- Laodicea Combusta
Laodicea or Laodicea Combusta – Greek: Λαοδίκεια), also
transliteratedas Laodiceia or Laodikeia; also Laodikeia Katakekaumenê and Λαοδίκεια Κεκαυμένη; later Claudiolaodicea – was a Hellenisticcity in central Anatolia, in the region of Pisidia; its site is currently occupied by Ladik, Konya Province, in the Asian part of Turkey.
Laodicea was one of the five cities built by
Seleucus I Nicator, and named after his mother Laodice. Its surname ( _la. Combusta) is derived by Strabo(xii. pp. 576, 579, xiii. pp. 626, 628, 637) from the volcanic nature of the surrounding country, but Hamilton ("Researches", ii. p. 194) asserts that there is not a particle of volcanic or igneous rock in the neighbourhood; and it may be added that if such were the case, the town would rather have been called, in Greek, Laodikeia tês katakekaumenês. The most probable solution undoubtedly is, that the town was at one time destroyed by fire, and that on being rebuilt it received the distinguishing surname. It was situated to the northwest of Iconium(now Konya), on the high road leading from the west coast to Meliteneon the Euphrates. Some ancient authors describe it as situated in Lycaonia(Steph. B. s. v.; Strab. xiv. p. 663), and others as a town of Pisidia(Socrat. Hist. Eccl. vi. 18; Hierocl. p. 672), and Ptolemy(v. 4. § 10) places it in Galatia; but this discrepancy is easily explained by recollecting that the territories just mentioned were often extended or reduced in extent, so that at one time the town belonged to Lycaonia, while at another it formed part of Pisidia. Its foundation is not mentioned by any ancient writer.
Laodiceia is at Ladik and numerous fragments of ancient architecture and sculpture have been found. Visitors in the 19th century described seeing inscribed marbles, altars, columns, capitals, friezes, cornices, were dispersed throughout the streets, and among the houses and burying grounds. From this it would appear that Laodiceia must once have been a very considerable town. It was restored by
Claudiusand received the name Claudiolaodicea. There are a few imperial coins of Laodiceia, belonging to the reigns of Titusand Domitian. (Sestini, "Mon. Ant." p. 95 ; comp. Droysen, "Gesch. des Hellen." i. p. 663, foll.)
Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), p. 63.
* [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/gazetteer/0198.html Hazlitt, Classical Gazetteer, "Laodicea"]
*Smith, William (editor); "
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography", [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0064&query=head%3D%236022 "Laodiceia"] , London, (1854)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Laodicea — ( el. Λαοδίκεια), also transliterated as Laodiceia or Laodikeia was the name for at least seven Hellenistic cities, which were named for one of the several queens named Laodice in the Seleucid dynasty. The Greeks distinguished such cities by… … Wikipedia
Lycaonia — In ancient geography, Lycaonia was a large region in the interior of Asia Minor, north of Mount Taurus. It was bounded on the east by Cappadocia, on the north by Galatia, on the west by Phrygia and Pisidia, while to the south it extended to the… … Wikipedia
List of places named after people — There are a number of places named after famous people. For more on the general etymology of place names see toponomy. For other lists of eponyms (names derived from people) see eponym.Continents*Americas (North America and South America) ndash;… … Wikipedia
Laodicee — Laodicée Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Laodicée (en grec : Laodikeia, Λαοδίκεια ; en latin : Laodicea) est le nom de plusieurs villes de l’empire séleucide, ainsi… … Wikipédia en Français
Liste der Titularbistümer — Diese Liste der Titularbistümer der römisch katholischen Kirche listet in alphabetischer Reihenfolge alle erloschenen Bistümer und Erzbistümer (EB), denen dem Titel nach ein Titularbischof vorsteht. Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Çatalhöyük — (Turkish pronunciation: [tʃaˈtaɫhøjyc]; also Çatal Höyük and Çatal Hüyük, or any of the three without diacritics; çatal is Turkish for fork , höyük for mound ) was a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic settlement in southern Anatolia,… … Wikipedia
Troy — For other uses, see Troy (disambiguation). See also: Troad Coordinates: 39°57′27″N 26°14′20″E / 39.9575°N 26.23889°E … Wikipedia
Myra — For other uses, see Myra (disambiguation). Ancient Greek theatre of Myra, with the rock cut tombs of the ancient Lycian necropolis on the cliff in the background. Myra is an ancient town in Lycia, where the small town of Kale (Demre) is situated… … Wikipedia
Kültepe — For the village in Azerbaijan, see Kültəpə. Coordinates: 38°51′N 35°38′E / 38.85°N 35.633°E / 38.85; 35.633 … Wikipedia
Miletus — This article is about the ancient city of Anatolia. For other uses, see Miletus (disambiguation). Miletus Μίλητος Ancient Polis Turkish transcription(s) – Modern name Milet … Wikipedia