Flag of Pakistan


Flag of Pakistan

Infobox flag
Name = Pakistan
Article =
Nickname = "Sabz Hilali Parcham" and "Parcham-e-Sitāra-o-Hilāl"



Use = 011000
Symbol =
Proportion = 2:3
Adoption = August 11, 1947
Design = A white star and crescent on a dark green field, with a vertical white stripe at the hoist



Use2 = 000100
Proportion2 = 2:3
Adoption2 =
Design2 = A red field with the national flag in the canton.



Use3 = 000001
Proportion3 = 1:2
Design3 = A lengthened version of the national flag.
Type = National

The national flag of Pakistan was designed by Syed Amir uddin Kedwaii and was based on the original flag of the Muslim League. It was adopted by the Constituent Assemblycite web| url=http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/flagspec.html| title=Pakistan Flag specification: Resolution Passed by Constituent Assembly| publisher=Pakistani.org| accessdate=2007-12-11] on August 11, 1947, just days before independence.cite web| url=http://www.na.gov.pk/history.htm| title=Parliamentary History| publisher=National Assembly of Pakistan| accessdate=2007-12-11] cite web| url=http://www.pakistan.gov.pk/divisions/parliamentary-division/media/parhistory.pdf| title=Parliamentary History of Pakistan| publisher=Parliamentary Division, Government of Pakistan| accessdate=2007-12-11] cite web| url=http://www.pas.gov.pk/third-las.htm| title=Legislative Assembly of Sind under the Pakistan (Provincial Constitution) Order, 1947| publisher=Provincial Assembly of Sindh| accessdate=2007-12-11] The flag is referred to in the national anthem as "Parcham-e-Sitāra-o-Hilāl" in Urdu ("lit." Flag of the Crescent and Star). The flag comprises a dark green field, representing the Muslim majority of Pakistan, with a vertical white stripe in the hoist, representing religious minorities.cite web| url=http://www.infopak.gov.pk/Flag.aspx| title=Pakistan flag| publisher=Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan| accessdate=2007-12-11] In the centre is a white crescent moon, representing progress, and a white five-pointed star, representing light and knowledge. The flag symbolizes Pakistan's commitment to Islam, the Islamic world, and the rights of religious minorities.cite web| url=http://www.infopak.gov.pk/BasicFacts.aspx| title=Basic Facts| publisher=Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan| accessdate=2007-12-11] The flag is flown on several important days of the year including Republic Day and Independence Day.The flag was designed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of the nation. It is associated with the flag used by the All-India Muslim League as an emblem of its aim of achieving an independent Muslim state. Their flag was green, with a central white star and crescent. At independence in 1947, a white stripe was added at the hoist to represent the state's minorities. The green and white together stand for peace and prosperity. The crescent symbolizes progress, and the star represents light and knowledge.

Design

The official design of the national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly together with a definition of the features and proportions:

quotation|"A dark green rectangular flag in the proportion of length and width 3:2 with a white vertical bar at the mast, the green portion bearing a white crescent in the centre and a five-pointed white heraldic star. The size of the white portion being one-fourth the size of the flag, nearest the mast, the remainder three-fourths being dark green. The dimensions of the crescent and star are obtained as follows: "Draw the diagonal from the top right hand corner to the bottom left corner of the green portion. On this diagonal establish two points 'A' and 'B'. Point 'A' at a distance equidistant from top right and bottom left hand corners of the green portion, i.e. the centre of the green portion. Point 'B' at a distance from the top right hand corner equal to 13/20th the width of the flag. With centre point 'A' and radius 1.1/4th the width of the flag describe a second arc. The enclosures made by these two arcs form the crescent. The dimensions of the five-pointed white heraldic star are determined by drawing a circle 1/10th the width of the flag. The circle surrounds the five points of the heraldic star. The star lies with one point on the diagonal at a point where the larger arc of the crescent, if completed, cuts the diagonal."

The Interior Ministry of Pakistan provides dimensions for flags in different circumstances:

* For ceremonial occasions. 21' x 14', 18' x 12', 10' x 6-2/3' or 9' x 6 1/4.
* For use over buildings. 6' x 4' or 3' x 2'.
* For cars 12" x 8".
* For tables 10 1/4" x 8 1/4".

Flag flying days

Use by public officials

The use of the national flag is regulated by the Pakistan Flag Rules, which were introduced in 2002 by Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali. The Rules are not available online but there have been instances of misuse such as officials using flags on their vehicles when they are not entitled to do so.cite web| url=http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2005%5C10%5C21%5Cstory_21-10-2005_pg7_15| title=Secs and advisers can’t fly flags on cars, homes| date=2005-10-21| publisher=Daily Times of Pakistan| accessdate=2007-12-11] cite web| url=http://www.dawn.com/2005/01/13/nat25.htm| title=National flag 'not being misused'| date=2005-01-13| publisher=Dawn Group of Newspapers| accessdate=2007-12-11] The national flag is flown on the official residences and vehicles (cars, boats, planes) of the following public officials:

Awards and recognitions

* In August of 2004, Pakistan unfurled a 340x510 (173,400 square foot) foot National flag. The country held the record for producing the world's largest flag. It was rolled out in Jinnah Stadium Karachi in 2004. [ [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/xf-supe.html#largest2 Flag superlatives ] ] [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bPCG-drKbmo&feature=related YouTube - Worlds Largest Flag ] ]

See also

* List of Pakistani flags
* Flags of the World
* Vexillology

References

External links

*
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