Barnet


Barnet

Coordinates: 51°38′40″N 0°11′59″W / 51.6444°N 0.1997°W / 51.6444; -0.1997

Barnet
Barnet-high-street.jpg
High Street
Barnet is located in Greater London
Barnet

 Barnet shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ245955
    - Charing Cross 10 mi (16 km)  SSE
London borough Barnet
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BARNET
Postcode district EN5
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Chipping Barnet
London Assembly Barnet and Camden
List of places: UK • England • London

High Barnet or Chipping Barnet is a place in the London Borough of Barnet, North London, England. It is a suburban development built around a twelfth-century settlement and is located 10 miles (16 km) north north-west of Charing Cross. Its name is often abbreviated to Barnet, which is also the name of the London borough of which it forms a part. Chipping Barnet is the name of the Parliamentary constituency covering the local area - the word 'Chipping' denotes the presence of a market (one was established here in the thirteenth century and persists to this day).

Contents

History

Chipping Barnet (parish) population
1881 4,283
1891 4,563
1901 2,893
1911 3,954
1921 4,154
1931 6,018
1941 war #
1951 7,062
# no census was held due to war
source: UK census

The town was the site of the Battle of Barnet in 1471 (more accurately, Hadley), where Yorkist troops led by King Edward IV killed the rebellious "Kingmaker" Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Warwick's brother, John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu. Barnet Hill is said to be the hill mentioned in the nursery rhyme "The Grand Old Duke of York".

It is the site of an ancient and well-known horse fair, whence comes the rhyming slang of Barnet Fair or barnet for 'hair'. The fair dates back to 1588 when Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the Lord of the Manor of Barnet to hold a twice yearly fair. Famous Barnet Market is now over 810 years old. On 23 August 1199 King John issued a Charter for a Market at Barnet to the Lord of the Manor, the Abbot of St. Albans, John de Cella.

Chipping Barnet was historically a civil parish of Hertfordshire and formed part of the Barnet Urban District from 1894. The parish was abolished in 1965 and the Chipping Barnet section of its former area was transferred from Hertfordshire to Greater London and the newly-created London Borough of Barnet.[1] In 1801 the parish had a population of 1,258 and covered an area of 1,440 acres (6 km²). By 1901 the parish was reduced to 380 acres (1.5 km²) and had a population of 2,893. In 1951 the population was 7,062.[2]

In Saxon times the site was part of an extensive wood called Southaw, belonging to the Abbey of St Albans. The name of the town appears in early deeds as 'Bergnet' - the Saxon word 'Bergnet'[3] meant a little hill (monticulus). Barnet's elevated position is also indicated in one of its alternative names ('High Barnet'), which appears in many old books and maps, and which the railway company restored. According to local belief, though not verified, "Barnet stands on the highest ground betwixt London and York." The area was historically a common resting point on the traditional Great North Road between the City of London and York and Edinburgh.

At the turn of the 21st century, a tongue-in-cheek movement calling for the name Barnet to be changed to "Barnét" began to gain the attention of the public and the national media, with many public road signs in the area regularly being altered to contain the accented character.[4][5][6] Barnet Council has been treating any such alterations to public road signs as vandalism.

Geography

The tower of Barnet parish church — St John the Baptist — at the top of Barnet Hill claims to be the highest point between itself and the Ural Mountains 2,000 miles (3,200 km) to the east.[7] However, the same has been said of numerous other points. Since the opening of the railway, development has increased considerably, especially in the west of the area near Arkley.

Transport

Barnet Hill is a major hill on the historic Great North Road. In coaching days, 150 stage coaches passed through Barnet daily. The modern Great North Road replacement the A1 avoids the town along Barnet Bypass.

Buses

A Transport for London map of the routes through High Barnet: map.

