Chipping Campden


Chipping Campden

Coordinates: 52°03′14″N 1°46′23″W / 52.054°N 1.773°W / 52.054; -1.773

Chipping Campden
Chipping CampdenHighSt.jpg
High Street, Chipping Campden
Chipping Campden is located in Gloucestershire
Chipping Campden

 Chipping Campden shown within Gloucestershire
Population 2,206 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SP155395
District Cotswold
Shire county Gloucestershire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHIPPING CAMPDEN
Postcode district GL55
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places: UK • England • Gloucestershire

Chipping Campden is a small market town within the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England. It is notable for its elegant terraced High Street, dating from the 14th century to the 17th century. ("Chipping" is from Old English cēping, "a market, a market-place"; the same element is found in other towns such as Chipping Norton, Chipping Sodbury and Chipping (now High) Wycombe.[1])

A rich wool trading centre in the Middle Ages, Chipping Campden enjoyed the patronage of wealthy wool merchants (see also wool church). Today it is a popular Cotswold tourist destination with old inns, hotels, specialist shops and restaurants. The High Street is lined with honey-coloured limestone buildings, built from the mellow locally quarried oolitic limestone known as Cotswold stone, and boasts a wealth of fine vernacular architecture. At its centre stands the Market Hall with its splendid arches, built in 1627.

Other attractions include the grand early perpendicular wool church of St James – with its medieval altar frontals (c.1500), cope (c.1400) and vast and extravagant 17th century monuments to local wealthy silk merchant Sir Baptist Hicks and his family – the Almshouses and Woolstaplers Hall. The Court Barn near the church is now a museum celebrating the rich Arts and Crafts tradition of the area (see below). Hicks was also responsible for Campden House, which was destroyed by fire during the English Civil War possibly to prevent it falling into the hands of the Parliamentarians. All that now remains of Hicks' once imposing estate are two gatehouses, two Jacobean banqueting houses, restored by the Landmark Trust and Lady Juliana's gateway. Hick's descendants still live at the Court House attached to the site.[2]

There are two famous and historic gardens nearby: at Hidcote Manor Garden, owned and managed by the National Trust, and at Kiftsgate, in private ownership but open to the public.

Two miles to the west, in the grounds of Weston Park near Saintbury, are the earthwork remains of a motte and bailey castle.

Contents

Cotswold Games

Since the early seventeenth century the town has been home to a championship of rural games, which later turned into Robert Dover's Cotswold Olimpick Games. The Olimpicks are held every summer on the Friday evening following the late Spring Bank-holiday (usually late May or early June), on Dover's Hill, near Chipping Campden. Peculiar to the games is the sport of shin-kicking (hay stuffed down the trousers can ease one's brave passage to later rounds). To mark the end of the games, there is a huge bonfire and firework display. This is followed by a torch-lit procession back into the town and dancing to a local band in the square. The Scuttlebrook Wake takes place the following day. The locals don fancy dress costumes and follow the Scuttlebrook Queen, with her four attendants and Page Boy, in a procession to the centre of town pulled on a decorated dray by the town's own Morris Men. This is then followed by the presentation of prizes and displays of Maypole and Country dancing by the two primary schools and the Morris Men Morris dancing. Another procession from there past the fairground in Leysbourne and the Alms Houses brings that stage of the celebration to a close whilst the fair continues until mid-night and, like a ghost, is gone by the morning.

Arts and Crafts movement

In the early 20th century, the town became known as a centre for the Cotswold Arts and Crafts Movement, following the move of Charles Robert Ashbee with the members of his Guild and School of Handicraft from the East End of London in 1902. The Guild of Handicraft specialised in metalworking, producing jewellery and enamels, as well as hand-wrought copper and wrought ironwork, and furniture-making. A number of artists and writers settled in the area, including F. L. Griggs, the etcher, who built Dover's Court, one of the last significant Arts and Crafts houses, and set up the Campden Trust with Norman Jewson and others, initially to protect Dover's Hill from development. H. J. Massingham, the rural writer who celebrated the traditions of the English countryside, also settled near the town. Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy, the Sri Lankan philosopher and art critic who was a colleague of Ashbee, settled at Broad Campden, where Ashbee adapted the Norman chapel for him.

Notable people

  • Graham Greene the prolific English novelist, playwright, short story writer and critic lived, between 1931 to 1933, [3] with his wife Vivien at "Little Orchard" in the town. [4]
  • Ernest Wilson, plantsman, was born in the town.
  • Sir Percy Hobart, armoured vehicle strategist and commander of the 79th Armoured Division in the Second World War, came from Chipping Campden and led the Home Guard there during the war.

See also

References

  1. ^ A.D. Mills, Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford University Press, 1998), p. 83.
  2. ^ Cream of the Cotswolds at Times Online
  3. ^ [1] Campden Cottages web site
  4. ^ Vivien Greene Obituary The Guardian 23 August 2003

External links

General

Following the Cotswold Way
Towards
Bath
Towards
Chipping Campden
9 km (6 miles) to
Broadway
to
-

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chipping Campden — (spr. tschipping kämmd n), alte Stadt in Gloucestershire (England), in den Cotswold Hills, mit schöner gotischer Kirche, den Ruinen eines im 17. Jahrh. zerstörten Rathauses, Lateinschule und 2015 Einw. Nahebei Campden House, Landsitz des Lords… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chipping Campden — 52° 03′ 13″ N 1° 46′ 24″ W / 52.0537, 1.7732 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chipping Campden — Original name in latin Chipping Campden Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 52.04964 latitude 1.7767 altitude 139 Population 1986 Date 2010 05 24 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Chipping — is a prefix used in a number of place names in England, probably derived from ceapen, an Old English word meaning market , though the meaning may alternatively come from (or via) the Medieval English word chepynge with a more specific meaning of… …   Wikipedia

  • Chipping Sodbury railway station — Chipping Sodbury The remains of the station viewed from the west. Location Place …   Wikipedia

  • Chipping — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom Chipping peut désigner : Chipping Campden, un petit bourg anglais dans le district de Cotswold. Chipping Norton, une ville anglaise dans l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • The Campden Wonder — was a series of events in the town of Chipping Campden that attracted popular attention in England in the years 1660 ndash;1662.The Perry trialOn Thursday, August 16, 1660, an Englishman named William Harrison, aged about 70 years old, left his… …   Wikipedia

  • Чиппинг-Кемпден* — (Chipping Campden)Chipping Campden, живописная старая котсуолдская деревня и центр кустарных ремесел в графстве Глостершир, Англия …   Страны мира. Словарь

  • Cotswold Line — Overview Type Rural, Heavy rail System National Rail …   Wikipedia

  • Cotswold Games — “Olympicks” redirects here. For the international games, see Olympic Games.The Cotswold Olimpick Games are an annual public celebration of games and sports held in the Cotswolds in the West Country of England. The games began sometime between… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.