- CIA drug trafficking
It has been alleged [ [http://www.whatreallyhappened.com/RANCHO/POLITICS/MENA/mena.html MENA ] ] that the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was involved in drug smuggling in three significant periods.
Vietnamand Eastern Cambodiahad some opiumfields. It was widely alleged among various veterans that the Central Intelligence Agencywas involved in smuggling this opium to heroinproducers in the United States at considerable profit. In the book " The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia", Alfred W. McCoy, a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, provides evidence of the use of opium by agents of the U.S. Government to fund covert operations in Vietnam. McCoy discusses the use of opium to fund covert operations done by the CIA in Vietnam and provides prolific testimony from interviews with many of the principles involved. [Alfred W. McCoy, "The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia"] According to Dr. McCoy, the agency intimidated his sources and tried to keep the book from being published. [Alfred W. McCoy, " [http://www.nybooks.com/articles/article-preview?article_id=10079 A Correspondence with the CIA] , "New York Review of Books" 19:4 (21 September 1972).]
There is also an article in Peace Magazine containing similar allegations. [ [http://archive.peacemagazine.org/v04n3p10.htm "The Secret Team, Part IV: Visiting Vietnam", John Bacher, Peace Magazine Jun-Jul 1988, page 10] ]
Speculation on this matter played a role in the
Steven Seagalfilm "Above the Law", as well as in the fictional Mel Gibsonfilm, "Air America" with a strong focus on drug trafficking. "Air America" was loosely based upon the Christopher Robbins nonfiction, "Air America", which chronicled the history of CIA proprietary airlines in Southeast Asia.
It was alleged by the Soviets on multiple occasionsFact|date=April 2008 that American CIA agents were helping smuggle opium out of
Afghanistan, either into the West, in order to raise money for the Afghan resistanceor into the Soviet Unionin order to weaken it through drug addiction.
According to historian
Alfred W. McCoy, the CIA supported various Afghan drug lords, for instance Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. [ [http://www.bearcave.com/bookrev/nugan_hand.html 9 November 1991 interview] with Alfred McCoy, by Paul DeRienzo] In particular, McCoy stated that: [p. 385 of "", by McCoy, with Cathleen B. Read and Leonard P. Adams II, 2003, ISBN 1-55652-483-8]
Iran Contra Affair
Released on April 13, 1989, the
Kerry Committee reportconcluded that members of the U.S. State Department "who provided support for the Contras were involved in drug trafficking...and elements of the Contras themselves knowingly received financial and material assistance from drug traffickers."
Gary Webbwrote a series of articles published in the San Jose Mercury News, which investigated Nicaraguans linked to the CIA-backed Contras who had allegedly smuggled cocaine into the U.S. which was then distributed as crack cocaine into Los Angeles and funneled profits to the Contras. According to Webb, the CIA was aware of the cocaine transactions and the large shipments of drugs into the U.S. by the Contra personnel and directly aided drug dealers to raise money for the Contras.
In 1996 CIA Director
John M. Deutchwent to Los Angeles to refute the allegations raised by the Gary Webbarticles, and was famously confronted by former LAPDofficer Michael Ruppert, who said he had witnessed it occurring. [ [http://www.gnn.tv/videos/video.php?id=1 "Crack the CIA"] , winner of the 2003 Sundance Online Film Festival ]
Venezuelan National Guard Affair
In November 1993, Judge
Robert C. Bonner, the former head of the DEA, appeared on 60 Minutesand alleged that the CIAhad permitted literally a ton of cocaine to enter the United States. [ [http://www.csun.edu/coms/ben/news/cia/ven/60m.html Untitled ] at www.csun.edu]
The "New York Times" reported:cquote
The CIA - over the objections of the Drug Enforcement Administration, a branch of the Justice Department - approved the shipment of at least one ton of nearly pure cocaine to Miami International Airport as a way of gathering information about the Colombian drug cartels. But the cocaine ended up on the street because of "poor judgment and management on the part of several CIA officers," the intelligence agency said. [New York Times Service, "Venezuelan general who led CIA program indicted," "Dallas Morning News" (26 November 1996) p. 6A.]
In November 1996 a
Miamijury indicted former Venezuelan anti-narcotics chief and CIA asset, General Ramon Guillen Davila, who "led a CIA counter-narcotics program that put a ton of cocaine on U.S. streets in 1990."
