- List of Russian Navy cruisers
Currently, only the navies of Russia and the United States operate modern vessels classified as
cruisers. Russia currently operates eight, one of which is only nominally in commission and has not put to sea since 1991 (Kirov-class "Admiral Ushakov"), and one of which is under construction (Slava-class "Admiral Lobov").
The vessels of the "Kirov" class are the world's largest cruisers, and for this reason they are generally referred to as a
battlecruisers. Two "Kirov" battlecruisers are currently in service, the RFS "Admiral Nakhimov" and RFS "Pyotr Velikiy". In the last 6 years, the "Pyotr Velikiy" (Peter the Great) has participated in numerous military exercises, with President Vladimir Putinbeing on board during the last one. The older "Admiral Nakhimov" was repaired and returned to service in 2005.
"Kirov" class battlecruisers are outfitted with a very large number of weapons systems as well as modern electrical equipment, and are fully capable of fighting a large number of sea-, air- and land-based enemy targets
In commission, laid up
* RFS "Pyotr Veliky"
* RFS "Admiral Nakhimov"
The "Slava" class was designed as a less radical back-up to the aforementioned "Kirov"s, providing most of the facilities of the larger ships in a considerably smaller, gas turbine-powered hull. The main armament is made up of sixteen SS-N-12 "Sandbox" launchers, mounted in eight pairs on either side of the forward superstructure. These launchers are fixed at an angle of some 15°. Over-the-horizon targeting for SS-N-12 systems is provided by helicopter or Punch Bowl Satcom.
The "Slava" class was designed as part of a new strategy of creating bastions for
ballistic missile submarines. Project 1143 and 1164 ships were to protect these bastions, and the new SS-N-12 missile was designed to strike major enemy anti-submarine warfareunits.
One of the other major roles of this cruiser type is to hunt down and destroy enemy
aircraft carriers, and other heavy ships. Her SA-N-6 Grumblelong-range SAMs can defend an entire strike group against enemy aircraft and missiles.
* RFS "Admiral Lobov"
* RFS "Marshal Ustinov"
* RFS "Moskva"
* RFS "Varyag"
aircraft carriers are designated as heavy aviation cruisers by the Russian Navy so they can be allowed to transit the Bosphorusstrait. The flight deck area of the class is 14,700 square meters, and aircraft takeoff is assisted by a bow ski jump angled at 12° in lieu of steam catapults. Two starboard lifts carry aircraft from the hangar to the flight deck. The ship was designed with the capacity to support 16 Yakovlev Yak-41M (which was cancelled) and 12 Sukhoi Su-27K fixed-wing aircraft and a range of Kamov Ka-27helicopters. The ship has a "Granit" anti-ship missile system equipped with 12 surface-to-surface missile launchers. The air defence gun and missile system includes the "Klinok" / SA-N-9 Gauntletair defence missile system with 24 vertical launchers and 192 surface-to-air missiles, plus 8 CADS-N-1 KashtanCIWS mounts. The system defends the ship against anti-ship missiles, aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles and surface ships. The ship is also equipped with an UDAV-1 integrated anti-submarine system with 60 anti-submarine missiles.
Currently, the only ship ever commissioned in the class, the "Kuznetsov", operates 24
Sukhoi Su-33, unknown numbers of Sukhoi Su-25UTGand 24 Kamov Ka-27helicopters for use in various roles, such as long range radar, anti-submarine and other uses.
* "Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetsov"
* Comprehensive Russian Military Analysis [http://www.warfare.ru/?linkid=1720&catid=243&type=cruisers www.warfare.ru]
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