Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana


Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
Kett.gif
The Collar of the Cross of Terra Mariana
Awarded by President of Estonia
Country Estonia
Type six class order
Awarded for To honour the independence of the Estonian state. The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana is bestowed by the President of the Republic on foreigners who have rendered special services to the Republic of Estonia.
Statistics
Established 1995
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of the National Coat of Arms
Next (lower) The Order of the White Star
Maarjamaarist5kl.gif
5th Class of the Order

The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana (Estonian: Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk) was instituted in 1995 to honour the independence of the Estonian state.[1] The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana is bestowed upon the President of the Republic. Presidents of the Republic who have ceased to hold office shall keep the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana. The Collar of the Order was used de facto as the badge of office of the President of the Republic, since the original Presidential collar, that of the Order of the National Coat of Arms was taken from Estonia to the Kremlin after the Soviet occupation of the country in 1940, where it remains to this day. However a new collar of that order was made in 2008.[2] The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana is also given as a decoration of the highest class on foreigners who have rendered special services to the Republic of Estonia. As such it is the highest and most distinguished order granted to non-Estonian citizens.

Contents

Classes

The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana comprises six classes:

  • One special class – The Collar of the Cross of Terra Mariana;
  • Five basic classes – 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th class.

The crosses and shields of all the classes of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana have the same design and are of the same size.

The blue colour tone of the moiré ribands belonging to the decorations of all the classes of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana is determined according to the international PANTONE colour-table as 300 C.

Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana ribbon bars
EST Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - 1st Class BAR.png
1st Class
EST Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - 2nd Class BAR.png
2nd Class
EST Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - 3rd Class BAR.png
3rd Class
EST Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - 4th Class BAR.png
4th Class
EST Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - 5th Class BAR.png
5th Class

Recipients of the Collar

[3]

See also

  • Category:Recipients of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana

References

External links


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