Nishan-e-Haider Awarded by Pakistan Type Gallantry Award Eligibility Military only (Conferable on all ranks) Awarded for "... to those who have performed acts of greatest heroism or most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme danger and have shown bravery of the highest order or devotion to the country, in the presence of the enemy on land, at sea or in the air ..." Status Currently awarded Post-nominals NH Statistics Established 16 March 1957 First awarded First Kashmir War, 1948 Last awarded Havildar Lalak Jan Shaheed, 1999 Total awarded 10 Posthumous
all Precedence Next (higher) None Next (lower) (2) Hilal-i-Jurat
Nishan-e-Haider or Nishan-e-Hyder (Urdu: نشان حیدر, translated as "Emblem of Haider, where Haider is the epithet of Hazrat Ali and means Lion", abbreviated as NH) is the highest military decoration given by Pakistan (it is the equivalent to the Victoria Cross and the Medal of Honor under the British Honours System and the United States Honors System respectively). It was established in 1957 after Pakistan became a Republic, however, it was instituted retrospectively from Independence in 1947. It is awarded to military personnel, regardless of rank, for extraordinary bravery in combat. The award is considered to be the highest military award and is only awarded to those who have sacrificed their life. Its exclusivity may be gauged by the fact that since it was established only 11 awards have been made, along with one equivalent award. To date all awards have been made posthumously. However, death of the individual during the act of extreme courage is not mandatory for qualification for Nishan-e-Haider. Of the 10 recipients, 9 have been from the Pakistan Army, one has been from the Pakistan Air Force and no one from Pakistan Navy.
- Category: Operational (Awarded to deceased members of the Pakistani Military Forces whose death occurred during times of conflict)
- Definition: It is the highest Military award and holds seniority among civil and military awards. It is open to all ranks for acts of heroism/conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme danger or devotion to the country in the presence of the enemy on land, at sea or in the air.
- Manufacture: It is made from the surrendered enemy gun made with metal.
To date, no living person has received the award.
- Captain Muhammad Sarwar Shaheed (1910–July 27, 1948), 2/1st Punjab
- Major Muhammad Tufail Shaheed (1914–August 7, 1958), East Pakistan Rifles
- Major Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed (1928–September 10, 1965), 17 Punjab
- Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed (1938–1971), 4 FF
- Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas Shaheed (1951–August 20, 1971), PAF Training Squadron
- Major Shabbir Sharif Shaheed (1943–December 6, 1971), 6 FF
- Sowar Muhammad Hussain Shaheed (1949–December 10, 1971), 20 Lancers
- Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz Shaheed (1944–December 17, 1971), 15 Punjab
- Captain Karnal Sher Khan Shaheed (1970–July 5, 1999), 12 NLI
- Havildar Lalak Jan Shaheed (1967–July 7, 1999), 12 NLI
- Awards and decorations of the Pakistan Armed Forces
- Pakistan Military
- ^ PAF Combat website on military awards
- ^ Robertson, Megan. "Order of Haider (Nishan-i-Haider)". Medals.org. http://www.medals.org.uk/pakistan/pakistan001.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
- ^ "Honours and Awards". Pakistan Army. http://www.pakistanarmy.gov.pk/AWPReview/TextContent.aspx?pId=32&rnd=182. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
- Official list of Pakistan Army recipients of the Nishan-e-Haider
- Official list of Pakistan Air Force recipients of the Nishan-e-Haider
Pakistan Honours and Military DecorationsGallantry Awards• Nishan-i-Haider Medal (Sign of the Lion) (1st Highest Award) • Hilal-i-Jur'at Medal (Cresent of Courage) (2nd Highest Award) • Sitara-i-Jur'at Medal (Star of Courage) (3rd Highest Award) • Tamgha-i-Jur'at (Medal of Courage) (4th Highest Award) • Imtiazi Sanad Medal (Mention in Despatches) (5th Highest Award)Non-Operational
Enemy Engagement)Civillian Military AwardsHighest military awards for gallantry
Argentine Nation to the Heroic Valour in Combat Cross (Argentina) · National Hero of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan) · Bir Sreshtho (Bangladesh) · Hero of Belarus (Belarus) · Hero's Medal (China) · Cross of Liberty (Estonia) · Mannerheim Cross (Finland) · Légion d'honneur (France) · Cross of Honour for Bravery (Germany) · Cross of Valour (Greece) · Param Vir Chakra (India) · Medal of Valor (Israel) · Gold Medal of Military Valor (Italy) · Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa (Malaysia) · Military William Order (Netherlands) · Nishan-e-Haider (Pakistan) · Medal of Valor (Philippines) · Virtuti Militari (Poland) · Order of Michael the Brave (Romania) · Hero of the Russian Federation (Russian Federation) · Nkwe ya Gauta (South Africa) · Laureate Cross of St. Ferdinand (Spain) · Parama Weera Vibhushanaya (Sri Lanka) · Order of Rama (Thailand) · Hero of Ukraine (Ukraine) · Victoria Cross (United Kingdom • Australia • Canada • New Zealand) · Medal of Honor (United States)
Military Order of Maria Theresa (Austria–Hungary) · Medal of Bravery (Kingdom of Hungary) · Pour le Mérite (Kingdom of Prussia) · Military Order of Max Joseph (Kingdom of Bavaria) · Military Order of St. Henry (Kingdom of Saxony) · Military Merit Order (Kingdom of Württemberg) · Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Nazi Germany) · Order of the Golden Kite (Empire of Japan) · Grand Cross of Valour (Rhodesia) · Castle of Good Hope Decoration (South Africa) · Vietnam Military Merit Medal (South Vietnam) · Hero of the Soviet Union (Soviet Union) · Order of Lāčplēsis (Latvia) · Order of Yugoslav Star (Yugoslavia)
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