infobox UK place
population= 32,972 (2001 Census)
region= South West England
Exmouth (pronEng|ˈɛksməθ) is a port
townand seaside resortin Devon, England, at the east side of the mouth of the River Exe. It has a population of 32,972 (2001 census).
Geography and administration
The town is defined by the sea and river frontages (each about a mile long), and stretching around 2.5 miles (4 km) inland, along a north-easterly axis. The docks lie at the western corner of this rectangle, where the river passes through a relatively narrow passage into the sea, the mouth of the estuary being nearly closed by
Dawlish Warrenon the opposite shore of the river. Dawlish Warren is one of the few natural sand spits in the world and is home to a wide range of rare and exciting wildlife and plants. The sea frontage forms a fine, golden sand, 2-mile long beach; at its eastern end, the town is limited by the cliffs of the High Land of Orcombe, a National Trust-owned open space which rises to a peak at Orcombe Point.
Geologically, the low hill known as "The Beacon", in the centre of the present town, is formed of
breccias that are an outcrop of a similar formation on the west side of the Exe estuary. The rising land on which the town has grown is formed of New Red Sandstone. This solid land is surrounded by mudflats and sandspits, some of which have been stabilised and now form part of the land on which the town is built, and some of which remain as tidal features in the estuary and off the coast; the outflow from the river flows eastwards, parallel to the beach, for some distance, limited by sandbanks that are exposed at low tide.
Administratively Exmouth lies within the
East Devondistrict, along with neighbouring coastal towns east of the Exe. It has its own town council, presided over by a mayor.
Although Roman coins have been found around Exmouth, there is no evidence of Roman settlement in the area. From the 11th century there is evidence of a
ferryport in the area of the present docks, which have only recently (2001-2002) been converted into a marina. For some centuries, however, commercial trade through the port was limited by the power of Exeter, which owned the dock and controlled estuary traffic. The dock served primarily as a base for fishing, and a small amount of commercial fishing is undertaken to this day.
The name Exmouth seems to be relatively recent; in Saxon times and the
Middle Agesthe present town consisted of two parishes, Littleham and Withycombe (these names are still used for districts of the town), while in the 13th century there are references to the dock area as "Pratteshuthe". By the end of the 17th century, however, the town was developing something of its modern form, and becoming known as a seaside resort. Exmouth's Georgian terraces and sandy beachattracted people including Horatio Nelson, whose wife, Lady Nelsonlies buried in the nearby Littleham Churchyard, and Lord Byron. Mass tourism developed rapidly after the arrival of the railwayin 1861.
Exmouth has a wide and varied range of architecture, ranging from small cob cottages in parts of the town that were once villages and are now incorporated into it, such as Withycombe, to the many Georgian, Victorian and
Edwardiantown houses. The seafront has a traditional promenade.
The majority of buildings in Exmouth were constructed during the Victorian era with the arrival of the railway. The area to the west of Exeter Road is land that was reclaimed by the railway, Exeter Road originally being part of the seafront. The houses in the colony were mainly constructed for the workers of the railway.
There have been 3 railway stations at Exmouth. The line first reached Exmouth from
Exeterin 1861. In the first five days 10,000 people travelled on the line and property prices increased overnight. By the 1880s commuter traffic to Exeter was considerable. In 1903 a link to Budleigh Saltertonwas opened the line going eastward over a viaduct which went from Exeter Road to Park Road where it entered a cutting continuing onto Littleham Cross where there was also a station (now a private residence), and from there to Budleigh Salterton, there turning north to rejoin the main London and South Western Railwayline. Exmouth Station was rebuilt in 1926. When the line to Budleigh was lifted the viaductwas left in place for many years and as it slowly decayed arches here and there were removed, with its final destruction in the late 1980s. A plethora of cheaply built houses mark its position now. The route of the line continued behind Phear Park, which was once the grounds of a large house belonging to the Phear family, used during the Second World Warto station U.S.soldiers. Shortly after the war the house was burnt down and left derelict; eventually it too was demolished, and its grounds were given to the town by the Phear family to become a park. The old railway line behind Phear Park was just left as a bare trackbed for many years. At its far end there was a short tunnel through to Littleham, which was filled in when the line was closed. The trackbed has now been tarmacked and now forms an off-road cycle way from Exmouth to Budleigh Salteron.
The odd little house called
A La Ronde, now in the ownership of the National Trust, lies on the northern outskirts of the town.Exmouth also has one of the county's longest surviving nightclubs: Samanthas. This was originally a cinema before being converted into a ten pin bowling alley. While it was a bowling alley, in the late sixties and early seventies, a small dance club called Deneys was set up in a small part of the building. It proved so successful that in 1973 it was converted to a nightclub and has remained so ever since. The club has seen many national and international artists as well as many well known radio DJs. The club is also the resident venue of Mr Sams himself - Alan Clarke - who has worked as DJ and subsequently as Manager at the venue since 1978 and is still there in 2007.