*cite book | author=Cockburn, Alexander St. Clair, Jeffrey | title=White-out: CIA, Drugs and the Press | publisher=Verso Books | year=1999 | id=ISBN 1-85984-258-5
*cite book | author=Dale-Scott, Peter Marshall, Jonathan | title=Cocaine Politics: Drugs, Armies, and the CIA in Central America | publisher=University of California Press | year=1998 | id=ISBN 0-520-21449-8
*cite book | author=McCoy, Alfred W. | title=The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade, Afghanistan, Southeast Asia, Central America, Columbia | publisher=Lawrence Hill & Co. | year=2003 | id=ISBN 1-55652-483-8
*cite book | author=Webb, Gary | title=Dark Alliance: CIA, the Contras and the Crack Cocaine Explosion | publisher=Seven Stories Press,U.S. | year=1999 | id=ISBN 1-888363-93-2
*cite book | author=Ruppert, Michael | title=Crossing the Rubicon: The Decline of the American Empire at the End of the Age of Oil | publisher=New Society Publishers | year=2004 | id=ISBN 0-86571-540-8
*cite book | author=Kruger, Henrik. | title=The Great Heroin Coup: Drugs, Intelligence, and International Fascism. | publisher=South End Press | year=1980| id=ISBN 0-89608-031-5
Allegations of state terrorism by United States of America
CIA and Contras cocaine trafficking in the US
United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
War on Drugs
* [http://www.whatreallyhappened.com/RANCHO/POLITICS/MENA/TATUM/tatum.html Chip Tatum - Assassin For The Whitehouse]
* [http://www.serendipity.li/cia.html The CIA - America's Premier International Terrorist Organization]
* [http://www.ciadrugs.com/ CIA Drugs - Defrauding America]
* [http://www.consortiumnews.com/2000/060800a.html Consortium News - CIA Admits Tolerating Contra- Cocaine Trafficking in 1980s] - 08/06/00
* [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/drugs/archive/gunsdrugscia.html Frontline: Guns, Drugs, and the CIA]
* [http://www.sonic.net/~doretk/Issues/97-08%20AUG/ciacovert.html North Coast Express - CIA Covert Actions and Drug Trafficking]
* [http://www.rationalrevolution.net/war/cia_drug_connection_under_reagan.htm Rational Revolution - The CIA Drug connection under Reagan]
* [http://www.salon.com/news/1999/03/05news.html Salon.com - Genocide, and drug-trafficking too] - 05/03/99
* [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2000/06/19/ED58466.DTL San Francisco Chronicle - What Will Congress Do About New CIA-Drug Revelations?] - 19/06/00
* [http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/CIA/CIADrugConfession.html Third World Traveller - CIA's Drug Confession] - 15/10/98
* [http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/CIA/CIAdrug_fallout.html Third World Traveller - Drug Fallout] - August 97
* [http://www.wethepeople.la/ciadrugs.htm We The People - CIA Drugs]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
CIA transnational anti-crime and anti-drug activities — This article deals with activities of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency related to transnational crime, including the illicit drug trade.Two offices of the CIA Directorate of Intelligence have analytical responsibilities in this area. The… … Wikipedia
CIA and Contras cocaine trafficking in the US — The involvement of the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in cocaine trafficking in Central America during the Reagan Administration as part of the Contra war in Nicaragua has been the subject of several official and journalistic… … Wikipedia
CIA activities in Cambodia — Main article: CIA activities in Asia and the Pacific Contents 1 Cambodia 1954 1.1 Cambodia 1967 1.2 Cambodia 1969 1.3 Cambodia 1970 … Wikipedia
CIA activities in Vietnam — Main article: CIA activities in Asia and the Pacific There are 174 National Intelligence Estimates dealing with Vietnam, issued by the Central Intelligence Agency after coordination with the intelligence community of the US government. They may… … Wikipedia
Drug policy of the United States — Drug use has increased in all categories since prohibition except that opium use is at a fraction of its peak level. The big decline in use of opium started already after the Harrison Act of 1914. Use of heroin peaked between 1969 and 1971 … Wikipedia
CIA activities in Nicaragua — Main article: CIA activities in the Americas Further information: Political history of Nicaragua and Reagan Doctrine Contents 1 Nicaragua 1982 1.1 Nicaragua 1984 1.1.1 Drug allegations … Wikipedia
Drug lord — A drug lord, drug baron or kingpin is the term used to describe a person who controls a sizable network of persons involved in the illegal drugs trade. Such figures are often difficult to bring to justice, as they might never be directly in… … Wikipedia
CIA transnational human rights actions — This article deals with those activities of the Central Intelligence Agency that preserve or violate human rights. General principlesIn 2003, Assistant Secretary of state for Human Rights Patricia Derian when she wrote, Through these [U.S.… … Wikipedia
CIA activities in Colombia — Main article: CIA activities in the Americas Contents 1 Colombia 1991 2 Colombia 1999 3 Colombia 2002 4 Colombia 2003 … Wikipedia
Drug policy in Laos — As of 1994, Laos was the world s third largest producer of opium, primarily in the northern provinces. Narcotics trafficking in Laos is difficult to control because of the remoteness of many border areas, their attendant lack of communications,… … Wikipedia