Place names in Irish


Place names in Irish

Many place names in Ireland in the English language are either anglicisations of those in the Irish language, or completely different, such as the name for the capital of Ireland, which in English is Dublin, but in Irish is Baile Átha Cliath. The former means "black hole/pool" (anglicised from "dubh" and "linn") and the latter means "town of the hurdle ford". After the foundation of the Irish Free State in 1922, some names were changed including Kingstown in County Dublin, which was changed back to the original Dún Laoghaire (pronEng|dʌn ˈlɪəri by English speakers, and IPA2|duːn ˈɫeːrʲə by Irish speakers) and Queenstown in County Cork reverted to Cóbh (IPA| [koːv] ). King's County and Queen's County were renamed County Offaly and County Laois respectively in 1921.

Pursuant to the "Official Languages Act, 2003" and the advice of the "Coimisiún Logainmneacha" (Place-Names Commission), the statutory instrument 59 of 2005 "Placenames (Centres of Population and Districts) Order 2005" was issued listing the equivalent in the Irish language of place-names specified in the Order with its English form. The Irish words then had the same meaning and same force and effect as the place-name. This order lists a little fewer than 2,000 place-names, many of which were changed from the Irish form used since independence, e.g. Bray went from Brí Chualann to Bré and Naas changed from Nás na Rí to An Nás.

In the Republic, both Irish and English names have equal status and are displayed on road and signs, although postmarks are only in Irish. In Northern Ireland, the new recognition of the status of the Irish language does not extend to bilingual roadsigns - it is down to individual district councils to decide to place them. At the moment, only Fermanagh has Irish language roadsigns, and is this case, it is only on indicative signs and not directional ones. Some towns in Omagh District Council and Cookstown District Council also display bilingual names on some welcome signs (eg. "OMAGH" "An Ómaigh"). Many road signs in Magherafelt District Council are displayed bilingually, including all road signs in Bellaghy.

The name of Ireland itself comes from the Irish name, "Éire", affixed to the Germanic root, '-land'. According to mythology, Éire was an ancient Celtic princess ("see Ériu").

Etymology

Common words found in Irish place names include:

