- Greater Bulgaria
Greater Bulgaria is term to identify the territory associated with a historical national state and a modern
Bulgarian irredentist nationalistmovement which would include the plain between the Danubeand the Balkan mountain range (Stara Planina), Northern and Southern Dobruja, the region of Sofia, Pirotand Vranjein the Morava valley, Northern Thrace, parts of Eastern Thraceand nearly all of Macedonia.
It is not associated with
Old Great Bulgaria, which described the territory inhabited by the Bulgar tribes north of the Sea of Azovconcurrent in history to the Byzantine Empire.
Greater Bulgaria was suggested under The
Treaty of San Stefano.
The territorial control and dispute over Macedonia stem from the migrations of
Bulgarsinto the Balkansand more specifically, the area of Macedonia during the 7th century under Kuber.
The issue of irredentism and nationalism gained greater prominence after the creation of modern
Bulgariafollowing the 1878 Treaty of San Stefano. However the Congress of Berlintook back some of those territories, returning them to the control of the Ottoman Empire.
In the early 20th century control over Macedonia was a key point of contention between Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria,
Greece, and Serbiawho fought both the First Balkan Warof 1912–1913 and the Second Balkan Warof 1913. The area was further fought over during the Serbian Campaign of World War I (1915–1918).
World War II, Bulgaria had, peacefully secured the return of Southern Dobrujafrom Romaniain the Treaty of Craiova.cite web
title=Bulgaria During World War II
accessdate=2007-02-12] Greater Bulgaria was re-created as a state during
World War IIby Nazi Germany, as a reward to Bulgaria, which had fought with Germany as one of the Axis powers. It was granted territory in Greece, namely Eastern Macedoniaand parts of Western Thrace, as well as Yugoslav Macedonia ( Vardar Macedonia).cite web
accessdate=2007-02-12 ] With the exception of the Dobruja, these concessions were reversed with Allied victory.
* [http://www.macedonian-heritage.gr/Contributions/contr_Kofos_1.html Yugoslav - Bulgarian Relations from 1955 to 1980]
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