official_name = Бабруйск
leader_name = Bonohov Dmitry
established_title = Mentioned
established_date = 1387
area_total_km2 = 66
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 227,000
population_density_km2 = 3439.4
timezone = EET
utc_offset = +2
timezone_DST = EEST
utc_offset_DST = +3
latd=53 |latm=09 |latNS=N
longd=29 |longm=14 |longEW=E
postal_code = 213800
area_code = +375 0225(1)
website = [http://www.bobruisk.by www.bobruisk.by]
Babruysk or Bobruisk ( _be. Бабруйск, Babrujsk; _ru. Бобруйск, Bobruisk) is a city in the
Mahilyow Voblastof Belaruson the Berezina river. It is a large city in Belarus with a population of approximately 227,000 people (2000). The name Babrujsk (as well as that of the Babrujka River) probably originates from the Belarusian word "babyor" (бабёр) (beaver), many of which used to inhabit the Berezina. However, beavers in the area have been almost eliminated by the end of the 19th century due to huntingand pollution.
Babrujsk occupies an area of 66 square km, and comprises over 450 streets whose combined length stretches for over 430 km.
Babrujsk is located at the intersection of railroads to
Asipovichy, Zhlobin, Kastrychnitskiand roads to Minsk, Gomel, Mogilev, Kalinkavichy, Slutsk, and Rahachow. It has the biggest timber mill in Belarus, and is also known for its chemical, machine building and metal-working industries. In march of 2002, 46,980 Babrujsk citizens have been employed in some form of manufacturing.
In 2003, there were 34
public schoolsin Babrujsk, with over 34,000 students. There are also three schools specializing in music, danceand visual arts. Additionally, there is a medical schooland numerous professional technical schools.
Babrujsk is one of the oldest cities in
Belarus. It was first mentioned in writing in the middle of the 14th century. Investigations by archaeologistsrevealed that in the 5th and 6th centuries there existed Slavic settlements up the river Biarezina from where Babrujsk is currently located; findings of stone tools and weapons suggest that people have lived in the area since the stone age.
During the reign of
Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev, in place of modern-day Babrujsk there was a village whose inhabitants were occupied with fishingand beaver trapping. This is where the name Babrujsk originated. For many centuries Babrujsk was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealthand was an important militarily fortified border post. In the 14th century a castlewas built on one of the hills near the Biarezina River.
Babrujsk was not only a major military base, but also a prominent trade center. There is evidence of a market containing over 75 stalls, which implies significant financial activity. In the first half of the 17th century Babrujsk became a big trade outpost thanks to its strategic position at the intersection of major trade routes and the Biarezina river. There was a flowering of skilled tradesmen, including
carpenters, blacksmiths, goldsmiths, and bakers. The population in the first half of the 17th century was between 2,000 and 5,000 people.
The town was surrounded by fortifications made from wood and earth, whose length stretched for over 3 km. These included a protective earth barrier, wooden walls, and almost a dozen two-story watchtowers. In the walls there were openings designed for the placement of
firearms. In 1810, the construction of a fortressbegan to mark the border between Russiaand Austriaand Prussia; in 1812 it was almost completed and was successful in repelling Napoleon's attack for four months. After the war the building was renewed on a large scale, and it was completed in 1820. That was one of the western Russian fortresses. The Babrujsk fortress has served its purpose for many decades and today it is a major tourist attraction.
censusshowed a population of 15,766. There were many ethnicities represented, including Belarusians, Ukrainians, Poles, and Jews. Most of the buildings were constructed from wood, just as in other Belarusian cities. In 1866 there were 1498 houses, only 29 of which were made from brick.
There has been a steady increase in the
Jewishpopulation of Babruysk following the Napoleonic wars. By 1897, in the population of 34,336 citizens, 60.5%, or 20,795 were Jews. Most of them were employed in crafts, industry and trade.
The last decade of the 19th century in Babruysk was characterized by
pogromsas a result of the assassinationof the Russian emperor Alexander II. However, most of the attacks were repelled by self-organized Jewish armed units called boyuvkes.
In 1902, the
Great Fire of Babrujskleft 2,500 families homeless and destroyed over 250 business, 15 schools and the market. There was over 7 million rubles in property damage, however the city was quickly rebuilt, this time with brick and stone.
In 1919—1920, usurpation by Polish occupation forces.
In 1941, Hitler's forces invaded Babruysk. Believing that German troops would not target civilians, many Jews stayed behind. Consequently, 20,000 Babruysk Jews were shot and buried in mass graves.