*Agha- "achadh" - 'field' (e.g. Aghaboe)
*Ard- "ard" - 'high' (e.g. Ardara)
*Ath- "áth" - 'ford' (e.g. Athlone)
*Bally- "baile" - 'town' or 'Mouth of a river' (e.g. Ballybay)
*-beg "beag" - 'small' (e.g. Killybegs)
*Bel- "béal" - 'mouth, i.e. mouth of a river' (e.g. Belfast)
*Ban-/Ben-/Bin- "beann" - 'peak or point' (e.g. Bangor)
*Bun- "bun" - 'bottom or mouth of river' (e.g. Bundoran)
*Capp- "ceapach" - 'plot or tillage' (e.g. Cappoquin)
*Carry/Carrick/Carrig- "carraig" - 'rock' (e.g. Carrickmacross)
*Clon- "cluain" - 'meadow' (e.g. Clontibret)
*Coom- "cúm" - 'hollow'
*Cor- "cor" - 'small round hill' (e.g. Corblonog)
*Cul-/Cool- "cúl" - 'back' (e.g. Coolmine)
*Cul-/Cool- "cuil" - 'corner' (e.g. Coolock)
*Derry- "doire" - 'grove' (e.g. Derry)
*Dona- "domhnach" - 'church' (e.g. Donagh)
*Drohed- "Droichead" - 'bridge' (e.g. Drogheda)
*Drom-/Drum-/-drum "Droim" - 'ridge or hillock' (e.g. Dundrum)
*Dun- "dún" - 'fort' (e.g. Dungannon)
*Ennis- "Inis" - 'island, strand or water meadow' (e.g. Enniskillen)
*Esk-/Eish- "eiscir" - 'Esker'
*Fin- "fionn" - 'clear or white' (e.g. Finglas)
*Glas- "glas" - 'stream' (e.g. Glasnevin)
*Glen- "gleann" - 'valley' (e.g. Glenties)
*Inish- "inis" - 'island, strand or water meadow' (e.g. Inishcrone)
*Kill-/Kil- "cill" - 'church' (e.g. Kildare) or "coill" - 'forest' [Joyce calculates that at least 700 of the "kil(l)-" placenames, usually taken to mean "church", actually refer to woods that no longer exist. [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/E900000-001/index.html] ]
*Kil- "coill" - 'wood' (e.g. Kilmore)
*Knock- "cnoc" - 'hill' (e.g. Knockatallon)
*Letter- "leitir" - 'hillside' (e.g. Letterkenny)
*Lis- "lios" - 'ring fort' (e.g. Lisburn)
*Lough- "loch" - 'lake' (e.g. Loughrea)
*Maum- "mám" - 'mountain pass' (e.g. Maum)
*Magha-/Maga- "machaire or maigh" - 'plain' (e.g. Magherafelt)
*May-/Moy- "má" - 'plain' (e.g. Maynooth)
*Mulla-/Mala- "mullach" - 'summit' (e.g. Mullaghmore)
*Mullin- "muileann" - 'mill' (e.g. Mullingar)
*-more "mor" - 'big or large' (e.g. Tullamore)
*Poll-/Poul- "poll" - 'hole' (e.g. Poulaphouca)
*Port- "port" - 'stronghold' (e.g. Portlaoise) 'or landing place' (e.g. Portmarnock)
*Rath-/Rah- "rath" - 'fort' (e.g. Raheny)
*-roe "rua(dh)" - 'red'
*Ros(s)- "ros" - 'wood'
*Shan- "sean" - 'old' (e.g Shandon)
*Sheskin- "Seiscenn" - 'marsh, bog or quagmire' (e.g. Sheskin)
*Slieve- "sliabh" - 'mountain' (e.g. Sliabh Beagh)
*Termon- "termon" - 'church lands' or 'place of sanctury' (e.g. Termon)
*Tra- "trá" - 'beach or strand' (e.g. Tramore)
*Tuam- "tuaim" - 'burial mound' (e.g. Tuam)
*Tulla-/Tulra- "tulach" - 'hillock or mount' (e.g. Tullamore)

Names of provinces

The four provinces ("cúigí" - singular: "cúige") are known as:

*Connacht - Connacht(a) / Cúige Chonnacht - meaning "Conn's land"
*Munster - An Mhumhain / Cúige Mumhan - meaning "Land of Mumha's men"
*Leinster - Laighin / Cúige Laighean - meaning "Land of Broad Spears"
*Ulster - Ulaidh / Cúige Uladh - meaning "Land of Ulaid's men"

The word "cúige" originally meant 'a fifth', as in one-fifth part of Ireland, and comes from the fact that Meath, as seat of the High King of Ireland, was once a province in its own right, incorporating modern counties Meath, Westmeath and parts of surrounding counties. Meath was later absorbed into Leinster.

Names of counties

Most of the counties were named after a town in that county, usually an administrative centre. Some of these towns, such as Louth, have declined into small villages or have lost their county town status to other towns. Counties not named after towns include County Fermanagh, County Kerry and County Westmeath.

The 32 counties ("contaetha" - singular: "contae") of Ireland are known as:

