- Ludhiana district
Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
type = district
native_name = Ludhiana district
hq = Ludhiana
area_total = 3767
area_magnitude = 9
latd = 30
latm = 53
longd = 75
longm = 51
locator_position = left
state_name = Punjab
population_total = 3030352
population_total_cite = cref|‡
population_as_of = 2001
literacy = 76.54
website = www.ludhiana.nic.in
footnotes = cnote|‡|Population increase (1981–91): 24.79%
Ludhiana district is one of the 20 districts in the state of Punjab in North-West
India. Ludhianacity which is district headquarters is the hub of industry in Punjab. The main industries are bicycleparts and hosiery.
Ludhiana gets its name from the
Lodhi Dynasty, which is believed to have founded the city in 1480. During the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbarthe area formed part of the sarkaror Sirhind. In the latter period of Mughal rule the western part of the district was leased to the Raisof Raikot, by the early eighteen century they had become semi independent of the Mughals. In 1747 Ahmad Shah Durraniinvaded and battled the imperial army near Khanna, although the Mughals were able to stop Ahmad Shah - his subsequent invasions weakened the Mughals, which allowed the Rais to take control of Ludhianatown in 1760. [ [http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V16_206.gifImperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 200.] ]
During the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Ludhiana became an important British
cantonment. Initially, in 1805, Ranjit Singh occupied Ludhiana. However, in 1809, the British decided to curb his advance eastward and sent troops to confront him. Ranjit Singh was forced to sign the treaty of 'perpetual friendship' with the British, which confined his activities to the right bank of the Sutlej. British troops were permanently stationed in Ludhiana and the Cis-Sutlejstates came under British protection.
Ludhiana is one of the centrally located cities of Punjab, which is located on the
Grand Trunk Roadfrom Delhito Amritsarat latitude30.55 North& longitude75.54 Eastin the state of Punjab in Northern India.
Ludhiana is the most centrally located district which falls in the
Malwaregion of the state of Punjab. For administrative purposes it has been placed in the Patiala Division. It lies between north latitude 30°-34' and 31°-01' and east longitude 75°-18' and 76°-20'. It is bounded on the north by the Satluj River, which separates it from Jalandhar district. The river also forms its northern boundary with Hoshiarpur district. On other sides it shares common boundaries with Rupnagar districtin the east, Moga districtin the west, and Sangrur and Patiala districts in the south and southeast, respectively. [ [http://www.ludhiana.nic.in/html/history_location.html Ludhiana.nic.in] ]
The topography of the district is typical representative of an
alluvial plain. It owes its origin to the aggravation work of the Satluj River. The alluviumdeposited by the river has been worked over by the wind, which gave rise to a number of small dunes and sand mounds. Most of these dunes have been leveled by farmers of the district.
The district can be divided into the flood plain of the Satluj and the upland plain.
The climate of the district is characterized by dryness except a brief spell of
monsoonseason, a very hot summer and a bracing winter. The cold season is from mid-November to the early part of March. The succeeding period until the end of June is the hot season. July, August and half of September constitute the southwest monsoon. The period of mid-September to about the middle of November may be termed as post-monsoon or transitional period. June is generally the hottest month. Hot and scorching dust-laden winds blow during summer season. December and January are the coldest months.
The rainfall in the district increases from the southwest toward the northeast. About 70% of the rainfall is received during the period of July through September. The rainfall between December and March accounts for 16% of the rainfall the remaining 14% rainfall is received in the other months of the year.
Rivers and drains
Sutlejand its tributary, the Buddha Nala, constitute the chief hydrographic features of the district. A brief description of these is as follows.
; Sutlej River: originates from
Mansarovar Lakein Tibet. After flowing through Himachal Pradesh, it debouchesfrom the Shivaliks. Just about Rupnagar, 32 km east of the boundary of Samrala Tehsil, it flows due west along the top of the district for 96 km and turns, as it leaves JagraonTehsil, slightly north toward its junction with the Beasat Harike. It maintains an east-west direction. It can be devastating during floods. The Sutlej has experienced a westward drift during recent times. Old towns and villages, such as Bahlulpur, Machhiwara, and Kum Kalan, were built on its banks. The river has since been dammed at Bhakhra, which has considerably checked its flooding menace in the district.
; Buddha Nala: It runs parallel to the Satluj on its south for a fairly large section of its course in the district and ultimately joins the Satluj at
Gorsian Kadar Bakshin the northwestern corner of the district. It floods during the rainy season, but in the dry season it can be crossed on foot at certain points. Ludhiana and Machhiwara are situated to the south of the Buddha Nala. The water of the stream is polluted after it enters Ludhiana City.
Total geographical area of the district is 3767 km². The total population of the district as per 2001 census is 3,030,352 (rural: 1,339,566; urban: 1,690,786). The density of population per km² is 804 persons.
* Area (in km²): 3,767
* Total population: 3,030,352
** Male: 1,661,329
** Female: 1,369,023
** Females per thousand males: 824
* Density of population (per km²): 804
* Literacy%: 76.54
* % of workers in total population: -
* % increase in population (1981–91): 24.79
* % of SC population: -
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ludhiana — This article is about the municipality in Punjab, India. For its namesake district, see Ludhiana district. For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. Ludhiana city … Wikipedia
District de Ludhiana — (ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ ਜ਼ਿਲਾ) Localisation sur la carte du Penjab Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Ludhiana — 30° 55′ N 75° 51′ E / 30.91, 75.85 … Wikipédia en Français
Doraha, Ludhiana — Doraha city Coordinates Country India State Punjab … Wikipedia
Mullanpur, Ludhiana — Mullanpur city … Wikipedia
Moga district — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Moga, Punjab. Districts of Punjab along with their headquarters Moga district (Doabi:ਮੋਗਾ ਜ਼ਿਲਾ) is one of the Twenty districts in the state of Punjab in North West Republic… … Wikipedia
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district — Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district … Wikipedia
Sangrur district — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Sangrur | type = district| latd = 30.23 | longd = 75.83 locator position = right | state name = Punjab district = Sangrur district leader title = leader name = altitude = 232 population as of = 2001… … Wikipedia
Mansa district, Punjab — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Mansa, Punjab. Mansa district … Wikipedia
Mohali district — Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar district … Wikipedia