Demographics and Economics
In addition to its substantial summer tourist trade, Exmouth serves as a regional centre for leisure industries, particularly water sports such as
sailingand wind-surfing, and outdoor activities such as bird-watching and walking. The Exe Estuaryis a Site of Special Scientific Interest(SSSI) and is noted in particular for its wading and migrating birds. A large part of the estuary lies within a nature reserve. Exmouth marks the western end of the Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site, which stretches eastwards along the coast to Poole, in Dorset; the South West Coast Pathallows for walking along this coast. The town is also at the western end of the East Devon Waypath that leads to Lyme Regis.
Exmouth serves as a
commutertown for Exeter, to which it has good public transportlinks by train and bus. Commuters by car mainly using the very crowded A376 to get to Exeter from the Northern part of the town - the village of Brixington - represented on East Devon District Council and Exmouth Town Council by Trevor Cope.
Exmouth railway stationis the terminus of the Avocet Lineto Exeter St Davids station. The Exmouth to Starcross Ferryis a passenger ferrythat operates during the summer months across the Exe Estuaryto Starcross, where the pumping station for Brunel's Atmospheric Railway can be seen.
University of Plymouthhas a campus in the town. Rolle Collegehas had a reputation for over half a century of excellence in teacher training. However, in 2005 the University announced plans to relocate all teacher training to its Plymouth campus from autumn 2008. Exmouth Community Collegeis the school with the highest number of students in Devon(2,327 pupils including 6th form), [ [http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/reports/index.cfm?fuseaction=summary&id=113504 Ofsted inspection reports for Exmouth Community College] ] and one of the highest in Europe.
References and footnotes
* [http://www.exmouth-guide.co.uk Town guide]
*(http://www.exmouthonline.com) - Exmouths own Community site
*(http://www.ledleisure.co.uk/index/eschome.asp) - Exmouth Sports Centre
* [http://www.exmouthjournal.co.uk Exmouth Journal - local newspaper]
* [http://www.exmouthskiclub.com/m1ooo/images/aerial.jpgExe Estuary Aerial View]
* [http://www.southwestcoastpath.com/ The South West Coast Path National Trail]
* [http://www.exmouth.com/ Exmouth.com]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Exmouth — bezeichnet: als Name: eines britischen Seeoffiziers und Adligen aus der Zeit der napoleonischen Kriege, siehe Edward Pellew, 1. Viscount Exmouth, als Ort: Exmouth (Devon), in Devon, nahe Exeter Exmouth (Western Australia) als Schiff: als HMS… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Exmouth  — Exmouth, Stadt an der Mündung des Ex in den Kanal, in der englischen Grafschaft Devon; hat ein sehr besuchtes Seebad, außerdem nur Fischerei; 5150 Ew … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Exmouth  — Exmouth (spr. Eksmaudd), Edward Pellew, Lord E., geb. 1757 in Dover; nahm 1770 Seedienste, machte auf mehreren Kriegsschiffen Fahrten nach den Falklandsinseln u. dem Mittelmeere u. 1777 auf dem Champlainsee in Nordamerika, wurde hier durch die… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Exmouth  — Exmouth (spr. möth), Seestadt im östlichen Devonshire (England), an der Mündung des Exe, 16 km unterhalb Exeter, hat Docks, Seebäder, Fischerei, Spitzenfabrikation und (1901) 10,485 Einw. Vgl. Webb, Memorials of E. (1873) … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Exmouth  — Exmouth (spr. möth), Edward Pellew, Viscount, brit. Admiral, geb. 19. April 1757, gest. 23. Jan. 1833, trat 1770 in die Marine und ward 1782 Kapitän. Im Seekriege gegen Frankreich errang er seit 1793 große Erfolge, wofür er 1796 zum Baronet… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Exmouth — (spr. éxmöth), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Devon, an der Mündung des Exe in den Kanal, (1901) 10.487 E., Seebäder, Fischerhafen … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Exmouth  — Exmouth (Ecksmösh), engl. Stadt an der Mündung des Ex in den Kanal mit 4500 E.; Seebäder … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Exmouth  — Exmouth, Edward Pellew, Viscount von, geb. 1757 zu Dover, Seemann seit 1770, focht in allen Kriegen mit Auszeichnung, wurde jedoch besonders 1816 durch sein Commando im Mittelmeere gegen die Barbaresken bekannt; er hatte den Auftrag, dieselben… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Exmouth — [ eksmaʊθ], Seebad in der County Devon, Südwestengland, am Ärmelkanal, an der Ostseite des Exeästuars, 30 000 Einwohner; Jachthafen. … Universal-Lexikon
Exmouth — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Exmouth peut désigner : Exmouth (Angleterre) Exmouth (Australie) Catégorie : Homonymie … Wikipédia en Français