* County Antrim - Aontroim / Co. Aontroma - meaning "Solitary Farm"
* County Armagh - Ard Mhacha / Co. Ard Mhacha - meaning "Macha's Height"
* County Carlow - Ceatharlach / Co. Cheatharlaigh - meaning "Abounding in cattle", not "four lakes" as some might assume
* County Cavan - An Cabhán / Co. an Chabháin - meaning "The Hollow"
* County Clare - An Clár / Co. an Chláir - meaning "Level Land"
* County Cork - Corcaigh / Co. Chorcaí - meaning "Marsh"
* County Donegal - Dún na nGall / Co. Dhún na nGall - meaning "Fort of the Foreigners" (Vikings) "or" Tír Chonaill / Co. Thír Chonaill - meaning "Conal's land"
* County Down - An Dún / Co. an Dúin - meaning "The Fort"
* County Dublin - Áth Cliath / Co. Átha Cliath - meaning "Town by the Hurdle ford"
* County Fermanagh - Fear Manach / Co. Fhear Manach - meaning "Men (tribe) of Monach"
* County Galway - Gaillimh / Co. na Gaillimhe - meaning "Rocky/Stony River"
* County Kerry - Ciarraí / Co. Chiarraí - the descendants of (tribe) of Ciar
* County Kildare - Cill Dara / Co. Chill Dara - meaning "Church by the Oak"
* County Kilkenny - Cill Chainnigh / Co. Chill Chainnigh - meaning "Canice's Church"
* County Laois - Laois / Co. Laoise - named after Lughaidh Laeighseach, a chieftain
* County Leitrim - Liatroim / Co. Liatroma - meaning "Grey Ridge"
* County Limerick - Luimneach / Co. Luimnigh - meaning "Bare Land"
* County Londonderry - Doire / Co. Dhoire - meaning "Oak Wood"
* County Longford - Longfort / Co. Longfoirt - meaning "Fortress"
* County Louth - Lú / Co. Lú - originally Lughbhadh, which was named after the Celtic god Lugh. Does not mean "smallest".
* County Mayo - Maigh Eo / Co. Mhaigh Eo - meaning "Plain of the Yews"
* County Meath - An Mhí / Co. na Mí - meaning "Middle", because it was the middle province
* County Monaghan - Muineachán / Co. Mhuineacháin - meaning "Place of Thickets"
* County Offaly - Uibh Fhailí / Co. Uibh Fhailí - derived from "Ua Fáilghe" meaning "Descendants of Fáilghe"
* County Roscommon - Ros Comáin / Co. Ros Comáin - meaning "Corman's wood"
* County Sligo - Sligeach / Co. Shligigh - meaning "Shell-river"
* County Tipperary - Tiobraid Árainn / Co. Thiobraid Árainn - meaning "House of the Well of Ara"
* County Tyrone - Tír Eoghain / Co. Thír Eoghain - meaning "Eoghan's Land"
* County Waterford - Port Láirge / Co. Phort Láirge - "Waterford" comes from the Viking "Vadre fjord"
* County Westmeath - An Iarmhí / Co. na hIarmhí - the western part of the old Meath
* County Wexford - Loch Garman / Co. Loch Garman - "Wexford" comes from the Viking "Hvitar fjordr" meaning "white fjord". Loch Garman/Loch Gorman/Loch gCorman means Gorman's Lake
* County Wicklow - Cill Mhantáin / Co. Chill Mhantáin - meaning "Mantan's Church"; "Wicklow" comes from the Viking "Vikingarlo"

Names of cities

* Belfast - Béal Feirste
* Cork - Corcaigh
* Derry - Doire "or" Doire Cholm Cille
* Dublin - Baile Átha Cliath
* Galway - Gaillimh
* Kilkenny - Cill Chainnigh
* Limerick - Luimneach
* Lisburn - Lios na Bruidhne
* Newry - Iúr Cinn Trá "or" an tIúr
* Waterford - Port Láirge

