Gniew


Gniew
Gniew
Town view

Flag

Coat of arms
Gniew is located in Poland
Gniew
Coordinates: 53°50′0″N 18°50′0″E / 53.833333°N 18.833333°E / 53.833333; 18.833333
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Pomeranian
County Tczew
Gmina Gniew
Established 13th century
Town rights 1297
Government
 - Mayor Maria Gurzyńska
Area
 - Total 6.75 km2 (2.6 sq mi)
Elevation 47 m (154 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 6,759
 - Density 1,001.3/km2 (2,593.4/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 83-140
Area code(s) +48 58
Car plates GTC
Website http://www.gniew.pl

Gniew [ɡɲef] (German: Mewe; Kashubian: Gniéw) is a town situated on the left bank of the Vistula River, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. It is located at around 53°50′0″N 18°50′0″E / 53.833333°N 18.833333°E / 53.833333; 18.833333Coordinates: 53°50′0″N 18°50′0″E / 53.833333°N 18.833333°E / 53.833333; 18.833333.

Contents

History

The first recorded mentions of Gniew appear in written documents from the first half of the 13th century, one of which refers to the region as Terra Gymeu. The earliest name for the settlement was Gmiew, however, during the Middle Ages the name Wońsk was also used. The German name of Mewe for the town is still reflected on the coat of arms of the city, which bears the presence of a seagull (Möwe in German).

Beginning in the 10th century, the region belonged to the Polan tribe and was part of Gdańsk Pomerania. After the division of Poland by Bolesław Krzywousty, Gniew fell to the castellany of Starogard Gdański. The land later fell to the Princes of Świecie and in 1229 Prince Sambor and Swantopolk II of Pomerania granted it to the Cistercian abbey in Oliwa. In the second half of the 13th century, Sambor retook Gniew from the Cistercians and in 1276 bestowed it on the Teutonic Knights. Their claim was formally recognized by Mestwin II of Pomerania in 1282, and the city became the first stronghold of the Teutonic Order on the left riverside of the Vistula. A castle was built as a result of this important strategic location, and in 1297 the Teutonic Knights gave Gniew town privileges.

The city exchanged hands various times between 1410-1466 until it became part of the Polish province of Royal Prussia following the Second Peace of Thorn (1466). In 1626, during the Swedish-Polish War, a battle between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Swedish forces was fought in the area of Gniew, resulting in a victory for the army of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, and only the second historic defeat for the Polish hussars. In the second half of the 17th century, prior to becoming King of Poland, John III Sobieski served as the local district governor (starost) of Gniew and built the Marysienka Palace for his wife, Maria Kazimiera.

Gniew was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the Partitions of Poland and became part of the German Empire in 1871. With the defeat of Imperial Germany in World War I, Gniew became part of the Polish Corridor according to the Treaty of Versailles. This date is celebrated in Gniew till today as liberation from Prussian oppression and end of 148 years of attempts to destroy Polish existence[1]

After the First World War number of ethnic Germans within the town decreased.[2][Full citation needed] During World War II the castle was used by Nazi Germany as a concentration camp for the ethnically cleansed Polish population of Tczew and the surrounding area.

Main Sights

The most notable landmark of the town is the Ordensburg castle built by the Teutonic Order at the turn of the 14th century, as well as Marysienka's Palace, built during the second half of the 17th century. The city also boasts a well preserved medieval old town, with buildings dating from the 15th to 19th century and a Gothic church dating to the 14th century.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Gniew is twinned with:

References

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gniew — Gniew …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gniew — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. gniewwie, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} stan emocjonalny objawiający się podnieceniem, wzburzeniem, złością, wywołany przez nieprzyjemny bodziec zewnętrzny : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Gniew ludzki. Nagły, uzasadniony …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Gniew — Gniew, poln. Name der Stadt Mewe (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • gniew — m IV, D. u, Ms. gniewwie 1. blm «gwałtowna reakcja na jakiś przykry bodziec zewnętrzny wyrażająca się podnieceniem, niezadowoleniem, oburzeniem; złość, wzburzenie, wściekłość, irytacja» Gwałtowny, ślepy, tępy, irracjonalny gniew. Burza, chmura,… …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • Gniew — Original name in latin Gniew Name in other language Gnev, Гнев State code PL Continent/City Europe/Warsaw longitude 53.83602 latitude 18.8231 altitude 35 Population 6759 Date 2010 09 13 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • gniew — Święty gniew zob. święty 2 …   Słownik frazeologiczny

  • Gmina Gniew — Infobox Settlement name = Gmina Gniew other name = Gniew Commune settlement type = Gmina total type = Total image shield = POL Gniew COA.svg subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Ostrowite, Gmina Gniew — For other places with the same name, see Ostrowite (disambiguation). Ostrowite   Village   …   Wikipedia

  • Zamek Gniew - Hotel Rycerski — (Гнев,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: ul. Zamkowa 3, 83 140 Гнев, Поль …   Каталог отелей

  • Zamek Gniew - Pałac Marysieńki — (Гнев,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: Zamkowa 3, 83 140 Гнев, Польша …   Каталог отелей