- Gynephilia and androphilia
Gynephilia (or gynophilia) (From Greek "gunē", "women," + "-philia", "love") is the romantic and/or sexual attraction to adult females, and its counterpart androphilia (from Greek "andro-", "male," + "-philia", "love") is attraction to adult males. There are two main reasons why these terms have been used: to describe either the age or the
sex/ genderof the object of an individual's sexual orientation.
ex and/or gender
The terms gynephilia and androphilia are occasionally (but increasingly)fact|date=June 2008 used when referring to the
sexual orientationof transgender, intersex, and other genderqueer or intergender people, [For example: " Fa’afafineare a heterogeneous group of androphilic males, some of whom are unremarkably masculine, but most of whom behave in a feminine manner in adulthood.", Bartlett, Nancy H. and Vasey, Paul L. (2006), "A Retrospective Study of Childhood Gender-Atypical Behavior in Samoan Fa’afafine", Archives of Sexual Behavior, Springer Netherlands, ISSN 0004-0002 (Print) 1573-2800 (Online), Volume 35, Number 6, December 2006, Pages 659-666] since the terms homosexual(same-sex) and heterosexual(different-sex) can be unclear. In describing an individual's sexual orientationas homosexual or heterosexual, we are not only saying something about the sex/ genderof their object choice, but also something about their own sex/gender — specifically, that their sex and/or gender is the same as, or different from, that of those they desire. Difficulties in making these judgements can be seen, for example, in debates about whether female-attracted transmen are a part of the lesbian community. Androphilia and gynephilia are often preferred, because rather than focusing on the sex or gender of the subject, they only describe that of the object of their attraction.
The third common term that describes sexual orientation,
bisexuality, makes no claim about the subject's sex or gender identity.
The terms can also be used to distinguish attractions to adults from
pederastyand pedophilia. In the field of sex offender rehabilitation, the term "gynophilia" is used to mean "attraction to adult women", in contrast with pedophilia, with the aim of therapy usually being to replace pedophilic desires with gynophilic ones.Fact|date=March 2008 These describe aspects of chronophiliaand within that, androphilia and gynephilia collectively refer to two variable aspects of teleiophilia. Magnus Hirschfeld, writing in the early 20th century, offered a threefold age classification system for homosexual males: Fact|date=February 2007
*Ephebophiles, "who are attracted to youths from puberty to the early 20s."
*Androphiles, who prefer men from age 20 to 50s
*Gerontophiles, who prefer older men.
This threefold age system expanded to include classification for females, heterosexuals and bisexuals would be:
*Ephebophiles, "who are attracted to youths from puberty to the early 20s." Refers to males and females.
*Androphiles, who prefer men from age 20-59 and gynephiles, who prefer women from age 20-59.
*Gerontophiles, who prefer older people. Refers to males and females.
The term androphilia has been useful in describing societies where
pederastywas the norm, but where homosexual attraction to adult men was frowned upon.
A book by
Jack Malebrancheuses the term androphilia in its title: "Androphilia, A Manifesto: Rejecting the Gay Identity, Reclaiming Masculinity" (ISBN 0-9764035-8-7). The author uses the term to emphasise masculinityin both the object and the subject of male homosexual desire, and reject the gender nonconformity that he sees in gay identity.
"Gynephilia" is philologically inconsequent, as it takes the nominative instead of the root, and would have as its counterpart "anerphilia" (From Greek "anēr", "men," + "-philia"), not "androphilia" ; while "gynophilia" is formed in violation of Greek word formation rules, cf. gynaecology/gynecology (From Greek "gynaiko-", "female," + "logos")
Sexual orientation of transwomen
*Dynes, Wayne "Androphilia." [http://williamapercy.com/pub-EncyHom.htm Encyclopedia of Homosexuality.] Dynes, Wayne R. (ed.), Garland Publishing, 1990. p. 58.
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