Names of towns

* Abbeyleix - Mainistir Laoise
* Antrim - Aontroim
* Ardee - Baile Átha Fhirdhia
* Ardmore - AirdMór
* Arklow - An tInbhear Mór
* Armagh - Ard Mhacha
* Ashbourne - Cill Dhéagláin
* Athlone - Baile Átha Luain
* Athenry - Baile Átha an Rí
* Aughrim (several) - Eachroim "or" Eachdhroim
* Balbriggan - Baile Brigín
* Ballina - Béal an Átha "or" Béal Átha an Fheadha
* Ballinrobe - Baile an Róba
* Ballinasloe - Béal Átha na Sluaighe
* Ballycastle - Baile an Chaisil
* Ballymena - An Baile Meánach
* Ballyshannon - Béal Átha Seanaidh
* Baltimore - Dún na Séad
* Bangor - Beannchar
* Belmullet - Béal an Mhuirthid
* Blackrock - Carraig Dhubh
* Borris - Buiríos Uí Léigh
* Borris-in-Ossory - Buiríos Osraí
* Boyle - Mainistir na Buaille
* Bray - Brí Chualann
* Caherciveen - Cathair Saidhbhín
* Cahir - Cathair Dún Iascaigh
* Cappoquin - Ceapach Chaoin
* Carlow - Ceatharlach
* Carrickfergus - Carraig Fhearghasa
* Carrick-on-Shannon - Cora Droma Rúisc
* Carrigaline - Carraig Uí Leighin
* Cashel - Caiseal (Mumhan)
* Castlebar - Caisleán an Bharraigh
* Castleconnell - Caisleán Uí gConaing
* Castlederg - Caisleán na Deirge
* Castleisland - Oileán Chiarraí
* Castlerea - an Caisleán Riabhach
* Castletownbere - Baile Chaisleáin Bhéara
* Cavan - an Cábhán
* Celbridge - Cill Droichid
* Claremorris - Clár Chlainne Mhuiris
* Clifden - An Clochán
* Clones - Cluain Eois
* Clonmel - Cluain Meala
* Cloughjordan - Cloch Shiurdáin
* Coalisland - Oileán an Ghuail
* Cobh - An Cóbh
* Coleraine - Cúil Raithne
* Cookstown - An Chorr Chríochach
* Dalkey - Deilginis
* Dingle - Daingean (Uí Chúis)
* Donegal - (Baile) D(h)ún na nGall
* Downpatrick - Dún Phádraig
* Draperstown - Baile na Croise
* Drogheda - Droichead Átha
* Dundalk - Dún Dealgan
* Dungannon - Dún Geanainn
* Dungarvan - Dún Garbháin
* Dunmanway - Dúnmaonmhuí
* Ennis - Inis
* Enniscorthy - Inis Córthaidh
* Enniskillen - Inis Ceithleann
* Eyrecourt - Dún an Uchta
* Fermoy - Mainistir Fhear Maí
* Foynes - Faing
* Foxford - Béal Easa
* Glasnevin - Glas Naíon
* Gorey - Guaire
* Gort - Gort Inse Guaire
* Greystones - Na Clocha Liatha
* Gweedore - Gaoth Dobhair
* Kanturk - Ceann Toirc
* Kells - Ceanannas
* Kilcock - Cill Choca
* Kildare - Cill Dara
* Kilmainham - Cill Mhaighneann
* Killala - Cill Ala
* Killaloe - Cill Dalua
* Killarney - Cill Áirne
* Killiney - Cill Iníon Léinín
* Killybegs - Na Cealla Beaga
* Kinsale - Ceann tSáile
* Knock - Cnoc Mhuire
* Leixlip - Léim an Bhradáin
* Letterkenny - Leitir Ceanainn
* Lifford - Leifear
* Lisdoonvarna - Lios Dúin Bhearna
* Loughrea - Baile Locha Riach
* Louisburgh - Cluain Cearbáin
* Lucan - Leamhcán
* Lurgan - An Lorgain
* Malahide - Mullach Íde
* Mallow - Maigh Eala (preferred and historical) or Mala
* Maynooth - Maigh Nuad
* Midleton - Mainistir na Corann
* Milltown Malbay - Sráid na Cathrach
* Millstreet - Sráid an Mhuilinn
* Monaghan - Muineachán
* Mullingar - An Muileann gCearr
* Mulranny - Maoil Raithne
* Naas - Nás na Rí
* Navan - An Uaimh
* Nenagh - an tAonach "or" Aonach Urmhumhan
* Newcastle (many throughout Ireland) - an Caisleán Nua
* Newbridge - An Droichead Nua
* Newport, County Mayo - Baile Uí Fhiacháin
* Newport, County Tipperary - Tulach Sheasta
* New Ross - Ros Mhic Triúin
* Newtownabbey - Baile na Mainistreach
* Newtownards - Baile Nua na hArda
* Omagh - An Ómaigh
* Portadown - Port an Dúnáin
* Roscrea - Roscré
* Roscommon - Ros Comáin
* Rosslare - Ros Láir
* Shannonbridge - Rachra
* Shankill - Sean Chill
* Skerries - Na Sceirí
* Sligo - Sligeach
* Spiddal - An Spidéal
* Strabane - an tSraith Bhán
* Strokestown - Mainistir na mBuillí
* Swords - Sórd
* Tallaght - Tamhlacht "or" Tamhlacht na Lobhar
* Thurles - Dúrlas Éile
* Tipperary - Tiobrad Árann
* Tralee - Trá Lí
* Tramore - an Trá Mhór
* Tuam - Tuaim (dhá Ghualainn)
* Tullow - an Tulach
* Tullamore - an Tulach Mhór
* Westport - Cathair na Mart
* Wexford - Loch Garman
* Wicklow - Cill Mhantáin
* Youghal - Eochaill

