- Heath Robinson (codebreaking machine)
Heath Robinson was a machine used by British
codebreakers at Bletchley Parkduring World War IIto solve messages in a German teleprintercipher, the Lorenz SZ40/42. It was the predecessor to the Colossus computer. It was dubbed "Heath Robinson" by the Wrens who operated it, after cartoonist William Heath Robinson.
The machine was designed by
Max Newman, and construction began in January 1943 Fact|date=September 2008. C. E. Wynn-Williamsdesigned the electronic counters, and engineers at the Post Office Research Stationengineered other parts of the machine. A prototype was operational by June 1943 Fact|date=September 2008.
* [http://www.codesandciphers.org.uk/virtualbp/fish/machines.htm "The machine age comes to Fish code breaking"] , part of "The Colossus: its purpose and operation" by Tony Sale
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