Philistinism


Philistinism

Philistinism is a derogatory term used to describe a particular attitude or set of values. A person called a Philistine (in the relevant sense), is said to despise or undervalue art, beauty, intellectual content, and/or spiritual values. Philistines are also said to be materialistic, to favor conventional social values unthinkingly, and to favor forms of art that have a cheap and easy appeal (e.g. kitsch).

Philistinism affords a contrast to Bohemianism, as the character of a smugly conventional bourgeois social group perceived to lack all the desirably soulful 'bohemian' characteristics, especially an artistic temperament and a broad cultural horizon open to the avant-garde. To the chosen few, the 'Philistines' embodied a smug, anti-intellectual threatening majority, in the 'culture wars' of the 19th century.

Historical Philistines

According to the History Channel's 'Naked Archaeologist' Simcha Jacobovici, the Philistines were an advanced culture relative to their contemporary Canaanite neighbors. The Philistines were not indigenous to the region (possibly proto-Greek), having (according to general, though not fully substantiated theory) been part of a larger group known as the 'Sea Peoples' who made war on Egypt and lost - eventually settling just out of Egypt's sphere of influence. Modern archeology in Israel has shown that Philistine urban structure, commercial complexity and technology (pottery/iron) were all more advanced than that of other contemporary Canaanites. Most telling of all comes from [http://www.bible.org/page.php?page_id=358 1 Samuel] where the Jews (still a bronze society) describe the resentment of trading-dependence with the Philistines for obtaining & re-sharpening of iron agricultural tools. This command of iron (and unwillingness to trade iron weaponry) allowed the far smaller Philistine culture to survive the perpetual wars with their Jewish neighbors. Their boutique culture could not withstand the Assyrian and later Babylonian expansions into Canaan, however - after which they disappeared as a cohesive cultural group.

ee also

*Snob
*Boeotian
*Poshlost'
*Bigotry
*Dumbing down
*Matthew Arnold's Culture and Anarchy

External links

* [http://reverent.org/this_is_art.html Are you a Philistine?]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Philistinism — Phi*lis tin*ism, n. The condition, character, aims, and habits of the class called Philistines. See {Philistine}, 3. [Recent] Carlyle. [1913 Webster] On the side of beauty and taste, vulgarity; on the side of morals and feeling, coarseness; on… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • philistinism — [[t]fɪ̱lɪstɪnɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT (disapproval) Philistinism is the attitude or quality of not caring about, understanding, or liking good art, music, or literature …   English dictionary

  • philistinism — Philistine ► NOUN 1) a member of a people of ancient Palestine who came into conflict with the Israelites. 2) (philistine) a person who is hostile or indifferent to culture and the arts. DERIVATIVES philistinism noun. ORIGIN Greek Philistinos,… …   English terms dictionary

  • philistinism — noun see Philistine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Philistinism — Phil·is·tin·ism also phi·lis·tin·ism (fĭlʹĭ stē nĭz əm, fĭ lĭsʹtə nĭz əm, tē nĭz əm) n. An attitude of smug ignorance and conventionalism, especially toward artistic and cultural values. * * * …   Universalium

  • philistinism — noun A materialistic attitude accompanied by ignorance of artistic or cultural matters …   Wiktionary

  • philistinism — (Roget s IV) n. Syn. pedantry, conventionalism, conformity; see docility …   English dictionary for students

  • philistinism — phi·lis·tin·ism || fɪlɪstɪnɪzm n. materialism, preoccupation with material matters; belief that physical comfort is the highest value; desire for wealth and material matters having little interest in moral or spiritual matters …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Philistinism — n middlebrowism, Inf. lowbrowism, conventionalism, conventionality, conformism, conformance, conformity; traditionalism, formalism, precisianism; obtuseness, dullness, boorishness, yahooism …   A Note on the Style of the synonym finder

  • philistinism — phil·is·tin·ism …   English syllables