Names of streets and areas

* The Shankill - "Seanchille"
* Falls Road - "Bóthar na bhFál"
* O'Connell Street - "Sráid Uí Chonaill"
* Grand Parade (Cork) - "Sráid an Chapaill Bhuí (Street of the Yellow /Pale Horse)"
* Patrick Street - "Sráid Phádraig"

Names of countries, states, provinces and cities outside Ireland

* Afghanistan - An Afganastáin
** Kabul - Cabúl
* Albania - An Albáin
* Algeria - An Ailgéir
** Algiers - Cathair na hAilgéire
* Andorra - Andóra
* Angola - Angóla
* Antigua and Barbuda - Antigua agus Barbúda
* Argentina - An Airgintín
* Armenia - An Airméin
* Australia - An Astráil
* Austria - An Ostair
** Vienna - Vín
* Azerbaijan - An Asarbaiseáin
* Bahamas - Na Bahámaí
* Bahrain - Bairéin
* Bangladesh - An Bhangladéis
* Barbados - Barbadós
* Belarus - An Bhealarúis
** Minsk - Minsc
* Belgium - An Bheilg
** Antwerp - Antuairp
** Brussels - An Bhruiséil
** Ostend - Ostainn
* Belize - An Bheilís
* Bhutan - An Bhútáin
* Bolivia - An Bholaiv
* Bosnia-Herzegovina - An Bhoisnia Heirseagaivéin
** Sarajevo - Sairéavó
* Botswana - An Bhotsuáin
* Brazil - An Bhrasaíl
* Brunei - Brúiné
* Bulgaria- An Bhulgáir
** Sofia - Sóifia
* Burkina Faso - Buircíne Fasó
* Burundi - An Bhurúin
* Cambodia - An Chambóid
* Cameroon - Camarún
* Canada - Ceanada
** Newfoundland - Talamh an Éisc
** Nova Scotia - Alba Nua
** Quebec - Québec Fact|date=October 2007
*** Montreal - Montréal Fact|date=October 2007
* Cape Verde - Rinn Verde
* Central African Republic - Poblacht na hAfraice Láir
* Chad - Sead
* Channel Islands - Oileáin Mhuir nIocht
* Chile - An tSile
** Santiago - Saintiagó
* China - An tSín
** Beijing - Béising
* Colombia - An Cholóim
* Comoros - Oileáin Chomóra
* Congo - An Congó
** Kinshasa - Cinseasa
* Côte d'Ivoire - An Cósta Eabhair
** Abidjan - Abaisean
* Croatia - An Chróit
** Zagreb - Ságrab
* Cuba - Cúba
* Cyprus - An Chipir
** Lefkosia - An Leafcóis
* Czech Republic - Poblacht na Seice
** Prague - Prág
* Denmark - An Danmhairg
** Copenhagen - Cóbanhávan
* Djibouti - Djibouti
* Dominica - Dominica
* Dominican Republic - An Phoblacht Dhoiminiceach
* East Timor - Tíomór Thoir
* Ecuador - Eacuadór
** Quito - Caíteo
* El Salvador - An tSalvadóir
* Egypt - An Éigipt
** Alexandra - Cathair Alastair
** Cairo - Caireo
** Luxor - Lucsar
** Suez - Suais
* England - Sasana
** Bristol - Briostó
** Cornwall - Corn na Breataine
** Glastonbury - Glaistimbir / Glaistimbir na nGael / Gloineistir
** Liverpool - Learpholl
** London - Londain
** Manchester - Manchain
** Newcastle - An Caisleán Nua
** York - Eabhrac
* Equatorial Guinea - An Ghuine Mheánchiorclach / An Ghuine Mheánchriosach
* Eritrea - An Eiritré
* Estonia - An Eastóin
* Ethiopia - An Aetóip
** Addis Ababa - Adas Ababa
* Faroe Islands - Oileáin Fharó
* Fiji - Fidsí
* Finland - An Fhionlainn
** Helsinki - Heilsincí
* France - An Fhrainc
** Brittany- An Bhriotáin
** Paris - Páras
* Gabon - An Ghabúin
* Gambia - An Ghaimbia
