- Assumption of the Virgin (Correggio)
title=Assumption of the Virgin
artist=Antonio da Correggio
museum=Cathedral of Parma__NOTOC__"The Assumption of the Virgin" (
1526- 1530) is a highly influential fresco by the Italian Late Renaissance artist Antonio da Correggio. It decorates the dome of the Cathedral of Parma, Italyand it is influenced by Melozzo's perspective.
This famous fresco portrays the
Assumption of Maryto Heaven. The contract was signed by Correggioon November 3, 1522.
The dome decoration includes the decoration of the dome base, which represents the four protector saints of
Parma: St. John the Baptistwith the lamb, St. Hilarywith a yellow mantle, St. Thomas [More likely to be Saint Joseph carrying a staff according to David Ekserdjian, in "Correggio in Parma Cathedral: Not Thomas but Joseph", "The Burlington Magazine "(1986); pp. 412+414-415.] by with an angel carrying the martyrdom palm leave, and St. Bernard, the sole figure looking upwards.
Below the feet of Jesus, the uncorrupt Virgin in red and blue robes is lofted upward by a team of angels. Ringing the base of the dome, between the windows stand the perplexed apostles, as if ringing her empty tomb. The innumerable angels (who sing or play several musical instruments) are a vortex upward. In the group of blessed can be seen:
Adam and Eve, Judithwith the head of Holofernes. At the centre of the dome is a foreshortened beardless Jesusdescending to meet his mother.
This fresco (a painting in plaster with water-soluble pigments) would serve as a catalyst for the
Baroquestyle of dramatically illusionistic ceiling painting. The entire architectural surface is treated as a single pictorial unit of vast proportions, equating the dome of the church with the vault of heaven. The realistic way the figures in the clouds seem to protrude into the spectators' space is an audacious and astounding use for the time of foreshortening.
This fresco inspired
Carlo Cignanifor his fresco "Assumption of the Virgin", in the cathedral church of Forlì.
Vision of St. John on Patmos
* [http://www.wga.hu/index1.html Frescoes in Parma by Correggio]
* [http://www.cattedrale.parma.it/page.asp?IDData=15845&IDCategoria=500&IDSezione=2379 Chronology of the Cathedral of Parma (in Italian)]
* [http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/giorgio.vasari/corregg/correg.htm Page with several details of the dome frescoes]
*Carolyn Smith, "Correggio's Frescoes in Parma Cathedral", Princeton University, 1997
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