- Trinity Cathedral, Saint Petersburg
The Trinity Cathedral ( _ru. Троицкий собор, "Troitsky sobor"), sometimes called the Troitsky Cathedral, in
Saint Petersburg, Russia, is a late example of the Empire style, built between 1828 and 1835 to a design by Vasily Stasov. It is located due south of the Admiralty on Izmaylovskiy Prospekt, not far from the Tekhnologichesky Institut Metro station.
The cathedral, which can accommodate up to 3,000 visitors, has only recently begun to be restored to its pre-Revolutionary splendor after years of neglect. In honor of the victory in the
Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878, when the Russians liberated Bulgariafrom the Ottoman domination, a memorial column was constructed in front of the northern facade of the cathedral in 1886. The cathedral became a part of the Saint Petersburg World Heritage Sitein 1990 [ [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/540/multiple=1&unique_number=635 "Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments"] .] .
August 25, 2006, with reconstruction work underway, the main dome of the Cathedral collapsed after a fire, as did one of the smaller domes. [ [http://en.rian.ru/russia/20060825/53157239.html "Restorers face long effort at Petersburg cathedral after fire] ] They do plan to rebuild, and estimate completion in 18 months.
According to the Russian tradition, each regiment of the imperial guards had its own cathedral. The Trinity Cathedral was the regimental church of the
Izmailovsky regimentof Imperial guards, one of the oldest guards regiments in the Russian Army. Named after the village of Izmailovo, near Moscow, the Izmailovsky regiment moved to Saint Petersburg when the city was established as the Russian capital under Empress Anne.
July 12, 1733, a large field tent operating as a church was consecrated here, with icons painted on a dark blue satin. However, the church functioned only in the summer, and in winter the soldiers and officers had to attend other parish churches. In 1754-1756, a wooden church was built on the site on order of Empress Elizabeth. The church had two altars, the main one of which was consecrated in the name of the Trinity. It suffered heavy damage as a result of the flood of 1824 and had to be rebuilt, a commission given by Emperor Nicholas Ito Vasily Stasov.
Construction of the present church
Construction of the new church began in May 1828, and despite several accidents hampering the work, the cathedral was consecrated in May 1835. The cathedral rises to a height of more than 80 meters, and dominates the skyline of the surrounding area. Memorial plaques to regimental officers killed in battle were mounted on the cathedral's wall. After the cathedral's opening, flags, keys from forts and other trophies that the regiment won in campaigns in 1854-1855 and 1877-1878 were also housed in the cathedral.
The Trinity Cathedral was renowned for its exemplary collection of
icons. The main section of the cathedral housed the Nativity icon, while the southern section housed the Jesus Christ icon. Empress Elizabeth presented the church with the Beginning of Life Trinity icon in 1742. Other holy objects housed in the cathedral included a large ark made in the form of a cross in 1753 from silver, a large silver cross presented to the cathedral by Nicholas I in 1835, and two large Gospels in valuable bindings.
In 1922, most of the cathedral's valuables were looted, and the thievery continued for several more years until the cathedral was finally closed in 1938. There were rumors of plans to demolish the cathedral and use the remaining material for a district workers' theatre. However, the cathedral was transferred to the Soviet Ministry of Telecommunications, for which it became a warehouse. Only in 1990 did the cathedral return to the hands of the
Russian Orthodox Church, when restoration began. By that time, the interior was largely bare, compared to the splendor and majesty of its pre-Revolutionary past.
August 25, 2006, while under reconstruction, a fire started from a restoration scaffolding collapsed the main dome, destroyed one of the four smaller domes and severely damaged the interior. [ru icon [http://www.interfax.ru/e/B/politics/28.html?id_issue=11578214 Interfax > Politics ] ] [ [http://en.rian.ru/russia/20060825/53157239.html RIA Novosti - Russia - Restorers face long effort at Petersburg cathedral after fire ] ]
The fire erupted in the early evening, just after 5 pm, and burned through scaffolding outside the central dome of the Cathedral, a duty officer at the Russian Emergency Situations Ministry said. The central dome collapsed and one of four smaller cupolas surrounding it was also destroyed, St. Petersburg emergency department spokeswoman Lyudmila Rubasova said. There were no reports of injuries.
Firefighters battled to save the other three cupolas as emergency workers and church employees removed icons and other religious articles. A helicopter brought in to fight the blaze dumped water on the historic structure. About four hours after the blaze broke out, Rubasova said one of the three remaining cupolas had been damaged but that the fire was contained. A department spokesman later confirmed that the fire had been extinguished.