Daily Bus Routes

Route Number Route Via Operation Operator
34 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet Church to Walthamstow Central National Rail London Underground Whetstone, Brunswick Park, Arnos Grove London Underground, Palmers Green, Edmonton Sliver Street National Rail Daily. London Buses service Arriva London
84 Handicapped/disabled access New Barnet National Rail to St Albans St Peters Street Barnet London Underground, Monken Hadley, Potters Bar National Rail, South Mimms, London Colney Daily. Hertfordshire service. Metroline
107 Handicapped/disabled access New Barnet National Rail to Edgware London Underground Barnet London Underground, Arkley, Borehamwood National Rail, Elstree, Stanmore Daily. London Buses service Metroline
184 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet Chesterfield Road to Turnpike Lane London Underground New Barnet National Rail, East Barnet, Osidge, Arnos Grove London Underground, Bounds Green London Underground, Alexandra Palace National Rail, Wood Green London Underground Daily. London Buses service Arriva London
234 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet The Spires to Highgate Wood Whetstone, Friern Barnet, Muswell Hill, East Finchley London Underground Daily. London Buses service Metroline
263 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet Hospital to Holloway Nags Head Whetstone, North Finchley, East Finchley London Underground, Highgate London Underground, Archway London Underground, Upper Holloway London Underground Daily. London Buses service Metroline
307 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet Arkley Hotel to Brimsdown National Rail New Barnet National Rail, East Barnet, Oakwood London Underground, Enfield Chase National Rail, Enfield Town National Rail Daily. London Buses service Arriva London
326 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet The Spires to Brent Cross New Barnet National Rail, East Barnet, Whetstone, Totteridge London Underground, West Finchley, Finchley Central London Underground, Hendon London Underground Daily. London Buses service Metroline
384 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet Quinta Drive to Cockfosters London Underground New Barnet National Rail, East Barnet Daily. London Buses service Metroline

Non-Daily Bus Routes

Route Number Route Via Operation Operator
383 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet The Spires to Woodside Park London Underground New Barnet National Rail, Oakleigh Park National Rail, Whetstone, Friern Barnet, North Finchley Mon-Sat except evenings. London Buses service Metroline
389 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet The Spires to Barnet Western Way N/A Mon-Sat 10am – 2pm. London Buses service First London
399 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet The Spires to Hadley Wood National Rail Monken Hadley Mon-Sat 10am – 2pm. London Buses service First London
614 Handicapped/disabled access Hatfield Business Park to Queensbury London Underground Barnet, Arkley, Edgware London Underground, Burnt Oak Mon-Sat. Hertfordshire service Uno
606 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet Ravenscroft School to Queensbury London Underground Barnet London Underground, Arkley, Edgware London Underground, Burnt Oak Mon-Fri. London Buses school service Metroline
626 Handicapped/disabled access Potters Bar Dame Alice Owen’s School to Finchley Central London Underground Monken Hadley, Barnet London Underground, New Barnet National Rail, East Barnet, Whetstone, North Finchley Mon-Fri. London Buses school service Metroline
634 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet Hospital to Muswell Hill Whetstone, Friern Barnet Mon-Fri. London Buses school service Metroline
N20 Handicapped/disabled access Barnet Church to Trafalgar Square Whetstone, North Finchley, Finchley Central London Underground, East Finchley London Underground, Highgate London Underground, Archway London Underground, Tufnell Park London Underground, Kentish Town London Underground, Camden Town London Underground, Mornington Crescent London Underground, Euston London Underground, Leicester Square London Underground, Charing Cross London Underground Nightly. London Buses service Metroline

Tube stations

Victorian Architecture of High Barnet Tube Station

High Barnet tube station is the terminus of the High Barnet branch of the Northern Line and is the northernmost station on the line.. (Trains run every 3–9 minutes to Morden via Bank, or to Kennington via Charing Cross, from three southbound platforms). The next station south is Totteridge and Whetstone.

Railway stations

There are no overground railway stations in High Barnet itself, but these stations are nearby, and can be accessed from High Barnet by bus:

Religious sites

St John the Baptist Church

St John the Baptist Church (built 1560), which stands in what was the centre of the town, was erected by John de la Moote, abbot of St Albans, about 1400, the architect being Beauchamp. Playing on its antiquity, it continues to call itself "Barnet Church", although this is not an official title. It is in fact the parish church of Chipping Barnet only, whilst Christ Church is the parish church of High Barnet, St Mark's is the parish church of Barnet Vale, St James's is the parish church of New Barnet, and St Mary's is the parish church of East Barnet. The parish church of St Mary the Virgin Monken Hadley (rebuilt 1494) also has parish boundaries which include a significant part of High Barnet, including much of Barnet High Street. The parish of Chipping Barnet, served by St John's Church, was provided with a chapel-of-ease in Victorian times; subsequently Chipping Barnet parish was split in two, and the chapel-of ease (on Bells Hill, Barnet) raised to the status of a parish church, dedicated to St Stephen.

St John the Baptist, the ancient parish church, consists of a nave and aisles separated by clustered columns which support four pointed arches; a chancel with an east window of good Perpendicular tracery; a vestry, built in the reign of James I by Thomas Ravenscroft; and at the west end, a low, square embattled tower. The living of Barnet is a curacy, held with the rectory of East Barnet till the death of the late incumbent in 1866, when the livings were separated.

