Broken English (album)


Broken English (album)

Infobox Album
Name = Broken English
Type = Album
Artist = Marianne Faithfull


Released = October 1979
Recorded = Matrix Studios, 1979
Genre = Rock, New Wave
Length = 37:18
Label = Island Records
Producer = Mark Miller Mundy
Reviews =
* Allmusic Rating|4.5|5 [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:xgen97lskrdt~T1 link]
* Rolling Stone Rating|4|5 [http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/mariannefaithfull/albums/album/174698/review/5942614/broken_english link]
Last album = "Faithless"
(1978)
This album = "Broken English"
(1979)
Next album = "Dangerous Acquaintances"
(1981)

"Broken English" is a 1979 album by singer Marianne Faithfull. It is often cited as Faithfull's definitive recording; Faithfull herself describes it in her autobiography as "the masterpiece". The album contains some of her most famous songs, including the title track and The Ballad of Lucy Jordan, and was notable for the controversy surrounding the final number "Why D’Ya Do It?".

Style and themes

Faithfull’s immediately preceding albums, "Dreaming My Dreams" and "Faithless" (which in fact shared some tracks), had been in a relatively gentle folk or country and western style. "Broken English" was a radical departure, featuring a contemporary fusion of rock, punk, new wave and dance, with liberal use of synthesizers. After a number of years of drug abuse, Faithfull's voice was in a lower register, far raspier, and had a more world-weary quality than in the past that matched the often raw emotions expressed in the newer songs.

The album’s title track took inspiration from terrorist figures of the time, particularly Ulrike Meinhof of the Baader-Meinhof group. "Guilt" was informed by the Catholic upbringing of the singer and her composer Barry Reynolds. "The Ballad of Lucy Jordan", originally performed by Dr Hook, was a melancholy tale of middle class housewife's disillusionment; Faithfull's version became something of an anthem and was used on the soundtracks to the films "Montenegro" (1981) and "Thelma and Louise" (1991). "What’s the Hurry?" was described by Faithfull as reflecting the everyday desperation of the habitual drug user. Her cover of John Lennon’s "Working Class Hero", recorded as a tribute to her own heroes such as Mick Jagger and Keith Richards, David Bowie and Iggy Pop, and Lennon himself, was widely praised.

The last track, "Why D’Ya Do It?", was a caustic, graphic rant of a woman reacting to her lover's infidelity. The lyrics began with the man's point of view, relating the bitter tirade of his jilted lover. It was set to a grinding tune inspired by Jimi Hendrix’s recording of Bob Dylan’s "All Along the Watchtower". Poet and writer Heathcote Williams had originally conceived the lyrics as a piece for Tina Turner to record, but Faithfull succeeded in convincing him that Turner would never record such a number. Its plethora of four-letter words and explicit references to oral sex caused controversy and led to a ban in Australia, where local pressings of the LP were released with smooth vinyl in place of the track and a 'bonus' 45 single as compensation (the ban did not extend to import copies).

Release and aftermanth

"Broken English" made #57 in the UK album charts and #82 in the US. "The Ballad of Lucy Jordan" was released as a single simultaneously with the LP in October 1979. The title track was issued as a single in January 1980. Faithfull included five tracks from the album on her 1990 live recording "Blazing Away": "Broken English", "Guilt", "The Ballad of Lucy Jordan", "Working Class Hero" and "Why D'Ya Do It?". In 1996, "Witch's Song" was covered by Juliana Hatfield for the soundtrack of the film "The Craft".

An extended remix of the title track (5:46), released on 12" vinyl in 1979, remains unreleased on CD.

Track listing

# "Broken English" (Marianne Faithfull, Barry Reynolds, Joe Mavety, Steve York, Terry Stannard) – 4:35
# "Witches' Song" (Faithfull, Reynolds, Mavety, York, Stannard) – 4:43
# "Brain Drain" (Ben Brierley, Tim Hardin) – 4:13
# "Guilt" (Barry Reynolds) – 5:05
# "The Ballad of Lucy Jordan" (Shel Silverstein) – 4:09
# "What's the Hurry" (Joe Mavety) – 3:05
# "Working Class Hero" (John Lennon) – 4:40
# "Why D'Ya Do It?" (Heathcote Williams, Reynolds, Mavety, York, Stannard, Faithfull) – 6:45

Personnel

* Marianne Faithfull: vocals
* Barry Reynolds: guitar
* Joe Mavety: guitar
* Steve York: bass
* Terry Stannard: drums
* Diane Birch
* Frankie Collins
* Jim Cuomo: saxophone
* Isabella Dulaney
* Guy Humphries: guitar
* Maurice Pert: percussion
* Darryl Way: violin
* Steve Winwood: keyboards
* Bob Potter: engineer
* Ed Thacker: mixing engineer
* Dennis Morris: sleeve photography

References

* Marianne Faithfull with David Dalton (1994). "Faithfull: An Autobiography"


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