The cause of the fire was not immediately known, but acting St. Petersburg emergency department chief Leonid Belyayev said the blaze apparently started on scaffolding on the outside of the church, which was undergoing restoration. He said the most valuable icons and other items had been saved, and that structural damage beneath the roof area was minor. [ru icon [http://www.interfax.ru/r/B/0/0.html?id_issue=11578344 Интерфакс ] ]
Although television reports showed the main dome collapsing, fire officials later tried hard to play down the damage. A spokesperson for the St. Petersburg emergency directorate refuted earlier media reports which claimed that at least two domes of the Cathedral had been destroyed, telling a news conference that none of the domes had actually collapsed - only the roofing has been destroyed. [ [http://www.mosnews.com/feature/2006/08/28/trinityfire.shtml Mosnews.com ] ] Governor
Valentina Matviyenkohas pledged to restore the cathedral within the shortest time possible, pledging to allocate 30 million rubles ($1.12 million) this year on preparations to rebuild a cathedral. [ [http://en.rian.ru/russia/20060829/53259451.html RIA Novosti - Russia - St. Petersburg to spend $1mln on cathedral work after fire ] ]
* Another Trinity Cathedral in the
Alexander Nevsky Monasterycomplex
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_pictures/5287862.stm BBC: Several pictures of the fire]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Transfiguration Cathedral (Saint Petersburg) — Transfiguration Cathedral (official name: ru. собор Преображения Господня всей гвардии, i.e., The Cathedral of the Lord s Transfiguration of all the Guards ) is an Eastern Orthodox cathedral belonging to the Diocese of St. Petersburg. It is… … Wikipedia
Saint Petersburg — Leningrad redirects here. For other uses, see Leningrad (disambiguation). This article is about the city in Russia. For other uses, see Saint Petersburg (disambiguation). Saint Petersburg Санкт Петербург (Russian) Federal … Wikipedia
Saint Petersburg — I City (pop., 2000: 248,232), west central Florida, U.S. It lies near the tip of Pinellas Peninsula, adjacent to Tampa Bay. Settled in 1876, it became in the late 1940s one of the first Florida cities to encourage tourists to spend their… … Universalium
Landmarks of Saint Petersburg — help to give the city its particular ambience.St. Petersburg s position below the Arctic Circle, on the same latitude as nearby Helsinki, Stockholm, Aberdeen and Oslo (60° N), causes twilight to last all night in May, June and July. This… … Wikipedia
List of buildings and structures in Saint Petersburg — This is a list of buildings and structures in Saint Petersburg, Russia.By alphabetical order* Admiralty Shipyard * Alexander Nevsky Lavra ** Tikhvin Cemetery * Angleterre Hotel * Anichkov Bridge * Anichkov Palace * Apraksin Dvor * Arbitration… … Wikipedia
Old Trinity Cathedral — A modern chapel commemorating the site of the Old Trinity Cathedral The Old Trinity Cathedral (also known as Peter s Trinity Cathedral, Троице Петровский собор) was the oldest church in St. Petersburg, Russia. It was there that Peter the Great… … Wikipedia
Liste der Kirchen von Sankt Petersburg — Dieser Artikel enthält Sakralbauten von Sankt Petersburg und dessen Umgebung – geordnet nach der Konfession (russisch orthodox, katholisch, evangelisch lutherisch), nach der Größe/der Bedeutung (Kathedralen, Pfarrkirchen, Kapellen), nach dem… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Liste von Kirchen in Sankt Petersburg — Dieser Artikel enthält Sakralbauten von Sankt Petersburg und dessen Umgebung – geordnet nach der Konfession (russisch orthodox, katholisch, evangelisch lutherisch), nach der Größe/ der Bedeutung (Kathedralen, Pfarrkirchen, Kapellen), nach dem… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Roskilde Cathedral — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Roskilde Cathedral State Party = DEN Type = Cultural Criteria = ii, iv ID = 695 Region = Europe and North America Year = 1995 Session = 19th Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/695Roskilde Cathedral ( da.… … Wikipedia
List of cathedrals — This is a list of cathedrals around the world, including both actual cathedrals (seats of bishops in episcopal denominations, such as Catholicism, Anglicanism, and Orthodoxy) and a few prominent churches from non episcopal denominations commonly… … Wikipedia