Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian languages


Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian languages
Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian
Geographic
distribution:
South East Asia and the Pacific
Linguistic classification: Austronesian
Subdivisions:
Sunda–Sulawesi branches
Central–Eastern branches
Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian.svg
The principal branches of the Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian languages:
  Sunda–Sulawesi (Chamorro off-map)
  Central Malayo-Polynesian
  Eastern Malayo-Polynesian
  Oceanic (vast majority off-map)

The Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian languages are a branch of the Austronesian family, proposed by Wouk & Ross (2002), that are thought to have dispersed from a possible homeland in Sulawesi. They are called nuclear because they are the conceptual core of the Malayo-Polynesian family, including both Malay and Polynesian. Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian is found throughout Indonesia, apart from central Borneo, Sabah, and the north of Sulawesi, and into Melanesia and the Pacific.

Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian languages are those that have abandoned the Austronesian alignment inherited from proto-Malayo-Polynesian syntax. These include the traditional geographic groupings of Central Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, and part of Western Malayo-Polynesian, a part Wouk and Ross call Inner Western Malayo-Polynesian.

Inner Western Malayo-Polynesian (Sunda–Sulawesi) is therefore defined negatively, those languages of Sunda and Sulawesi not included in Central–Eastern Malayo-Polynesian. Central–Eastern is an areal group, divergent from the rest of Malayo-Polynesian due to non-Austronesian (Papuan) substrata rather than due to any genealogical relationship.

Contents

Languages

Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian is composed of a large number of smaller clades of uncertain affiliation. The following are largely uncontroversial as units:

ABVD (2008)

A 2008 analysis of the Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database found moderate lexical support for the syntactically defined Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian family, with a 75% confidence, within a fully supported Indo-Melanesian family (languages of Indonesia, Melanesia, and the Pacific, apart from northern Sulawesi). The structure of the family revealed by that provisional study, including the confidences for the unity of each branch to the nearest 5%, are as follows:

Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian (75%)

Notes

  1. ^ Sangir and Minahasan were excluded from Nuclear MP by Wouk & Ross (2002), and included with the Philippine languages (outside Nuclear MP) by Adelaar and Himmelmann (2005)
  2. ^ The connection between Nias and Central–Eastern Malayo-Polynesian is dubious, and has not been suggested by other researchers.

References

  • Fay Wouk and Malcolm Ross (ed.), 2002, The history and typology of western Austronesian voice systems. Australian National University.
  • K. Alexander Adelaar and Nikolaus Himmelmann, 2005, The Austronesian languages of Asia and Madagascar. Routledge.
  • Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database[1]



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malayo-Polynesian languages — Malayo Polynesian Geographic distribution: Southeast Asia and the Pacific Linguistic classification: Austronesian Paiwanic ? Malayo Polynesian Proto language …   Wikipedia

  • Central Malayo-Polynesian languages — Infobox Language family name=Central Malayo Polynesian region=Indonesia familycolor=Austronesian fam2=Malayo Polynesian (MP) fam3=Nuclear MP fam4=Central Eastern MP child1=Ten branches map caption=The Central MP languages (red). (In black is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Western Malayo-Polynesian languages — The Western Malayo Polynesian languages, also known as the Hesperonesian languages, are those Malayo Polynesian languages which are not in the Central Eastern branch. Since there are no features which define these languages positively as a group …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages — Infobox Language family name=Eastern Malayo Polynesian region=The Moluccas and the Pacific familycolor=Austronesian fam2=Malayo Polynesian (MP) fam3=Nuclear MP fam4=Central Eastern MP child1=S. Halmahera W. New Guinea child2=Oceanic|The family of …   Wikipedia

  • Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages — Infobox Language family name=Central Eastern Malayo Polynesian region=Indonesia and the Pacific familycolor=Austronesian fam2=Malayo Polynesian (MP) fam3=Nuclear Malayo Polynesian child1=Central MP child2=Eastern MP|The family of Central Eastern… …   Wikipedia

  • Malayo-Sumbawan languages — Malayo Sumbawan Geographic distribution: Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Vietnam, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara Linguistic classification: Austronesian Malayo Polynesian (MP) Nuclear MP …   Wikipedia

  • Polynesian languages — Polynesian Geographic distribution: Polynesia Linguistic classification: Austronesian Malayo Polynesian Oceanic Central Pacific …   Wikipedia

  • Nuclear Polynesian languages — Nuclear Polynesian Geographic distribution: Polynesia Linguistic classification: Austronesian Malayo Polynesian Oceanic Polynesian …   Wikipedia

  • East Fijian-Polynesian languages — Infobox Language family name=East Fijian Polynesian region=Fiji and Polynesia familycolor=Austronesian fam2=Malayo Polynesian fam3=Central Eastern Malayo Polynesian fam4=Eastern Malayo Polynesian fam5=Oceanic fam6=Central Eastern Oceanic… …   Wikipedia

  • Central Eastern Polynesian languages — Infobox Language family name=Central Eastern Polynesian region=Polynesian islands familycolor=Austronesian fam2=Malayo Polynesian (MP) fam3=Nuclear MP fam4=Central Eastern MP fam5=Eastern MP fam6=Oceanic fam7=Central Eastern fam8=Central Pacific… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.