Acetobacter


Acetobacter

Taxobox
color = lightgrey
name = "Acetobacter"
regnum = Bacteria|
phylum = Proteobacteria
classis = Alpha Proteobacteria
ordo = Rhodospirillales
familia = Acetobacteraceae
genus = "Acetobacter"
genus_authority = Beijerinck 1898
type_species = Acetobacter aceti
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "A. aceti"
"A. cerevisiae"
"A. cibinongensis"
"A. estunensis"
"A. indonesiensis"
"A. lovaniensis"
"A. malorum"
"A. nitrogenifigens"
"A. oeni"
"A. orientalis"
"A. orleanensis"
"A. pasteurianis"
"A. peroxydans"
"A. pomorum"
"A. syzygii"
"A. tropicalis"
"A. xylinus"

"Acetobacter" is a genus of acetic acid bacteria characterized by the ability to convert alcohol (ethanol) to acetic acid in the presence of air. There are several species within this genus, and there are other bacteria capable of forming acetic acid under various conditions; but all of the "Acetobacter" are known by this characteristic ability.

"Acetobacter" are of particular importance commercially, because:
*they are used in the production of vinegar (intentionally converting the ethanol in the wine to acetic acid);
*they can destroy wine which it infects by producing excessive amounts of acetic acid or ethyl acetate, both of which can render the wine unpalatable;
*they are used to intentionally acidify beer during long maturation periods in the production of traditional Flemish Sour Ales;
* "A". "xylinus" is the main source of microbial cellulose.

The growth of "Acetobacter" in wine can be suppressed through effective sanitation, by complete exclusion of air from wine in storage, and by the use of moderate amounts of sulfur dioxide in the wine as a preservative.

"Acetobacter" can be easily distinguished in the laboratory by their growth of colonies on a medium containing about 7% ethanol, and enough calcium carbonate to render the medium partially opaque. When "Acetobacter" colonies form enough acetic acid from the ethanol, the calcium carbonate around the colonies dissolves, forming a very distinct clear zone.

References

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acetobacter — Acetobacter …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Acetobacter — Systematik Domäne: Bakterien Abteilung: Proteobacteria Klasse: Alphaproteobacteria Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • acétobacter — [ asetobaktɛr ] n. m. • v. 1950; lat. sc. acetobacter, de acetum « vinaigre » et gr. baktêrion (→ bactérie) ♦ Chim. Bactérie qui provoque la transformation de l alcool en acide acétique. ● acétobacter nom masculin Bactérie aérobie, capable d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • acetobacter — ACETOBACTÉR n. Bacterie care transformă vinul în oţet. /<fr. acétobacter Trimis de siveco, 22.08.2004. Sursa: NODEX  ACETOBACTÉR s.n. Bacterie care transformă alcoolul în acid acetic. [< fr. acétobacter]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007 …   Dicționar Român

  • acetobacter — género de bacterias aerobias, cuya especie tipo es el Acetobacter aceti. Se encuentran en frutas y hortalizas, vinagre y bebidas alcohólicas. Transforman el alcohol en ácido acético Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • Acetobacter — См. Ацетобактер (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Acetobacter — род аэробных бацилл, которые обеспечивают себя энергией за счет окисления этанола и превращения его в уксусную кислоту. Способность бактерии утилизировать этанол в спиртосодержащих напитках, превращая его в уксус, открыл в начале XVIII в. Луи… …   Генетика. Энциклопедический словарь

  • Acetobacter — Acetobacter …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Acetobacter — Bacterium aceti …   Википедия

  • Acetobacter —   Acetobacter Clasificación científica Dominio …   Wikipedia Español