Bâkî


Bâkî

Bâḳî (باقى) was the pen name (Ottoman Turkish: ﻡﺨﻠﺺ "mahlas") of the Ottoman Turkish poet Mahmud Abdülbâkî (محمود عبد الباقى) (1526 – 1600). Considered one of the greatest contributors to Turkish literature, Bâkî came to be known as "Sultânüş-şuarâ" (سلطان الشعرا), or "Sultan of poets".

Life

Bâkî was born to a poor family in Istanbul, his father being a muezzin at the Fatih Mosque. Originally, his family apprenticed him to a harness-maker, but he would often skip work to attend classes at a nearby "medrese", or Islamic school. Because of this, his family eventually allowed him to formally attend school. Bâkî was a good student, and he attended the lectures of many of the famous lecturers of the time. It was during his school years that his interest in and talent for poetry began to take shape, helped largely by the established poet Zâtî (ذاﺕﯽ) (1471–1548). After completing school, he worked for some time as a teacher, but later, as his poetic fame began to grow, he was granted a number of different positions—generally as a "kadı" (ﻗﺎﺽﯽ), or Islamic judge—in the Ottoman bureaucracy. Bâkî died in Istanbul in the year 1600.

Bâkî was always very close to the Ottoman palace, particularly during the reign of Süleymân I, with whom he had good relations. During the subsequent reigns of Selim II and Murad III, he remained close to the palace and to state affairs, and received a great deal of attention and interest both from the public and the palace.

Works

Bâkî lived during the height of the Ottoman Empire, and this affected his poetry greatly. Love, the joy of living, and nature are the primary subjects of his poems. Although almost no Sufi influence is found in his poetry—as it is in many other Ottoman-era poets—his concept of love as revealed in his poetry was not entirely divorced from the Sufi concept thereof.

Bâkî wrote a relatively small number of works in his lifetime, as he always stated that he wanted to make works great in quality rather than quantityFact|date=February 2007. One of his most celebrated works is his "Mersiye-i Hazret-i Süleymân Hân" (مرشيه ﺣﻀﺮت سليمان خان; "Elegy for His Excellency Süleymân Khan"), among the most famed of elegaic works in Turkish literature.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baki — can be:* Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan (alternate spelling) * Baki, Somalia, the capital of the Baki district of the Awdal region *Baki, Afghanistan * Baki, Sukoharjo, a subdistrict in Sukoharjo Regency, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia. * The Baki… …   Wikipedia

  • Baki — bezeichnet: eine Stadt in Somalia/Somaliland, siehe Baki (Somalia) einen männlichen Vornamen, siehe Baki (Vorname) Bakı bezeichnet: die Hauptstadt Aserbaidschans, siehe Baku BaKi steht für: Banane Kirsch Saft, Siehe auch Bacci …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BAKI — (Heb. בָּקִי; expert ), person possessing expertise in a particular field of ritual law, e.g., in divorce law ( Baki be tiv Gittin ) or in dietary laws ( Baki bi terefot ); also a person well versed in Talmud and rabbinic literature is called… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bąki — may refer to the following places in Poland: *Bąki, Lower Silesian Voivodeship (south west Poland) *Bąki, Łódź Voivodeship (central Poland) …   Wikipedia

  • BAKI — Considéré comme le «sultan des poètes», B ャ 稜 porta à son point de perfection la poésie turque classique. Poète de Cour et de tradition savante, il nous apparaît plutôt comme un virtuose extraordinaire que comme un grand inspiré. Mais il a su,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Baki — Baki, türk. Dichter, gest. 1599, nach dem eignen Urteile der Osmanen ihr größter Lyriker. Seinen »Diwan« (lithographiert, Stambul 1859) hat Hammer Purgstall deutsch herausgegeben (unvollständig, Wien 1825). Seine Würdigung als Dichter versuchte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Baki — Bàki, Mahmud (Abdulbaki) (1526 1600) DEFINICIJA jedan od vodećih liričara klasičnog razdoblja turske književnosti; nenadmašan u versifikaciji i formi, muzikalnosti stiha, koji karakterizira vitalizam, hedonizam kao zdravo veličanje životnih… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • baki- — *baki , *bakiz germ., stark. Maskulinum (i): nhd. Bach; ne. brook; Rekontruktionsbasis: an., ae., anfrk., as., ahd.; Hinweis: s. *bakja ; Etymologie …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Bakı — Baku Bakı Wappen Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baki — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Baki peut désigner : Le baki, langue de Vanuatu Baki (manga) Baki, ville de Somalie capitale de l Awdal Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français