Public services

Barnet is served by Barnet General Hospital which is run by Barnet and Chase Farm NHS Hospitals Trust as part of the English National Health Service. There is also a National Health Service clinic in Vale Drive (near Barnet Hill and High Barnet tube station). London Ambulance Service responds to medical emergencies in Barnet. Home Office policing is provided by the Metropolitan Police Service. Statutory emergency fire service is provided by the London Fire Brigade, which has a station on Station Road, built in 1992.

Sport and recreation

Barnet FC[8] are the local football team, currently in Football League Two - the lowest professional league in English football. They play at the Underhill Stadium. They first reached the Football League in 1991 as champions of the GM Vauxhall Conference but lost their status 10 years later with relegation, only to return four years later - again as Conference champions.

Barnet Cricket club and Old Elizabethans CC have merged to form one club in Barnet and currently play their games at Gypsy Corner. Shaftesbury Barnet Harriers is a local athletics club. Chipping Barnet has a King George's Field in memorial to King George V. Old Court House Recreation Ground is a park in High Barnet.

High Barnet is home to an Odeon cinema, the Barnet Museum, the All Saints Art Centre, the traditional annual Barnet Fair, which was chartered in Medieval times, the Ravenscroft local park and Barnet recreational park, a now disused well that was frequented by, among others, Samuel Pepys, and many restaurants and public houses.

Cuisines on offer include Italian, French, Indian, Chinese and south east Asian. Amongst the most popular restaurants are branches of Pizza Express, Brasserie Gerard Prezzo, and Emchai (south east Asian cuisine). High Barnet also has a number of coffee/snack outlets, both independent ones such as The Coffee Bean and Oasis, as well as branches of Starbucks and Costa Coffee.

A small nightclub operated for a few years in the 1980s in the premises now occupied by The Misty Moon pub. The public houses and bars in High Barnet include: The Misty Moon, Toby Carvery, The Kings Head, The Monken Holt, The Black Horse, Ye Olde Mitre Inn, The Hadley Oak, The Nelson, The Sebright Arms, and The White Lion.[9] The large number of inns in Barnet was a matter of note in Charles Dickens's novel Oliver Twist; it was here that Oliver met the Artful Dodger.

Local papers

The local newspapers are as of 2011-

Newspaper Link
The Barnet and Potters Bar Times [10]
Barnet Today [11]

The town used to be part of Hertfordshire until 1965.

See also

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barnet FC — Barnet Football Club Barnet FC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bârneţ — BÂRNÉŢ s.n. v. brâneţ. Trimis de paula, 29.11.2008. Sursa: DEX 98  BÂRNÉŢ s. v. brăcinar. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  bârnéţ v. brâneţ Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic …   Dicționar Român

  • barnet — ► NOUN Brit. informal ▪ a person s hair. ORIGIN from rhyming slang barnet fair (a horse fair held at Barnet, Herts) …   English terms dictionary

  • Barnet — (Chipping oder High Barnet), Stadt in Hertfordshire (England), nordwestlich von London, hat eine Lateinschule und (1901) 7876 Einw. Nördlich davon (auf Hadley Green) ein Obelisk zur Erinnerung an den Sieg Eduards IV. (14. April 1471) über den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barnet — Barnet, José A. Barnet, batalla de ► Mun. de Gran Bretaña, en Inglaterra, condado metropolitano del Gran Londres, constituye una zona residencial; 310 400 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Barnet — (Chipping B.), Stadt, halb zur Grafschaft Middlesex, halb zur Grafschaft Hertford gehörig; 15,000 Ew.; Spital u. Siegesdenkmal (Obelisk) wegen des Gefechtes am 14. April 1471,[337] wo Warwick von Eduard IV. besiegt wurde, s. England (Gesch.).… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Barnet — Barnet, Chipping B., Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Hertfort, (1901) 7876 E.; hier 14. April 1471 Sieg des Hauses York über das Haus Lancaster …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barnet — [bär′nət] borough of Greater London, England: pop. 294,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Barnet F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Barnet fullname = Barnet Football Club nickname = The Bees founded = 1888 ground = Underhill Stadium Barnet, London England capacity = 5,568 chairman = flagicon|England Anthony Kleanthous manager =… …   Wikipedia

  • Barnet — /bahr nit/, n. a borough of Greater London, England. 302,600. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of London, on the northwestern perimeter of the metropolis. The borough lies mostly within the historic county of Middlesex …   Universalium


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