* Georgia - An tSeoirsia
* Germany - An Ghearmáin
** Berlin - Beirlín
* Ghana - Gána
* Gibraltar - Giobráltar
* Greece - An Ghréig
** Alexandroupoli - Deidéagait / Dedéagach
** Athens - An Aithin
** Mytilene - Mitiléine
** Piraeus - Piréas
* Greenland - An Ghraonlainn
* Grenada - Grenada
* Guatemala - Guatamala
* Guinea - An Ghuine
* Guinea-Bissau - Guine Bhissau
* Guyana - An Ghuáin
* Haiti - Háití
* Honduras - Hondúras
* Hungary - An Ungáir
** Budapest - Búdaipeist
* Iceland - An Íoslainn
** Reykjavík - Réicivíc
* India - An Ind
** Bhopal - Bópal
** Delhi - Deilí
** Kolkata - Calcúta
** New Delhi - Nua-Deilí
* Indonesia - An Indinéis
** Jakarta - Iacárta
* Isle of Man - Oileán Mhanann
* Israel - Iosrael
** Beersheba - Béar Seaba
** Jerusalem - Iarúsailéim
* Iran - An Iaráin
** Susa - Súsa
* Iraq - An Iaráic
** Baghdad - Bagdad
* Ireland - Éire
* Italy - An Iodáil
** Florence - Flórans
** Milan - Milano
** Pompeii - Poimpé
** Rome - An Róimh
** Venice - An Veinéis
* Jamaica - Iamáice
* Japan - An tSeapáin
** Kyoto - Kiótó
** Tokyo - Tóiceo
* Jordan - An Iordáin
* Kazakhstan - An Chasacstáin
* Kenya - An Chéinia
* Kiribati - Cireabaití
* Korea - An Chóiré
* Kosovo - An Chosaiv
* Kuwait - Cuáit
* Kyrgyzstan - An Chirgeastáin
* Laos - Laos
* Latvia - An Laitvia
** Riga - Ríge
* Lebanon - An Liobáin
** Beirut - Béiriút
* Lesotho - Leosóta
* Liberia - An Libéir
* Libya - An Libia
** Tripoli - Tripilí
* Liechtenstein - Lichtinstéin
** Vaduz - Vadús
* Lithuania - An Liotuáin
* Luxembourg - Lucsamburg
* Macedonia - An Mhacadóin
** Skopje - Scóipé
* Madagascar - Madagascar
** Antananarivo - Antananairíveo
* Malawi - An Mhaláiv
* Malaysia - Malaeisia
* Mali - Mailí
* Maldives - Oileáin Mhaildíve
* Mali - Mailí
* Malta - Málta
** Valletta - Vaileite
* Marshall Islands - Oileáin Marshall
* Mauritania - An Mháratáin
* Mauritius - Oileán Mhuirís
* Mexico - Meicsiceo
** Mexico City - Cathair Mheicsiceo
* Micronesia - An Mhicrinéis
* Moldova - An Mholdóiv
** Chişinău - Cisineiv
* Monaco - Monacó
* Mongolia - An Mhongóil
** Ulaanbaatar - Ulánbátar
* Morocco - Maracó
* Montenegro - Montainéagró
* Mozambique - Mósaimbíc
* Myanmar - Maenmar
** Yangon - Rangún
* Namibia - An Namaib
* Nauru - Nárú
* Nepal - Neipeal
* Netherlands - An Ísiltír
** Amsterdam - Amstardam
** The Hague - An Háig
* New Zealand - An Nua-Shéalainn
* Nicaragua - Nicearagua
* Niger - An Nígir
* Nigeria - An Nigéir
** Abuja - Abúise
* North Korea - An Chóiré Thuaidh
* Northern Ireland (NI) - Tuaisceart Éireann (TÉ)
* Norway - An Iorua
** Oslo - Osló
* Oman - Oman
** Muscat - Muscáit
* Pakistan - An Phacastáin
* Palau - Oileáin Palau
* Palestine - An Phalaistín
* Panama - Panama
* Paraguay - Paragua
** Asunción - Asúinseon
* Peru - Peiriú
** Lima - Líoma
* Philippines - Na hOileáin Fhilipíneacha
** Manila - Mainile
* Poland - An Pholainn
** Warsaw - Vársá
* Portugal - An Phortaingéil
** Lisbon - Liospóin
* Qatar - Catar
