A barbican (from medieval Latin "barbecana", "outer fortification of a city or castle," a general Romanic word, perhaps from
Arabicor Persiancf. bab-khanah "gate-house" and "towered gateway" [ [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?l=b&p=2 "Barbican" EOL] Other possible roots of the word lie in the Arabic word "barbakh", meaning a canal or channel through which water flows, might have been the source of the loop-hole meaning.] or from the mediaeval English "burgh-kenning" [Etymology suggested by Sir Henry Spelman in the 1640s. He explained the name as a combination of “burgh” meaning tower; and “ken” meaning see or watch (as in the folk song “D’ya ken John Peel”). See also [http://www.barbicanliving.co.uk/h3a.html Where does the name 'Barbican' come from?] ] ) is a fortified outpost or gateway, such as an outer defense to a city or castle, or any tower situated over a gate or bridge which was used for defensive purposes. Usually barbicans were situated outside the main line of defenses and connected to the city walls with a walled road called "the neck".
15th century, with the improvement in siegetactics and artillery, barbicans lost their significance. However, several barbicans were built even in the 16th century.
*London's Barbican Arts Centre
* [http://www.castlewales.com/pembroke.html Pembroke Castle]
* [http://www.cv81pl.freeserve.co.uk/warwick.htm Warwick Castle]
* [http://www.dur.ac.uk/university-college.www/Photos/barbican.jpgDurham Castle]
* [http://www.darrellpeck.com/travel/1998-east-europe/images/018-barbican.jpgBarbican in Warsaw]
* [http://www.chepstowe.co.uk/castle.html Chepstow Castle]
* [http://www.schools.bedfordshire.gov.uk/schools/gilbert/nsmhistory/goodrich2.htm Goodrich Castle]
* [http://www.kingston.ac.uk/~ku00323/landslid/hadleigh.htm Hadleigh Castle]
* [http://www.tancsics-siklos.sulinet.hu/var/kulso/barbakan.htm Siklos Castle barbican]
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Barbican — steht für Barbican (Plymouth), Hafengebiet, Ortslage in Plymouth, England Bahnhof Barbican, eine Station von London Underground Barbican Centre, ein Londoner Kulturzentrum Barbican Estate, Hochhaussiedlung um das Barbican Centre in London… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Barbican — the Barbican also the Barbican Centre a large group of buildings in central London, which includes two theatres, two cinemas, a concert hall, an ↑art gallery, restaurants, and shops ▪ There s a new Royal Shakespeare Company production of A… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Barbican — Bar bi*can, Barbacan Bar ba*can, n. [OE. barbican, barbecan, F. barbacane, LL. barbacana, barbicana, of uncertain origin: cf. Ar. barbakh aqueduct, sewer. F. barbacane also means, an opening to let out water, loophole.] 1. (Fort.) A tower or… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Barbĭcan — Barbĭcan, Vogel, s.u. Bartvogel … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
barbican — ● barbican nom masculin (de barbu et toucan) Oiseau (capitonidé) voisin du pic, au bec denté portant de fortes vibrisses à la base … Encyclopédie Universelle
barbican — outer fortification of a city or castle, mid 13c., from O.Fr. barbacane (12c.), a general Romanic word, perhaps ultimately from Arabic or Persian (Cf. bab khanah gate house ) … Etymology dictionary
barbican — ► NOUN ▪ a double tower above a gate or drawbridge of a castle or fortified city. ORIGIN Old French barbacane … English terms dictionary
barbican — [bär′bi kən] n. [ME < OFr barbacane < ML barbacana, < ?] a defensive tower or similar fortification at a gate or bridge leading into a town or castle … English World dictionary
Barbican — Nom vernaculaire ou nom normalisé ambigu : Le terme « Barbican » s applique en français à plusieurs taxons distincts. Barbican … Wikipédia en Français
barbican — /bahr bi keuhn/, n. 1. an outwork of a fortified place, as a castle. 2. a defensive outpost of any sort. Also, barbacan. [1250 1300; ME barbecan, barbican < OF barbacane or ML barbacana, perh. Pers balahana terrace over a roof, upper floor,… … Universalium