- Royal Irish Regiment (1684–1922)
The Royal Irish Regiment, until 1881 the 18th regiment of Foot, was an
infantry regimentof the line in the British Army, first raised in 1684. It was one of eight Irish regiments raised and garrisoned in Ireland. It saw service for two and a half centuries before being disbanded in 1922 with the Partition of Irelandunder the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
Also known as the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot and the 18th (The Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot
The regiment was formed in 1684 by the
Earl of Granardfrom independent companies in Ireland. In 1695, the regiment became known as the Royal Regiment of Ireland due to its performance at Namur under the direction of King William III. The regiment also won the right to display the King's arms on their colours along with the harp and crown. The regiment served throughout the turn of the 18th century in continental battles before being sent to Gibraltar. In 1751, the regiment was officially ranked as the 18th Regiment of Foot - although it was older than all but six other line regiments, it had not been placed on the English establishment until 1689, lowering its precedence.
even Years War
The regiment was in Ireland during the majority of the
Seven Years Warand was ordered to America on January 1 1767. The regiment arrived at Philadelphiaon July 11 1767under the command of Lieutenant Colonel John Wilkins. The majority of the regiment under Wilkins was ordered to Illinoisin early 1768 and remained in Illinois until April 1772 when Fort Chartreswas abandoned. A small detachment under Captain Hugh Lord, remained at Ft. Gage, Illinois until May 1776 when it was ordered to Detroit in anticipation of an American attack. The rest of the regiment was present in Boston, where the grenadier company participated in the Battle of Lexingtonand Battle of Concordand Bunker Hill, its first formal combat in more than 50 years. The regiment was drafted into other regiments in Boston in December 1775 and at Detroitin July 1776.
French Revolutionary Wars
The Royal Irish returned to Gibraltar in 1783, where they remained until the
Siege of Toulonin 1793.
In 1881 as part of the
Childers Reformsthe regiment became the Royal Irish Regiment, and served as the county regiment of Tipperary, Waterford, Wexford and Kilkenny. Its garrison depot was at Clonmel. Militarily, the whole of Ireland was administered as a separate command within the United Kingdom with Command Headquarters at Parkgate ( Phoenix Park) Dublin, directly under the War Officein London [ H.E.D. Harris " The Irish Regiments in the First World War" (1968) pp. 2-3] .
World War One
First World War, 7 further battalions were raised 5th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919] ; three including a mounted unit, the 7th (South Irish Horse) Battalion, for the front and three Garrison Battalions.
The Fifth (Service) Battalion and the regular army First Bn and were part of the 10th (Irish) Division.
The 6th (Service) Battalion, volunteers following Kitcheners New Army appeal, was part of the 16th (Irish) Division.
The regiment was one of the five disbanded under the terms of the
Anglo-Irish Treatyafter the establishment of the Irish Free Statein 1922.
Namur 1695, Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Egypt, China, Pegu, Sevastopol, New Zealand, Afghanistan (1879-80), Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt 1882, Nile (1884-85), South Africa (1900-02) The Great War:Mons, Le Cateau,
Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, La Bassée 1914, Ypres 1915 '17 '18, Gravenstafel, St Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Guillemont, Ginchy, Messines 1917, Pilckem, Langemarck 1917, St. Quentin, Rosières, Arras 1918, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Canal du Nord, St Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Cambrai 1918, Courtrai, France and Flanders 1914-18, Struma, Macedonia 1915-17, Suvla, Landing at Suvla, Gallipoli 1915, Gaza, Jerusalem, Tell 'Asur, Megiddo, Nablus, Palestine 1917-18
Great War Memorials
Irish National War Memorial Gardens, Dublin.
Island of Ireland Peace ParkMessines, Belgium.
* Ulster Tower Memorial Thiepval, France.
Menin Gate MemorialYpres, Belgium.
title=The Royal Irish Regiment
work=regiments.org Includes chronological index of titles.
* [http://www.taoiseach.gov.ie/eng/index.asp?docID=2517 Department of the Taoiseach - Irish Soldiers in the First World War]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Royal Irish Regiment — may be either of two British Army regiments: *Royal Irish Regiment (1684 1922), also known as the 18th Regiment of Foot *Royal Irish Regiment (1992), properly named The Royal Irish Regiment (27th (Inniskilling) 83rd and 87th and Ulster Defence… … Wikipedia
Royal Irish Regiment (1992) — For the regiment of the same name, disbanded in 1922, see Royal Irish Regiment (1684 1922) Infobox Military Unit unit name=The Royal Irish Regiment (27th (Inniskilling) 83rd and 87th and Ulster Defence Regiment) caption=Cap Badge of the Royal… … Wikipedia
Irish regiment — An Irish regiment is a regiment (or similar military unit), excluding those actually in the Irish Defence Forces, that at some time in its history has or had intentional recruitment consisting primarily of members either from Ireland or of Irish… … Wikipedia
Irish Army — ) is the main branch of the Irish Defence Forces [The Irish Defence Forces are made up of the Permanent Defence Forces (PDF or P.D.F) the standing branches and the Reserve Defence Forces (RDF or R.D.F.). The Army is part of the PDF.] ( Óglaigh na … Wikipedia
Royal Scots — Infobox Military Unit unit name=The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) caption=Regimental Cap Badge and The Royal Cypher within the Collar of the Order of the Thistle with the badge appendant dates=1633 2006 country=United Kingdom branch=Army… … Wikipedia
Conrad O'Brien-ffrench — Conrad Fulke Thomond O’Brien ffrench, Marquis de Castelthomond Conrad O Brien ffrench c. 1919 Nickname Eagle (Regimental nickname 1921) … Wikipedia
Martin Doyle — Born 25 October 1891 New Ross, County Wexford, Ireland Died 20 November 1940 (aged 49) Dublin, Irish Free State Buried at … Wikipedia
Charles Burke (British Army officer) — Charles James Burke Burke in the uniform of the Royal Flying Corps Born 1881 or 82 … Wikipedia
David Tidmarsh (aviator) — David Mary Tidmarsh Born 28 January 1892(1892 01 28) Limerick, Ireland Died 27 November 1944(1944 11 27) (aged 52) Dublin, Ireland Allegiance … Wikipedia
Charles William Dunbar Staveley — Sir Charles Staveley Born 18 December 1817 Died 23 November 1896 Allegiance … Wikipedia