Outer London

Outer London

Outer London is the name for the group of London Boroughs that form a ring around Inner London.

These were areas that were not part of the County of London and became formally part of Greater London in 1965. An exception is North Woolwich, which was in the County of London but was transferred to Newham in 1965.


London Government Act 1963

Outer London - Primary Definition
ONS's Outer London

The outer London boroughs were defined by the London Government Act 1963.[1]

ONS definition (statistics)

The Office for National Statistics and the Census define Outer London differently, excluding Haringey and Newham (which are defined as Inner London), and including Greenwich.[2] This is reflected in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) classification. Under this classification, Outer London consists of Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Bexley, Brent, Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Enfield, Greenwich, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Kingston upon Thames, Merton, Redbridge, Richmond upon Thames, Sutton, and Waltham Forest.

Historical population

Please note: Figures here are for the Office for National Statistics defined Outer London (in its 2001 limits), whose land area is 1,254 km2 (484 sq. miles). Figures before 1971 have been reconstructed by the Office for National Statistics based on past censuses in order to fit the 2001 limits. Figures from 1981 onward are midyear estimates, with those for 2002 to 2009 having been revised during 2010.[3] These mid-year estimates are more accurate than the censuses themselves, which are known to underestimate the population of London.

Date Population
1891, April 5/6 1,083,770
1901, March 31/April 1 1,647,396
1911, April 2/3 2,162,288
1921, June 19/20 2,413,978
1931, April 26/27 3,217,219
1939, Mid-year estimate 4,250,788
1951, April 8/9 4,517,588
1961, April 23/24 4,499,737
1971, April 25/26 4,420,585
1981, Midyear estimate 4,254,900
1991, Midyear estimate 4,230,000
2001, Midyear estimate 4,463,100
2002, Midyear estimate 4,480,300
2003, Midyear estimate 4,485,000
2004, Midyear estimate 4,501,200
2005, Midyear estimate 4,537,000
2006, Midyear estimate 4,570,700
2007, Midyear estimate 4,598,800
2008, Midyear estimate 4,638,400
2009, Midyear estimate 4,692,200

Other definitions

From 1990 to 2000 London used two telephone area codes with a separate code for 'Outer London' (081, then 0181), however the area covered by this code was widely different from all of the above definitions. Nowadays, all of London uses the single 020 area code.


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