- Italian Peninsula
Th Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula ( _it. Penisola italiana or "Penisola appenninica") is one of the three
peninsulas of Southern Europe(the other two being the Iberian Peninsulaand Balkan Peninsula), spanning 1,000 km from the Po Valleyin the north to the central Mediterranean Seain the south. The peninsula is well-known for its bootshape, in fact it is known as "Lo Stivale" (Italian for "The boot".) Three smaller peninsulas contribute to giving the Italian Peninsula its characteristic shape, namely Calabria, Salentoand Gargano.
Nearly all of the peninsula is part of the state of
Italy, hence the name, apart from San Marinoand the Vatican City. Additionally, Sicilyand Maltaare considered as islands off the peninsula and in this sense geographically grouped along with it.
peninsulais bordered by the Tyrrhenian Seaon the west, the Ionian Seaon the south, and the Adriatic Seaon the east. The interior part of the Apennine Peninsula consists of the Apennine Mountains, from which it takes its name, the northern part is largely plains and the coasts are lined with cliffs.
This peninsula has mainly a
Mediterranean climate, though in the mountainous parts the climate is cooler. Its natural vegetation includes chaparraland deciduousand mixed deciduous coniferous forests.
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