* Romania - An Rómáin
** Bucharest - Búcairist
* Russia - An Rúis
** Astrakhan - An Astracháin
** Moscow - Moscó
** St. Petersburg - Cathair Pheadair
** Yakutsk - Iacútsc
* Rwanda - Ruanda
* Saint Kitts and Nevis - Saint Kitts and Nevis
* Saint Lucia - Saint Lucia
* Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
* Samoa - Samó
* San Marino - San Mairíne
* São Tomé and Príncipe - São Tomé agus Príncipe
* Saudi Arabia - An Araib Shádach
* Scotland - Albain
** Aberdeen - Obar Deathain
** Edinburgh - Dún Éideann
** Glasgow - Glaschú
** Inverness - Inbhear Nis
* Senegal - An tSeineagáil
** Dakar - Dacár
* Serbia - An tSeirbia
** Belgrade - Béalgrád
* Seychelles - Na Séiséil
* Sierra Leone - Siarra Leon
* Singapore - Singeapór
* Slovakia - An tSlóvaic
** Bratislava - An Bhratasláiv
* Slovenia - An tSlóivéin
** Ljubljana - Liúibleána
* Solomon Islands - Oileáin Sholamón
* Somalia - An tSomáil
** Mogadishu - Mogaidisiú
* Somaliland - Críoch Shomáile
* South Africa - An Afraic Theas
** Cape Town - Kaapstad
* South Korea - An Chóiré Theas
* Spain - An Spáinn
** Madrid - Maidrid
* Sri Lanka - Srí Lanka
* Sudan - An tSúdáin
** Khartoum - Cartúm
* Suriname - Suriname
* Sweden - An tSualainn
** Stockholm - Stócólm
* Switzerland - An Eilvéis
** Berne - Beirn
** Geneva - An Ghinéiv
* Syria - An tSiria
** Damascus - Damaisc
* Taiwan - An Téaváin
* Tajikistan - An Táidsíceastáin
* Tanzania - An Tansáin
** Dar es Salaam - Dárasalám
* Thailand - An Téalainn
** Bangkok - Bancác
* Togo - Tóga
* Tonga - Tonga
* Trinidad and Tobago - Oileán na Tríonóide agus Tobága
* Tunisia - An Túinéis
** Carthage - An Chartaig
** Tunis - Túinis
* Turkey - An Tuirc
** Istanbul - Iostanbúl
* Turkmenistan - An Tuircméanastáin
* Tuvalu - Tuvalu
* Uganda - Uganda
* Ukraine - An Úcráin
** Chernobyl - Searnóbail
** Kiev - Cív
* United Arab Emirates - Aontas na nÉimíríochtaí Arabacha
* United Kingdom (UK) - An Ríocht Aontaithe (RA)
* United States (of America) (USA) - na Stáit Aontaithe (Mheiriceá) (SAM)
** Alaska - Alasca
** California - Caileafóirnia
*** Sacramento - An tSacramento
** Hawaii - Habháí
** Massachusetts - Massachusetts
*** Boston - Bostún
** New Mexico - Nua-Mheicsiceo
** New York - Nua-Eabhrac
*** New York City - Nua-Eabhrac
** North Carolina - Carolina Thuaidh
** North Dakota - Dakota Thuaidh
** Pennsylvania - Pennsylvania
*** Philadelphia - Filideilfia
** Rhode Island - Oileán Rhode
** South Carolina - Carolina Theas
** South Dakota - Dakota Theas
** Tennessee - Tennessee
*** Memphis - Meimfís
** West Virginia - Virginia Thiar
* Uruguay - Uragua
* Uzbekistan - An Úisbéiceastáin
* Vanuatu - Vanuatú
* Vatican City - Cathair na Vatacáine
* Venezuela - Veiniséala
* Vietnam - Vítneam
** Hanoi - Hanáí
* Wales - An Bhreatain Bheag (lit. Little Britain)
** Cardiff - Caerdydd
* Western Sahara - An Sahára Thiar
* Yemen - An Éimin
* Zambia - An tSaimbia
* Zimbabwe - An tSiombáib