Ghettoand labor camps were established in the southwest part of town. The conditions inside the camps were horrible and involved lack of food, lack of sanitation and perpetual abuse by the Nazi guards. Soon the Nazis began executing the Jews in the ghetto in groups of about 30. By 1943 all labor camps have been liquidated and the remaining Jews killed. The few Jews who escaped joined partisan forces in the surrounding forest and went about attacking enemy railroad lines. There is a small memorial dedicated to the memory of Babrujsk Jews killed in the Holocaust, located in the Nahalat Yitzhakcemetery, Giv'atayim, Israel, as part of the Babi Yarmemorial.
June 29, 1944, the Red Armyliberated Babruysk. The city lay in ruins; while the population had been 84,107 in 1939, it was down to 28,352 following the war. The difficult process of rebuilding was conducted by thousands of workers and war prisoners who labored to clear factories and streets of rubble and filled in craters made by the bombardment. The machine building plant had been almost completely destroyed, but was restored to working order by the end of 1944. Many other factories and facilities were also rebuilt.
The population recovered swiftly as well. In 1959 it was 96,000, in 1965 - 116,000, in 1968 - 122,500, in 1970 - 136,000 and by 1989, 232,000 people were living in Babrujsk. This was mostly due to
urbanization, where people moved into the city from the surrounding rural areas.
* Babruysk is mentioned in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. In the episode "Family" the character of Worf is waiting for his parents to teleport up to the Enterprise from "Earth station Babruysk" in the year 2367.
* Famous American physician Slava Kaplan was born in Babruysk
* Famous American Yiddish poet Celia Dropkin was born in Babruysk
* Babruysk was mentioned to be the origin of Valentin Mironov in
The Good Shepherd
* Babruysk became well-known to wide public in Russian Internet community after heavy usage in "
Padonki" slang, and infamous idiomatic expression "Ф Бабруйск жывотное" ("To Bobruysk, anemal!", lit. "Go to Babruysk, you animal!").
* Babruysk also mentioned in
The Little Golden Calfnovel by soviet writers Ilf and Petrov.
* Babruysk is also a home town of Lev V. Paley, Soviet Immigrant to United States.
* Both founders of the
Russian band Bi-2were from Babruysk.
List of cities in Belarus
Extreme points of Europe
* [http://www.bobruisk.by Bobruisk.by] - Official Babrujsk website
* [http://www.bobruisk.org Bobruisk.org] - An unofficial Babruisk website
* [http://radzima.org/pub/miesta.php?lang=en&miesta_id1=mabababr Photos on Radzima.org]
* [http://globus.tut.by/bobrujsk/index.htm Photos of famous historical sites in Babrujsk]
* [http://babruisk.belarda.org Babrujsk website]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Babruysk — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Бабруйск Бобруйск Babruysk/Bobruysk Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Babruysk — Original name in latin Babruysk Name in other language BOBRUJSK, Babroejsk, Babruisk, Babrujsk, Babruysk, Bobruisk, Bobruiskas, Bobrujsk, Bobruysk, bwbrwysq, БОБРУЙСК, Бабруйск, Бобруйск State code BY Continent/City Europe/Minsk longitude 53.1384 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Babruysk — Sp Babrùiskas Ap Бабруйск/Babruysk baltarusiškai (gudiškai) Ap Бобруйск/Bobruysk rusiškai L C Baltarusija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Babruysk — geographical name see Bobruysk … New Collegiate Dictionary
Babruysk — Ba·bruysk or Bo·bruysk also Bo·bruisk (bə bro͞oʹĭsk) A city of southern Belarus southeast of Minsk. It was founded in the 16th century. Population: 226,000. * * * … Universalium
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Babruysk Arena — Babruysk Arena, also known as Bobruisk Arena, is an indoor sporting arena located in Babruysk, Belarus. It is used to host various indoor events and serves as the home of HC Dynamo Minsk of the Kontinental Hockey League along with the Minsk Ice… … Wikipedia
Babruysk fortress — The Babruysk Fortress ( be. Бабруйская крэпасць, ru. Бобруйская крепость) is a historic fortress in the city of Babruysk, Belarus that was built between 1810 and 1836. It is one of the best surviving examples of fortification architecture and… … Wikipedia
Babruysk Rayon — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Babruysk Rayon Country and Admin Code BY.06.828918 BY … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
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