- Booster (rocketry)
spaceflight, a booster may be either:
* an entire
launch vehicleor "launcher" used to lift a spacecraft. Initially all boosters used for human spaceflightand most unmanned boosters used liquid propellant, at least for the core launch vehicle.
* a strap-on rocket, (either a
solid rocket boosteror liquid rocket booster) used to augment the lift capability of a core launch vehicle
As examples of the first meaning, the booster for most of the Mercury manned program was the Atlas, for Gemini it was a
Titan II, and for Apollo it was usually the Saturn V.As an example of the second meaning, the Titan IIIused strap-on boosters.
Space Shuttle programwas the first time solid rockets were used in U.S. manned space launches. "Booster" can refer to either the Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Boosters, or to the entire vehicle as it ascends under powered flight, even after the solid rocket boosters are jettisoned.
When using strap-on boosters, the core vehicle is sometimes ignited concurrently at liftoff (as in the
Space Shuttle), or sometimes the vehicle lifts off solely using strap-on boosters, and core is ignited at altitude ( Titan III).
Another use of the term "booster" in spaceflight is the
Booster Systems Engineer, whose call sign is, Booster. This is a support position at NASA's Mission Control Center.
aviation, boosters are often called JATOrockets. Solid rocket boosters were planned for the some Air Force programs such as the X-20 Dyna-Soar, but were ultimately never used.
missiles also use solid rocket boosters. Examples are;
*2K11 (SA-4) which uses SRBs as a first stage, and then a
*S-200 (SA-5) which uses SRBs as the first stage, followed by a solid fuel rocket.
*Surface launched versions of the
turbojetpowered Boeing Harpoonuse an SRB.
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