Infobox Cultivar | name = Broccoflower

image_caption = Green cauliflower
species = "Brassica oleracea"
group = Botrytis cultivar group
origin =
subdivision =

Broccoflower is an edible plant of the species "Brassica oleracea". The edible portion is the immature flower head (inflorescence) of the plant. The word broccoflower is used to describe two different forms with light green heads. One is shaped like regular cauliflower, the other has a spiky appearance.

Plants named broccoflower

There are two forms of "Brassica oleracea" that may be referred to as broccoflower, both of which are considered cultivars of cauliflower ("Brassica oleracea" var. "botrytis") because they have inflorescence meristems rather than flower buds when harvested. [cite conference|author=Malatesta, M., Davey, J.C.|title=Cultivar identification within broccoli, "Brassica oleracea" L. var. "italica" Plenck and cauliflower, "Brassica oleracea" var. "botrytis" L.|url=|booktitle=Acta Horticulturae 407: ISHS Brassica Symposium - IX Crucifer Genetics Workshop|date=1994] They share a curd color that is a similar hue to broccoli.

The first form of broccoflower has the physical attributes of a white cauliflower, but the curd color is lime-green. There are several cultivars of green cauliflower on the market, with the first release being 'Green Ball' with parentage of both broccoli and cauliflower. [cite|author=Honma, S., Heech, O.|title=Green Ball: A New Type of Cauliflower|publisher=Michigan State University, Agricultural Experiment Station|date=1971] The California firm, Tanimura & Antle, trademarked the word "Broccoflower" for the green cauliflower they market. [cite web | url = | title = Broccoflower brand green cauliflower from Tanimura & Antle | accessdate = 2007-08-15]

The second form is Romanesco broccoli, which is characterised by the striking and unusual fractal patterns of its flower head. It has a yellow or vibrant green curd color. Broccoli and cauliflower are closely related and fully cross compatible. The cross is easily made by hand pollination or natural pollinators [cite journal | last = Watts | first = LE | title = Natural cross-pollination and the identification of hybrids between botanical varieties of Brassica oleracea | journal = Euphytica| volume = 17 | pages = 74–80 | year = 1968 .] Some crosses within and between these types require embryo culture after the initial cross. A full range of intermediate types can be produced in later generations of such a cross, of which green-curded cauliflower is one.

Broccoflowers are generally considered to have a milder and slightly sweeter flavor than their close cabbage-family relatives.

Nutritional information

Like other members of "Brassica oleracea", broccoflower is highly nutritious. One cup of broccoflower florets provides 20 calories, nearly two grams of protein, four grams of carbohydrates, two grams of fiber and is an excellent source of vitamin C. [cite web | url = | title = Broccoflower at Truestar health encyclopedia | accessdate = 2007-08-15 | year = 2007]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • broccoflower — (BRAWK.uh.flow.ur) n. A cross between broccoli and cauliflower. Also: brocco flower. Example Citations: Today, along with white cauliflower in markets, you ll find broccoflower (less expensive than white) and occasionally purple cauliflower.… …   New words

  • broccoflower — noun A vegetable formed by crossing broccoli and cauliflower …   Wiktionary

  • broccoflower — /ˈbrɒkoʊflaʊə/ (say brokohflowuh) noun a genetic cross between broccoli and cauliflower, with a yellow green head and a sweeter taste …   Australian English dictionary

  • Cabbage — This article is about the vegetable. For other uses, see Cabbage (disambiguation). Cabbage Cabbage and its cross section Details …   Wikipedia

  • Cauliflower — Cauliflower, cultivar unknown Details Species Brassica oleracea Cultivar group …   Wikipedia

  • Brassica oleracea — Wild Cabbage plants Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae …   Wikipedia

  • Romanesco broccoli — For the dialect of Italian, see Romanesco. Romanesco Romanesco broccoli, showing self similar form Details Species …   Wikipedia

  • Kale — For other meanings, see Kale (disambiguation). Kale Curly kale Details Species Brassi …   Wikipedia

  • Kai-lan — For the television show, see Ni Hao, Kai lan. Kai lan Chinese name Traditional Chinese 芥蘭 Simplified Chinese …   Wikipedia

  • Blend — In linguistics, a blend is a word formed from parts of two other words. These parts are sometimes, but not always, morphemes.LinguisticsBlends deal with the action of abridging and then combining various lexemes to form a new word. However, the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.