Year 40 was a
leap year starting on Friday(link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.__NOTOC__
* The emperor
Caligulais consulwithout colleague.
* Caligula embarks on a campaign to conquer Britain, and fails miserably.
Noricumand Mauretaniaare incorporated into the Roman Empire.
* Caligula transforms the principate into a Hellenistic
Autocracy. He distributes honors carelessly, declares himself a god and orders that all the heads of the Greek statues be replaced by his. He also appoints his horse a senator.
* The Germanic
Quaditribe begin settling in present-day Moraviaand Slovakia.
Arts and sciences
Philoteaches that all men are born free.
Christianitycomes to Egyptas a church is founded in Alexandria. Mark the Evangelistfounds the Coptic Orthodox Churchas the first pope.
* An early Christian church is erected at
Corinth(most probable date).
* The Jewish festival of
Pesach(Passover) is adopted by the Christians and renamed Easter.
Pedanius Dioscorides, Greek physician
Frontinus, Roman general and military author
Dio Chrysostom, Greek philosopher and historian
July 13— Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman governor of Britain
Claudia Octavia, daughter of Claudiusand Messalina. (d. 62)
* Empress Ma of the
Han Dynasty(d. 79)
* January — Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, husband of
Agrippina the younger, brother-in-law of Caligula( dropsy)
Ptolemy of Mauretania(executed by Caligula)
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