Litchfield, Connecticut


Litchfield, Connecticut

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Litchfield, Connecticut
settlement_type = Town


imagesize =
image_caption =


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Connecticut


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = NECTA
subdivision_name = None
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Litchfield Hills
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1719
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
government_type = Selectman-town meeting
leader_title = First selectman
leader_name = Leo Paul, Jr.
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 147.1
area_land_km2 = 145.2
area_water_km2 = 1.9
area_total_sq_mi = 56.8
population_as_of = 2005
population_total = 8684
population_footnotes = [ [http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2005_9.csv U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates] ]
population_density_km2 = 60
population_density_sq_mi = 155
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
area_land_sq_mi = 56.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.7
elevation_m = 151
elevation_ft = 495
latd = 41 |latm = 46 |lats = 00 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 06 |longs = 58 |longEW = W
region =
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 06750, 06759
website = [http://www.munic.state.ct.us/LITCHFIELD/litchfield.htm Litchfield]
area_code = 860
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 09-43370
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0213452
footnotes =

Litchfield is a town in and former county seat of Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States,GR|6 and is known as an affluent summer resort. The population was 8,316 at the 2000 census. The boroughs of Bantam and Litchfield are located within the town. There are also two unincorporated villages: Northfield and Milton.

Famous residents of the town include Ethan Allencite book | title = Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896 | publisher = Marquis Who's Who | date = 1967] , Andrew Adams, Henry Ward Beecher, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uriel Holmes, Phineas Miner, Samuel S. Phelps, Oliver Wolcott, Sr., Admiral Charles B. McVay III, and Oliver Wolcott, Jr.

History

Founded in 1721 Litchfield was designated the county seat in 1751, and by the 1790s the town had become the leading commercial, social, cultural and legal center of Northwestern Connecticut. Its population grew from 1,366 in 1756 to 2,544 in 1774, and by 1810 Litchfield was the fourth largest settlement in the state with a population of 4,639.

Beginning in 1784, Litchfield lawyer, Tapping Reeve, systematized his law lectures for young students, creating the Litchfield Law School. Reeve was the first to develop a series of formal, regular lectures that insured that all students had access to the same body of knowledge. Among those who attended was David Sherman Boardman, a prominent nineteenth-century lawyer and judge in the county.

Established in 1792, Sarah Pierce's Litchfield Female Academy was one of the first major educational institutions for women in the United States.

Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Beecher, Edward Beecher, Isabella Beecher Hooker, and Catharine Beecher all grew up in Litchfield where thier father, Lyman Beecher was the minister.

During its "Golden Age" (1784-1834) Litchfield had an unusual number of college educated inhabitants. In 1791 Samuel Miles Hopkins, a student at the Litchfield Law School, described Litchfield in his journal as a town of "hard, active, reading, thinking, intelligent men who may probably be set forth as a pattern of the finest community on earth."

Litchfield's fortunes declined during the later years of the nineteenth century. The town did not have the ample water supply and rail transportation necessary to establish industry and the village became a sleepy backwater. Rediscovered as a resort community in the late nineteenth century Litchfield became a popular spot for vacation, weekend and summer homes. The town embraced the Colonial Revival movement and by the early Century many of the homes began to sport the white paint and black shutters we see today.

Geography

Located southwest of Torrington, it also includes part of Bantam Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 56.8 square miles (147.1 km²), of which, 56.1 square miles (145.2 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (1.27%) is water.

Principal communities

*Bantam (borough)
*East Litchfield
*Litchfield (borough / town center)
*Milton
*Northfield

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 8,316 people, 3,310 households, and 2,303 families residing in the town. The population density was 148.4 people per square mile (57.3/km²). There were 3,629 housing units at an average density of 64.7/sq mi (25.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.99% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.

There were 3,310 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,418, and the median income for a family was $70,594. Males had a median income of $50,284 versus $31,787 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,096. About 2.8% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Route 202 is the main east-west road connecting Bantam and Litchfield center to the city of Torrington. Route 63 runs north-south through the town center. The Route 8 expressway runs along the town line with Harwinton. It can be accessed from the town center via Route 118. The town is also served by buses from the Northwestern Connecticut Transit District connecting to the city of Torrington.

On the National Register of Historic Places

* Capt. William Bull Tavern — CT 202 (added July 30, 1983)
* Henry B. Bissell House — 202 Maple St. (added October 7, 1990)
* J. Howard Catlin House — 14 Knife Shop Rd. (added September 6, 1993) (Since demolished)
* Litchfield Historic District — Roughly both sides of North and South Sts. between Gallows Lane and Prospect St. (added December 24, 1968)
* Milton Historic District (added March 14, 1978)
* Northfield Knife Company Site (added May 8, 1997)
* Oliver Wolcott House — South St. (added December 11, 1971)
* Rye House — 122-132 Old Mount Tom Rd. (added September 10, 2000)
* Tapping Reeve House and Law School — South St. (added November 15, 1966)
* Topsmead — 25 and 46 Chase Rd. (added December 19, 1993)

References

*Debby Applegate, "The Most Famous Man in America: The Biography of Henry Ward Beecher". Doubleday, 2006.

External links

* [http://www.munic.state.ct.us/LITCHFIELD/litchfield.htm Litchfield town's web page]
* [http://www.litchfieldct.com/ General information about Litchfield]
* [http://www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org/index.html Litchfield Historical Society]
* [http://www.litchfieldhills.com/app/index.jsp Northwest Connecticut Convention and Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.artsnwct.org/ Northwest Connecticut Arts Council]
* [http://www.nwctc.commnet.edu/ Northwestern Connecticut Community College] in Winsted
* [http://www.whalesandwolves.net/weather.htm Litchfield Weather]


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