infobox UK place
official_name= Ward of Walbrook
map_type= Greater London
london_borough= City of London
constituency_westminster = Cities of London and Westminster
Walbrook is the name of a ward, a street and a subterranean river in the
City of London.
riverplayed a key role in the Roman settlement of Londinium, the city now known as London. It is thought that the river acquired its name from the fact that it ran through or under the London Wall. The stream started in what is now Finsburyand flowed right through the centre of the walled city into the River Thames, near to where Cannon Street Railway Bridgeis now located, splitting the settlement in two. It was probably used for fresh drinking water and also for carrying sewagedown to the Thames. During roman times it was also used for transport with the dead of navigation at Bucklersbur where the Romans built a port and temple to Mithrason the east bank. The temple was discovered and subsequently excavated during rebuilding work after World War II. The Roman Governor's palace was also located on the east bank of the stream, near to its entry point into the Thames. It is said that, when Londinium (also known then as "Caer Lundein") fell to the invading Saxons in the late 6th century, all the British (Celtic) inhabitants were forced to live on the east bank of the Walbrook while the Saxons would reside on the west. This ancient division endured as the east side — or East End — continued to suffer in poverty while the west side — or West End — flourished.Fact|date=February 2007Perhaps a more likely reason for this is that the prevailing winds over London blow from the West. This naturally carries the soot, fumes and odours from the "Great Wen" eastwards and makes living in the East End somewhat less salubrious than living in the West End. People with the money to do so naturally enough chose to live in the cleaner West End. Nowadays actions such as the Clean Air Act 1956and the general clean up of industry has somewhat reduced this atmospheric effect, the differences in subsequent infrastructure, however, remain. In the 1860s excavations by General Augustus Pitt Riversuncovered a large number of human skulls, and almost no other bones, in the bed of the Walbrook. [Lewis Thorpe, "The History of the Kings of Britain", Penguin, 1966, p. 19] This has been seen as reminiscent of a passage from Geoffrey of Monmouth's "History of the Kings of Britain" (ca. 1136) in which a legion of Roman soldiers who surrendered to Asclepiodotusafter being besieged in London were decapitated by his allies the Venedoti, and their heads thrown into a river called the "Gallobroc". [ Geoffrey of Monmouth, " Historia Regum Britanniae" ] However, Geoffrey's "History" is notoriously unreliable, and some historians consider these skulls to be a result of the rebellion of Boudica. [John Morris (1982), "Londinium: London in the Roman Empire" p. 111.] As late as the early 19th century part of the branch that runs from Islington was open and powered a lead mill.cite book |title=London under London a subterranean guide |last=Trench |first= Richard |coauthors=Hillman Ellis |year=1985 |publisher= John Murray (publishers) Ltd |isbn=0719540801 |pages=pp27-29]
During the '
Carnival Against Capitalism' on June 18 1999, a fire hydrant was let-off on Dowgate Hill by Reclaim the Streetsto symbolically represent the freeing of the Walbrook. [Wat Tyler(2003), "Dancing at the Edge of Chaos: a Spanner in the Works of Global Capitalism, in, Notes From Nowhere (Eds.) We Are Everywhere: the Irresistible Rise of Global Anticapitalism" pp.188-195 (Verso, London/New York 2003) ISBN 1-85984-447-2]
The Walbrook is one of many "lost" rivers of London, the most famous of which is the
Ward of Walbrook
The Walbrook river now runs completely underground and the only evidence above ground that the stream is there is a street called Walbrook, which runs parallel to its course. On the street is a church called
St Stephen Walbrook, which originally stood on the west bank of the stream, but was rebuilt around 1439 on the east side. In 1666 the church burned down in the Great Fire of Londonand Sir Christopher Wren built a new church there in 1672 to replace it, which still stands. The historic London Stone, which would have been a highly important religious symbol in Roman as well as pre-Roman London, is also minutes from Walbrook, as is the present-day Bank of England.
Walbrook is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an
Alderman, to the Court of Aldermenand Commoners(the City equivalent of a Councillor) to the Court of Common Councilof the City of London Corporation. Only electors who are Freemen of the City of London are eligible to stand.
List of rivers in England
Subterranean rivers of London
Roman sites in the United Kingdom
* [http://streetmap.co.uk/newmap.srf?x=532592&y=181001&z=1&sv=walbrook&st=6&tl=Walbrook,+London,+EC4n&searchp=newsearch.srf&mapp=newmap.srf Map showing the location of the street named Walbrook]
* [http://streetmap.co.uk/newmap.srf?x=531891&y=180900&z=1&sv=Queen+Victoria+Street&st=6&tl=Queen+Victoria+Street,+London,+EC4v&searchp=newsearch.srf&mapp=newmap.srf Map showing the location of remains the temple of Mithras]
* [http://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/render_page.php?id=WALB2&title=Walbrook/ Map of Early Modern London: Walbrook Ward] - Historical Map and Encyclopedia of Shakespeare's London (Scholarly)
River item line|upstream=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Walbrook — [ wɔːlbrʊk], Anton, Schauspieler, Wohlbrück, Adolf … Universal-Lexikon
Walbrook — Die Kirche St Stephen s Walbrook ist der Name einer Straße und eines heute unterirdisch verlaufenden Baches in London. Beide liegen in der City of London, dem historischen Zentrum der Stadt. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Walbrook — 51° 30′ 45″ N 0° 05′ 24″ W / 51.5124, 0.09 … Wikipédia en Français
Walbrook — Recorded as Walbrook, Wallbrook, Welbrock, Welbrook, Wellbrook, Wellbroucq, Woolbrooke, and possibly others, this is a very rare surname. Most name holders are probably of English origins, but for some the name may well be Flemish, as the… … Surnames reference
Walbrook Wharf — und Bahnhof Cannon Street (2010) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Walbrook Rowing Club — is an amateur rowing club, on the River Thames in England. It is situated at on the Middlesex bank of the Thames just above Teddington Lock at Trowlock Island, Teddington. It is the first non tidal club on one of the longest and calmest stretches … Wikipedia
Walbrook, Baltimore — Walbrook is a neighborhood in West Baltimore, located along West North Avenue. Coppin State College is located in Walbrook.Several major streets, North Avenue, Windsor Mill Road, Bloomingdale Road, and Hilton Street, meet in the Walbrook area in… … Wikipedia
WALBROOK, ANTON — (1896–1967), Austrian actor. Born Adolf Wilhelm Anton Wohlbruck in Vienna, Walbrook was the son of a Jewish mother and a non Jewish circus clown whose family had been actors since the 18th century. He was educated at Catholic schools and was an… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Walbrook High School — Infobox Education in the United States name= Walbrook High School imagesize= 200px motto= Where success is expected and failure is not an option. motto translation= streetaddress= 2000 Edgewood Street city= Baltimore state= Maryland district=… … Wikipedia
Walbrook Ward — One of the twenty six wards of the City lying between Cheap, Broad Street, and Cornhill Wards north, Langbourne and Candlewick Wards east, Dowgate Ward south, and Cordwainer and Vintry Wards west. Earliest mention: Warda do Walebrok, 3 Ed.… … Dictionary of London