1561


1561

Year 1561 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events of 1561

* June 4 - St. Paul's Cathedral in London is badly damaged by fire and the spire is destroyed after being struck by lightning.
*July - Killing of the hated encomendero Pedro de Avendaño and two other Spaniards triggered the Second Great Rebellion of the Mapuche in the Arauco War.
* August 19 - Mary, Queen of Scots is denied passage through England after returning from France. She arrives at Leith, Scotland on August 19.
* October 18 - Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima: Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts.

Undated

* The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots.
* Kingston Grammar School is founded.
* The first Calvinists settle in England after fleeing Flanders.
* Madrid is declared the capital of Spain by Philip II.
* Ruy López develops modern techniques of chess playing in Spain.
* Sweden conquers Livonia (modern Estonia).
* Michelangelo Buonarroti finishes "Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri" in Rome.
* Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow (started in 1534) is finished.
* Pensacola, the first European settlement in North America, and its support fleet are both destroyed by a hurricane. Two survivors manage to walk the long, arduous journey to Mexico City. The city is not re-settled until 1698.
* Between 1561 and 1670 3,229 witches are executed in southwestern Germany, most by burning.

Births

* January 6 - Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (d. 1656)
* January 22 - Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher, scientist, and statesman (d. 1626)
*June - Samuel Harsnett, Archbishop of York (d. 1631)
* July 11 - Luís de Góngora y Argote, Spanish poet (d. 1627)
* July 17 - Jacopo Corsi, Italian composer (d. 1602)
* August 4 - John Harington, courtier, inventor and writer (d. 1612)
* August 20 - Jacopo Peri, Italian composer (d. 1633)
* August 24 - Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk (d. 1626)
* August 25 - Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer (d. 1632)
* September 10 - Hernando Arias de Saavedra, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1634)
* September 29 - Adriaan van Roomen, Belgian mathematician (d. 1615)
* October 27 - Mary Sidney, English writer, patroness and translator (d. 1621)
* December 7 - Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (d. 1625)
* December 9 - Edwin Sandys, English founder of the colony of Virginia (d. 1629)
*"date unknown" - Stephen Bachiler, non-conformist minister and pioneer settler of New England (d. 1656)

Deaths

* January 31
** Menno Simons, Anabaptist religious leader and Mennonite founder (b. 1496)
** Bairam Khan, Turcoman noble and poet (assassinated)
* February 26 - Jorge de Montemayor, Spanish writer (b. 1520)
* March 25 - Conrad Lycosthenes, humanist and encyclopedist (b. 1518)
* May 16 - Jan Tarnowski, Polish nobleman (b. 1488)
* June 6 - Ridolfo Ghirlandaio, painter (b. 1483)
* July 19 - Henry Lauder, Lord St Germains, Lord Advocate of Scotland
* September 1 - Edward Waldegrave, English policitian and recusant
* October 27 - Lope de Aguirre, Basque rebel and conquistador (b. 1510)
*November 11 - Hans Tausen, Danish reformer (b. 1494)
*"date unknown"
**Claude Garamond, French publisher (b. 1480)
**Ijuin Tadaaki, Japanese nobleman (b. 1520)
*"probable" - Luis de Milán, Spanish composer (b. 1500)


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  • 1561 — Années : 1558 1559 1560  1561  1562 1563 1564 Décennies : 1530 1540 1550  1560  1570 1580 1590 Siècles : XVe siècle  XVIe …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • 1561 — Años: 1558 1559 1560 – 1561 – 1562 1563 1564 Décadas: Años 1530 Años 1540 Años 1550 – Años 1560 – Años 1570 Años 1580 Años 1590 Siglos: Siglo XV – …   Wikipedia Español

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