Booster (rocketry)


Booster (rocketry)

In spaceflight, a booster may be either:
* an entire launch vehicle or "launcher" used to lift a spacecraft. Initially all boosters used for human spaceflight and most unmanned boosters used liquid propellant, at least for the core launch vehicle.
* a strap-on rocket, (either a solid rocket booster or liquid rocket booster) used to augment the lift capability of a core launch vehicle

Examples

As examples of the first meaning, the booster for most of the Mercury manned program was the Atlas, for Gemini it was a Titan II, and for Apollo it was usually the Saturn V.As an example of the second meaning, the Titan III used strap-on boosters.

The Space Shuttle program was the first time solid rockets were used in U.S. manned space launches. "Booster" can refer to either the Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Boosters, or to the entire vehicle as it ascends under powered flight, even after the solid rocket boosters are jettisoned.

When using strap-on boosters, the core vehicle is sometimes ignited concurrently at liftoff (as in the Space Shuttle), or sometimes the vehicle lifts off solely using strap-on boosters, and core is ignited at altitude (Titan III).

Other uses

Another use of the term "booster" in spaceflight is the Booster Systems Engineer, whose call sign is, Booster. This is a support position at NASA's Mission Control Center.

In aviation, boosters are often called JATO rockets. Solid rocket boosters were planned for the some Air Force programs such as the X-20 Dyna-Soar, but were ultimately never used.

Various missiles also use solid rocket boosters. Examples are;
*2K11 (SA-4) which uses SRBs as a first stage, and then a ramjet.
*S-200 (SA-5) which uses SRBs as the first stage, followed by a solid fuel rocket.
*Surface launched versions of the turbojet powered Boeing Harpoon use an SRB.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • booster — boosterish, adj. /booh steuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that boosts, esp. an energetic and enthusiastic supporter. 2. Elect. a device connected in series with a current for increasing or decreasing the nominal circuit voltage. 3. Railroads. any… …   Universalium

  • Common Booster Core — Not to be confused with Common Core Booster. Common Booster Core Delivery of the CBC used as the first stage of Delta 342, which launched GOES 14 Manufacturer Boeing (1998–2006) United Launch Alliance (2006 ) …   Wikipedia

  • Common Core Booster — Not to be confused with Common Booster Core. Common Core Booster The CCB of Atlas V AV 021 is erected at the Vertical Integration Facility of SLC 41 ahead of the launch of the Solar Dynamics Observatory …   Wikipedia

  • Boilerplate (rocketry) — The term boilerplate in rocketry refers to a non functional craft, system, or payload which is used to test various configurations and basic size, load, and handling characteristics. It is far less expensive to build multiple, full scale, non… …   Wikipedia

  • Motor principal (cohete) — Motor principal GEM 40 adherido para una lanzadera Delta II. En términos de vuelos espaciales, un motor principal, también conocido como booster puede ser: la lanzadera completa usada para elevar una nave espacial. En una primera fase todos los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • GRAU — Armed Forces of the Russian Federation …   Wikipedia

  • space exploration — Investigation of the universe beyond Earth s atmosphere by means of manned and unmanned spacecraft. Study of the use of rockets for spaceflight began early in the 20th century. Germany s research on rocket propulsion in the 1930s led to… …   Universalium

  • Estes Industries — (AKA Estes Cox Corporation) is a company based in Penrose, Colorado, USA that designs and builds model rocket and model aircraft engines and kits. Powered by pressed black powder rocket motors, the rockets can achieve altitudes of 2500 feet.Estes …   Wikipedia

  • Solid-fuel rocket — A solid rocket or a solid fuel rocket is a rocket with a motor that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer). The earliest rockets were solid fueled, powered by gunpowder, used by the Chinese and Arabs in warfare as early as the 13th century. All… …   Wikipedia

  • Civilian Space eXploration Team — CSXT/GoFast space launch, May 17, 2004. Photo by Ian Kluft KO6YQ The Civilian Space eXploration Team, known as CSXT, is a team of around 30 civilians interested in private spaceflight.[citation needed] …   Wikipedia