Novouralsk


Novouralsk
Novouralsk (English)
Новоуральск (Russian)
-  Town[citation needed]  -
Map of Russia - Sverdlovsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Sverdlovsk Oblast in Russia
Novouralsk is located in Sverdlovsk Oblast
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Novouralsk
Coordinates: 57°15′N 60°05′E / 57.25°N 60.083°E / 57.25; 60.083Coordinates: 57°15′N 60°05′E / 57.25°N 60.083°E / 57.25; 60.083
Coat of Arms of Novouralsk (Sverdlovsk oblast) (1979).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Sverdlovsk Oblast
Municipal status
Urban okrug Novouralsky Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Administrative center of Novouralsky Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Mayor[citation needed] Alexander Zaytsev[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
85,519 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 196th
Population (2002 Census) 95,414 inhabitants[2]
Rank in 2002 174th
Time zone YEKST (UTC+06:00)[3]
Founded 1941[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 624130[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 +7 34370[citation needed]
Official website

Novouralsk (Russian: Новоура́льск) is a closed town in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. Population: 85,519 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 95,414 (2002 Census).[2]

The town, formerly known as Sverdlovsk-44, is situated on the eastern side of the Ural mountain range, about 70 kilometers (43 mi) north of Yekaterinburg. Although it came into being during World War II, and was named Novouralsk in 1954, it was kept secret until 1994, and has since had closed town status.

The town is laid out in a grid format, divided north/south by the central street on which the main administrative building is located. It is subdivided into five residential districts, each covering 10,000 hectares. The town's economy is dominated by the nuclear, automobile and construction industries.

Contents

Economy

The Ural Electro Chemical Plant (UECP/УЭХК)'s main activities are uranium enrichment and the development of centrifuge technology, as well as the manufacture of instruments and industrial systems for the nuclear industry. The plant began operating in 1949 and was the site of the Soviet Union's first gaseous diffusion enrichment plant. In 1950, certain technical difficulties were resolved and UECP began producing tens of kilograms of 90 percent enriched uranium. The original plant, called D-1, was extended to include plant D-3 in 1951, and plants D-4 and D-5 in 1953. Officials from the Ministry of Atomic Industry once said that Sverdlovsk-44 was the only plant ever used to produce weapons-grade highly-enriched uranium.

The plant lead the development of Russian centrifuge technology, has used seventh-generation gas centrifuges since 1996 and has developed eighth-generation centrifuges. UECP now produces LEU using centrifuge technology. It is one of four Russian enrichment facilities.

Another major industrial enterprise was the Urals Auto Motor Plant (УАМЗ), founded in 1967. It was the subsidiary of the Likhachyov Moscow's Auto Motor Plant (ЗИЛ). However, the Urals Auto Motor Plant declared bankruptcy in 2000 and was later acquired by Automobiles and Motors of the Urals (АМУР), a joint Russian-Chinese car manufacturing venture.

Education and sport

Novouralsk's educational facilities include Novouralsks Engineering Physical Institute, Polytechnic College, Medical College, Pedagogical College. There are also 22 schools and 27 kindergartens.

Modern-day Novouralsk has two Cultural Centers, three libraries, which are considered the best in the region, a children's arts school and a children's musical school, two cinemas, a museum, a puppet theater, and an amusement park. The Central Town Library has become a focus for cultural activities and holds over 800 events annually. The library is fully computerized, and offers free Internet access, and Novouralsk citizens consider their library to be one of the best in Russia. Another library in the town caters solely for children and young people. Cultural life has evolved as the town has grown. The first social club opened in 1947, home to a brass band and various clubs, including drama, followed by cinema and a library in 1949. A musical school opened in 1950 and the Operetta Theater in 1951. The Theater can seat up to 600 people, and the company has traveled to dozens of Russian cities, and to practically every town in the Urals. The Puppet Theater Skazka was founded in 1957. The Municipal Concert-Sports Complex was opened in 1998, a modern facility with an artificial ice rink and a hockey pitch. It can be used as an ice stadium or sports or a concert ground with seating for 1,270 people. The Historical and Area-Study Museum has over 8,000 exhibits.

World competitions

The Yava Trophy yacht championship is held in Novouralsk every four years.

References

  1. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).

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