List of extinct animals of South America


List of extinct animals of South America

This is a list of extinct animals of South America. Animals that became extinct in the Holocene period in South America.

Mammals

* Falkland Island Fox, "Dusicyon australis" (1876, Falkland Islands)
* Caribbean Monk Seal, "Monachus tropicalis" (Bahamas, Colombia, Cuba, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, United States)
* Darwin's Rice Rat, "Nesoryzomys darwini" (1930, Ecuador, Galápagos)
* Indefatigable Galapagos Mouse, "Nesoryzomys indefessus " (1934, Ecuador, Galápagos)
* Chatham Island Rice Rat or San Cristóbal Island Rice Rat, "Oryzomys galapagoensis galapagoensis" (1835, Ecuador, Galápagos)

Birds

* Niceforo Brown Pintail Duck, "Anas georgica niceforoi" (1952, Colombia)
* Darwin's Ground Finch, "Geospiza magnirostris magnirostris" (1957, Galapagos)
* Colombian Grebe, "Podiceps andinus" (1970, Colombia)
* Red-throated Wood-rail, "Aramides gutturalis" (1843, Peru)

Amphibians

* "Phrynomedusa fimbriata" (1920s, Brazil)
* "Atelopus ignescens" (1988, Ecuador)
* "Atelopus longirostris" (1989, Ecuador)
* "Atelopus vogli" (1933, Venezuela)
* Golden Toad, "Bufo periglenes" (1989, Costa Rica)

Fish

* "Rhizosomichthys totae" (Freshwater catfish from Colombia, Lake Tota)
* Orestias cuvieri (Lake Titicaca)

Molluscs

* "Littoridina gaudichaudii " (Freshwater snail from Ecuador)
* "Tomigerus gibberulus" (Terrestrial snail from Brazil)
* "Tomigerus turbinatus" (Terrestrial snail from Brazil)
* "Megalobulimus cardosoi" (Terrestrial snail from Brazil)

Insects

* "Megadytes ducalis " (Freshwater beetle from Brazil)
* "Rhantus orbignyi" (Freshwater beetle from Argentina and Brazil)

Rediscovered

* Caatinga Woodpecker "Celeus obrieni" ("Extinct" in 1926, Rediscovered in 2006, Brazil, Critically Endangered in the IUCN redlist 2007)
* Kinglet Calyptura, "Calyptura cristata" ("Extinct" in 1960, Rediscovered in 1996, Brazil Critically Endangered)
* Fuertes's Parrot, "Hapalopsittaca fuertesi" ("Extinct" in 1911, Rediscovered in 2003, Colombia, Critically Endangered)
* Fernandina Rice Rat, "Nesoryzomys fernandinae" ("Extinct" in 1980, Rediscovered during surveys in 1995 and 1997, Ecuador, Galapagos, Vulnerable)
* Rancho Grande Harlequin Frog, "Atelopus cruciger" ("Extinct" in 1982, Rediscovered in 2003, Venezuela)
* Gracilidris, a genus of dolichoderine ant thought to have gone extinct 15-20 million years ago was found in Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina and described in 2006.

Extinct in the Wild

* "Aylacostoma chloroticum" (Freshwater snail from Argentina and Paraguay)
* "Aylacostoma guaraniticum" (Freshwater snail from Argentina and Paraguay)
* "Aylacostoma stigmaticum" (Freshwater snail from Argentina and Paraguay)
* Alagoas Curassow, "Crax mitu" (Bird from Brazil)
* Spix's Macaw, "Cyanopsitta spixii" (Bird from Brazil)
* Abingdon Island Tortoise, "Geochelone nigra abingdoni" (Ecuador, Galápagos)

References

* BirdLife International (2005) Species factsheet: Calyptura cristata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/3/2006
* IUCN 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. . Downloaded on 24 March 2006.
* Maas, P.H.J. 2005. Rediscovered Animals. The Extinction Website. Downloaded from http://extinct.petermaas.nl on 25/3/2006

See also

* List of extinct animals
* List of extinct animals of Asia
* List of extinct animals of Africa
* List of extinct animals of Europe
* Extinct birds

External links

* [http://extinct.petermaas.nl The Extinction Website]
* [http://www.iucnredlist.org IUCN Red List of Threatened Species]


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