Baranov Central Institute of Aviation Motors development


Baranov Central Institute of Aviation Motors development

P. I. Baranov Central Institute of Aviation Motors development (also Central Institute for Aviation Motors development named after P. I. Baranov, or simple Central Institute of Aviation Motors CIAM or TsIAM, Tsentralniy Institut Aviatsionnogo Motorostroeniya, _ru. Центральный Институт Авиационного Моторостроения) is the only specialized Russian research and engineering facility dealing with advanced aerospace propulsion research, aircraft engine certification and other gas dynamics-related issues. Founded in 1930.

CIAM operates the largest aerospace engine testing facility in Europe, surpassed only by the USA's Arnold Engineering Development Center and Glenn Research Center.

Based in Lefortovo, South-East Okrug of Moscow. Address - 2 Aviamotornaya street, Moscow, Postcode 111116.

CIAM operates a scientific testing center in Lytkarino, Moscow Oblast.

History

The basics of the institute were formed by such academics like Keldysh, Klimov and Chelomey.

Since 1930, the year of foundation, CIAM designed nearly all Russian aviation motors and gas turbines. In 1933 CIAM received the name of the tragically deceased Soviet Vice Narkom of Heavy Industry Petr Ionovich Baranov who was one of the ideologist of Soviet aviation industry creation.

Before the World War II all works on the design and creation of the engines transferred to the mass production motor-building plants and their own design bureaus. In that case CIAM concentrated itself on theoretical and experimental researches, modernizations of the prototypes up to the conveyor production.

After the war CIAM was fully occupied by reactive (jet) engines for the airplanes, started from the 1-st generation turbojets. In the beginning of 1950-th the largest in Europe test base was built in Lytkarino.

In 1970-th the institute started working on a ramjet engine using the special hypersonic "flying laboratory" GLL Holod.

The experiment used a liquid hydrogen actively cooled dual-mode ramjet. This program was based on a hydrogen fueled axisymetrical engine placed on top of a Russian SA5 missile during the whole flight. First successful test achieved Mach 5.6 in 1991. Maximum speed achieved - Mach 5.7 (November 1992). A new test aiming at flying at Mach 6.3 had a failure though (March 1995). [ [http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=406&gTable=Paper&gID=30313 French-Russian Analysis of Kholod Dual-Mode Ramjet Flight Experiments] ]

After the dissolution of the USSR CIAM lost a huge number of engineers, some of them started working outside own country.With the lost of government support and an absence of the State aviation strategy CIAM "stayed afloat" only by the contracts with China, France enterprises, ABB company and by offering logistic services. Up to now the situation has stabilized: CIAM leads some federal programs, including development of the new perspective scramjet GLL Igla. [ [http://www.netwrx1.com/skunk-works/v02.n027 French Support Russian SCRAMJET Tests.] ] CIAM also accents an additional attention to gas pipelines - in March 2006 the institute achieved an agreement with JSC Gasprom.

See also

* TsAGI
* Moscow Aviation Institute
* Arnold Engineering Development Center
* Glenn Research Center

References

External links

* [http://www.ciam.ru/eversion/ CIAM's website]


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