- Prussian Homage
In the aftermath of the armistice ending the Polish-Teutonic War Albert,
Grand Master of the Teutonic Knightsand a member of the House of Hohenzollern, visited Martin Lutherat Wittenbergand soon therefter became sympathetic to Protestantism. On April 10, 1525, two days after signing of the Treaty of Kraków, in the market of the Polish capital Kraków, Albert resigned his position as Grand Master of the Teutonic Knightsto become a Lutheran and receive the title "Duke of Prussia" from his uncle King Zygmunt I the Oldof Poland. In a deal partially brokered by Luther, the Duchy of Prussia became the first Protestant state, anticipating the Peace of Augsburgof 1555. Nevertheless investitureof Protestant fief of Duchy of Prussia was better for Poland for geostrategical reasons than Catholic fief of State of Teutonic Order in Prussia, formally subjected to the Holy Roman Emperorand Papacy.
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