliography] in the Virtual Laboratory of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
* [http://vlp.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/concepts/browse?source=M%C3%BCller Müller's Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen für Vorlesungen] (1837 - 1840) as fullscan from the original


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johannes Peter Müller — Johannes Müller 1801 1858 Johannes Müller 1801 1858 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes Peter Müller — Nacimiento 14 de julio de 1801 Coblenz Fallecimiento 28 de abril de 1858 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Johannes Peter Muller — Johannes Peter Müller Pour les articles homonymes, voir Müller. Johannes Peter Müller (1801 1958) Johannes Peter Müller, né le 14  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johannes Peter Müller — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Müller. Johannes Peter Müller (1801 1958) Johannes Peter Müller, né le 14 juillet 1801 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johannes Peter Muller — noun German physiologist and anatomist (1801 1858) • Syn: ↑Muller • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physiologist, ↑anatomist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Johannes von Müller — (* als Johannes Müller am 3. Januar 1752 in Schaffhausen; † 29. Mai 1809 in Kassel), von Leopold II. am 6. Februar 1791 als Edler von Müller zu Sylvelden in den Adelsstand erhoben, war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes von Müller — (nacido como Johannes Müller en Schaffhausen, el 3 de enero de 1752 Kassel, el 29 de mayo de 1809), elevado a la nobleza el 6 de febrero de 1791 como Edler von Müller zu Sylvelden por el emperador Leopoldo II …   Wikipedia Español

  • Peter Müller — may refer to: Peter Mueller (ice hockey) (born 1988), NHL player for the Colorado Avalanche Peter Mueller (speed skater) (born 1954), former speed skater and speed skating coach from the United States Peter Mueller (Canadian football) (born 1951) …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Muller — Peter Müller Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Les personnes suivantes portent le nom de Peter Müller: Peter Müller: Philosophe allemand Peter Müller: Politicien allemand (CDU), président… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter Müller —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Les personnes suivantes portent le nom de Peter Müller: Peter Müller: Philosophe allemand Peter Müller: Politicien allemand (CDU), président de la Sarre Peter… …   Wikipédia en Français


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.