- Baranov Central Institute of Aviation Motors development
P. I. Baranov Central Institute of Aviation Motors development (also Central Institute for Aviation Motors development named after P. I. Baranov, or simple Central Institute of Aviation Motors CIAM or TsIAM, Tsentralniy Institut Aviatsionnogo Motorostroeniya, _ru. Центральный Институт Авиационного Моторостроения) is the only specialized
Russian research and engineering facility dealing with advanced aerospace propulsionresearch, aircraft engine certification and other gas dynamics-related issues. Founded in 1930.
CIAM operates the largest aerospace engine testing facility in
Europe, surpassed only by the USA's Arnold Engineering Development Centerand Glenn Research Center.
Lefortovo, South-East Okrug of Moscow. Address - 2 Aviamotornayastreet, Moscow, Postcode111116.
CIAM operates a scientific testing center in
Lytkarino, Moscow Oblast.
Since 1930, the year of foundation, CIAM designed nearly all Russian aviation motors and gas turbines. In 1933 CIAM received the name of the tragically deceased
SovietVice Narkomof Heavy IndustryPetr Ionovich Baranov who was one of the ideologist of Soviet aviation industry creation.
World War IIall works on the design and creation of the engines transferred to the mass production motor-building plants and their own design bureaus. In that case CIAM concentrated itself on theoretical and experimental researches, modernizations of the prototypes up to the conveyorproduction.
After the war CIAM was fully occupied by reactive (jet) engines for the airplanes, started from the 1-st generation
turbojets. In the beginning of 1950-th the largest in Europe test base was built in Lytkarino.
In 1970-th the institute started working on a
ramjetengine using the special hypersonic"flying laboratory" GLL Holod.
The experiment used a
liquid hydrogenactively cooled dual-mode ramjet. This program was based on a hydrogen fueled axisymetrical engine placed on top of a Russian SA5missile during the whole flight. First successful test achieved Mach 5.6 in 1991. Maximum speed achieved - Mach 5.7 (November 1992). A new test aiming at flying at Mach 6.3 had a failure though (March 1995). [ [http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=406&gTable=Paper&gID=30313 French-Russian Analysis of Kholod Dual-Mode Ramjet Flight Experiments] ]
dissolution of the USSRCIAM lost a huge number of engineers, some of them started working outside own country.With the lost of government support and an absence of the State aviation strategy CIAM "stayed afloat" only by the contracts with China, France enterprises, ABB company and by offering logistic services. Up to now the situation has stabilized: CIAM leads some federal programs, including development of the new perspective scramjet GLL Igla. [ [http://www.netwrx1.com/skunk-works/v02.n027 French Support Russian SCRAMJET Tests.] ] CIAM also accents an additional attention to gas pipelines - in March 2006 the institute achieved an agreement with JSC Gasprom.
Moscow Aviation Institute
Arnold Engineering Development Center
Glenn Research Center
* [http://www.ciam.ru/eversion/ CIAM's website]
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