43 BC


43 BC

__NOTOC__Year 43 BC was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

By place

Rome

*Consuls: Pansa and Hirtius.
*April 14Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Caesar's assassin Decimus Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, but is then immediately defeated by the army of the other consul, Hirtius. Both consuls are killed (Hirtius did not die until after the Battle of Mutina; Octavian takes command of their armies.
*April 21Cicero's 14th and last "Philippic".
*April 21 — Antony is again defeated in the Battle of Mutina by a coalition of Octavian, Decimus Brutus, and the two consuls of the year. Antony withdraws into Transalpine Gaul (France) to join Aemilius Lepidus, soon after Decimus Brutus is killed by brigands.
*July–August — Antony is again at the head of a large army, and Octavian enters Rome in force without opposition. It is clear that Cicero’s plan to divide them against each other has failed.
*November 26 — Octavian meets Antony and Lepidus in Bononia, and the three enter into an official five-year autocratic pact, the Second Triumvirate. (See "lex Titia")

Gaul

*Lugdunum (Lyon) is founded.

Asia

*According to legend, Nagasena creates the Emerald Buddha figurine in Patna, India.

Births

*March 20Publius Ovidius Naso (Ovid), Roman poet (d. 17/18)
*Princess Iotapa of Media

Deaths

*June/JulyPorcia Catonis, wife of Marcus Junius Brutus (b. 70 BC)
*December 7Cicero, Roman politician and author (murdered) (b. 106 BC)
*Atia Balba Caesonia, niece of Julius Caesar and mother of Augustus (b. 85 BC)
*Decimus Brutus, Roman statesman (murdered)
*Publius Cornelius Dolabella, suffect consul after the assassination of Julius Caesar
*Hirtius, Roman statesman (killed in battle)
*Pansa, Roman statesman (killed in battle)
*Trebonius, assassin of Julius Caesar (murdered by Publius Cornelius Dolabella)
*Verres, corrupt praetor
*Antipater the Idumaean (assassinated)


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