Names of continents

*Africa - An Afraic
*Asia - An Áise
*Australasia - Mór-Roinn na hAstráil
*Europe - An Eoraip
**European Union - An tAontas Eorpach
*North America - Meiriceá Thuaidh
*South America - Meiriceá Theas

*United Nations - Na Náisiúin Aontaithe

External links

* [http://www.pobail.ie/en/IrishLanguage/ThePlacenamesBranch/ Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs - The Placenames Branch]
* [http://www.n-ireland.co.uk/genealogy/placenames/ List of Irish Placenames]
* [http://www.booksulster.com/library/plnm/ Irish Placenames Explained by P.W. Joyce]
* [http://www.geographyinaction.co.uk/Townlands/PLandunits.html Placenames in the North of Ireland]
* [http://www.gaeltacabac.com/11.htm Dublin Placenames]
* [http://www.dublincity.ie/YourCouncil/SeirbhisiGaeilge/Pages/SraidainmneachaBhaileAthaCliathDublinCityStreetNames.aspx Official Dublin City Street Names]
* [http://www.logainm.ie/ Placenames database of Ireland]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Irish place names in other countries — This is a partial or incomplete list of places in countries other than Ireland named after places in Ireland.Massive emigration, often called the Irish diaspora, from Ireland in the 19th and 20th centuries resulted in many towns and regions being …   Wikipedia

  • Place names considered unusual — There are many unusual place names throughout the world. The study of placenames is known as toponymy. Types of placenames often seen as unusual include: * Names with unorthodox spelling or sound. * Names which are extremely short (e.g., one… …   Wikipedia

  • List of generic forms in British place names — The study of place names is called toponymy; for a more detailed examination of this subject in relation to British place names, please refer to British toponymy. This article lists a number of common generic forms found in British place names,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of tautological place names — A place name is tautological if two parts of it are synonymous. This often occurs when a name from one language is imported into another and a standard descriptor is added on from the second language. Thus, for example, New Zealand s Mount… …   Wikipedia

  • Place name origins — The study of place names is called toponymy and is distinct from (but often confused with) etymology, the study of the origins of words. Rather than describing toponymy (as an academic discipline) itself, this article examines the origins of… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish language — This article is about the modern Goidelic language. For the form of English as it is spoken in Ireland, see Hiberno English. For the cant based partly on English and partly on Irish, see Shelta. Irish Gaeilge Pronunciation [ˈɡeːlʲɟə] …   Wikipedia

  • Names of European cities in different languages — Many cities in Europe have different names in different languages. Some cities have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known different names for all major cities that are geographically… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish words used in the English language — For a list of Irish words that have been imported into English and other languages, see the at Wiktionary, the free dictionary. : For help with pronunciation, see , , and Irish phonology. Irish words used in English in modern Ireland without… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish diaspora — Emigrants Leave Ireland , engraving by Henry Doyle (1827–1892), from Mary Frances Cusack s Illustrated History of Ireland, 1868 …   Wikipedia

  • Names of Asian cities in different languages — This is a list of cities in Asia that have several different names in different languages, including former (e.g. colonial) names. Many cities have different names in different languages. Some cities have also undergone name changes for political …   Wikipedia