- Lord Lyon King of Arms
The Lord Lyon King of Arms, the head of
Lyon Court, is the most junior of the Great Officers of State in Scotland and is the Scottish official with responsibility for regulating heraldryin that country, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation. The post was formerly held by an important nobleman, whose functions were in practice carried out by his assistant, the Lyon-Depute. The practice of appointing Lyon-Deputes, however, ceased in 1866.
The Lord Lyon is responsible for overseeing state ceremonial in Scotland, for the granting of new arms to persons or organisations, and for confirming given pedigrees and claims to existing arms.
As Lyon Court is a government department, fees paid for granting coats of arms are paid to the Treasury. The misuse of arms is a criminal offence in Scotland, and treated as tax evasion. Prosecutions are brought before Lyon Court, Lord Lyon being the sole judge. Appeals can be made to the
Court of Sessionin Edinburgh, and ultimately to the House of Lordsin London, following standard legal practice. There is no appeal if the Lord Lyon refuses to grant a coat of arms, as this is not a judicial function, but an exercise of the Royal Prerogative.
The Lord Lyon has several English equivalents.
* Being responsible for Scottish state ceremonies he parallels the
Earl Marshalin England.
* Lord Lyon is Scotland's only "King of Arms", or a high heraldic officer. England has three: the "Garter Principal", the "Clarenceux" (responsible for southern England), and the "Norroy and Ulster" (responsible for northern England and Northern Ireland). Unlike the English Kings of Arms, he does not need permission from the Earl Marshal.
* The Court of the Lord Lyon is the heraldic authority for Scotland, much as the
College of Armsis responsible for granting arms in England.
Court of Chivalry(which last met in 1954) is a civil court, the Lyon Court meets often and has criminal jurisdiction. Lord Lyon is empowered to have assumed coats of arms, and whatever they are affixed to, destroyed. As an example, when LeithTown Hall, now used as a police station, was renovated during the 1990s, several of the coats of arms decorating the Council Chamber were found to be attributed to the wrong person. The police were given special permission to retain the display, on condition that the tourist guides pointed out the historical anomalies.
The Lord Lyon is also one of the few individuals in Scotland officially permitted to fly the "Lion Rampant", the
Royal Standard of Scotland. [ [http://www.lyon-court.com/lordlyon/ll_baseTemplate.jsp?pContentID=237] The Court of the Lord Lyon]
List of Office Holders
Alexander Nairne(1437- 1450)
* Sir William Cumyng (1512-1530)
* Sir David Lyndsay of the Mount (1530 - 1535)
* Sir Robert Forman (1535 - 1567)
* Sir William Stewart (1567 - 1568)
* Sir David Lindsay of Rathillet (1568 - 1591)
* Sir David Lindsay of the Mount (1591 - 1621)
* Sir Jerome Lindsay (1621 - 1630)
* Sir James Balfour (1630 - 1658)
* Sir James Campbell (1658 - 1660)
* Sir Alexander Dundas (1660 - 1663)
* Sir Charles Erskine, Bt (1663 - 1677)
* Sir Alexander Erskine (1677 - 1726)
Alexander Brodie of that Ilk(1727 - 1754)
John Hooke-Campbell(1754 - 1796)
* Robert Hay-Drummond (1796 - 1804)
* Thomas Hay-Drummond (1804 - 1866)
* George Burnett (1866-90)
* Sir James Balfour Paul (1890 - 1927)
* Captain George Sitwell Campbell Swinton (1927 - 1929)
* Sir Francis James Grant (1929 - 1945)
* Sir Thomas Innes of Learney (1945 - 1969)
* Sir James Monteith Grant (1969 - 1981)
* Sir Malcolm Innes of Edingight (1981 - 2001)
Robin Orr Blair(2001 - 2008)
David Sellar(2008 - )
* [http://www.lyon-court.com/ Official Website of the Court of the Lord Lyon]
* [http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/lyoncourt.html The Heraldry Society of Scotland’s pages on the Lord Lyon]
* [http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/content.aspx?LegType=All+Primary&PageNumber=106&NavFrom=2&parentActiveTextDocId=1519152&ActiveTextDocId=1519152&filesize=8008 Lyon King of Arms Act 1592]
* [http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/content.aspx?LegType=All+Legislation&title=lyon+king+of+arms&searchEnacted=0&extentMatchOnly=0&confersPower=0&blanketAmendment=0&sortAlpha=0&TYPE=QS&PageNumber=1&NavFrom=0&parentActiveTextDocId=1519389&ActiveTextDocId=1519389&filesize=3590 Lyon King of Arms Act 1669]
* [http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/content.aspx?LegType=All+Legislation&title=lyon+king+of+arms&searchEnacted=0&extentMatchOnly=0&confersPower=0&blanketAmendment=0&sortAlpha=0&TYPE=QS&PageNumber=1&NavFrom=0&parentActiveTextDocId=1519478&ActiveTextDocId=1519478&filesize=8379 Lyon King of Arms Act 1672]
* [http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/content.aspx?LegType=All+Legislation&title=lyon+king+of+arms&searchEnacted=0&extentMatchOnly=0&confersPower=0&blanketAmendment=0&sortAlpha=0&TYPE=QS&PageNumber=1&NavFrom=0&parentActiveTextDocId=1058927&ActiveTextDocId=1058927&filesize=36789 Lyon King of Arms Act 1867]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Lord Lyon King of Arms — Lord Lyon Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, Lord Lyon, Roi d Armes, portant le tabard … Wikipédia en Français
Lord Lyon King of Arms — head of administration in matters heraldic in Scotland. He acts as heraldic judge in civil and criminal matters. It is an ancient office derived from the Celtic seannachie. The Lyon Court sits on the days of the ancient druidic feasts of Beltane… … Law dictionary
Lord Lyon King of Arms — Der Lord Lyon King of Arms, Sir Francis Grant, und der Duke of York auf dem Weg zur St. Giles Cathedral im Jahre 1933 … Deutsch Wikipedia
lord lyon king of arms — or lord lyon : lyon king of arms … Useful english dictionary
Lyon King of Arms — /laɪən kɪŋ əv ˈamz/ (say luyuhn king uhv ahmz) noun the chief herald of Scotland. Also, Lord Lyon … Australian English dictionary
King of Arms — is the senior rank of an officer of arms. In many heraldic traditions, only a king of arms has the authority to grant armorial bearings. In other traditions, the power has been delegated to other officers of similar rank.Heraldic dutiesIn England … Wikipedia
Lord Lyon — Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, Lord Lyon, Roi d Armes, portant le tabard … Wikipédia en Français
King of Arms — Wappenkönig Sir Alfred Scott Scott Gatty. Er trägt den Wappenrock des Garter Principal King of Arms, in der Hand hält er den Heroldsstab. Karikatur aus der Zeitschrift Vanity Fair, 1904. Ein Wappenkönig ist der oberste Herold seines… … Deutsch Wikipedia
lord lyon — see lord lyon king of arms … Useful english dictionary
Lord Lyon — /lɔd ˈlaɪən/ (say lawd luyuhn) noun → Lyon King of Arms … Australian English dictionary