Vānara (Sanskrit: वानर) popularly refers to a group of ape-like humanoids in the Hindu epic Ramayana who were brave and inquisitive by nature. They possessed supernatural powers and could change their shapes. The term Vanara can be described as forest-dweller (vane carati iti vanara).
In the Ramayana
Vanaras are created by Brahma and other gods to help Rama in battle against Ravana. They are powerful and have many godly traits. Taking Brahma's orders, the gods began to parent sons in the semblance of monkeys (Ramayana 1.17.8). The Vanaras took birth in bears and monkeys attaining the shape and valor of the gods and goddesses who created them (Ramayana 1.17.17-18). After Vanaras were created they began to organize into armies and spread across the forests, although some, including Vali, Sugriva, and Hanuman, stayed near mount Riskshavat.
According to the Ramayana, the Vanaras lived primarily in the region of Kishkindha in present-day Karnataka, in the midst of Dandaka Forest, where Lord Rama met them during his search for Sita. An army of millions of Vanaras helped Rama in his search for Sita, and also in battle against Ravana, Sita's abductor. The built a bridge over the ocean so that Rama and the army could cross to Lanka. As described in the epic, the characteristics of the Vanara include being amusing, childish, mildly irritating, badgering, hyperactive, adventurous, bluntly honest, loyal, courageous, and kind.
In the Ramayana Hanuman changes shape several times. For example, while he searches for the kidnapped Sita in Ravana's palaces on Lanka, he contracts himself to the size of a cat, so that he will not be detected by the enemy. Later on, he takes on the size of a mountain, blazing with radiance, to show his true power to Sita.
- Lord Hanuman, devotee of Lord Rama
- Anjana, Hanuman's mother
- Kesari, Hanuman's foster father
- Sugriva, king of Kishkindha, son of Surya
- Vali, Sugriva's brother, and a son of Indra
- Angada, son of Vali, helped Rama find his wife Sita
- Tara, wife of Vali Created by Brihaspathi
- Gandhamadana, incarnation of Kubera
- Nala, incarnation of Vishwakarma
- Makardhwaja - son of Hanuman
- ^ Vanamali, Mataji Devi (2010). Hanuman: The Devotion and Power of the Monkey God Inner Traditions, USA. ISBN 1594773378. pp. 13.
- ^ Balakanda
- ^ 
- ^ 
- ^ Goldman, Robert P. (Introduction, translation and annotation) (1996). Ramayana of Valmiki: An Epic of Ancient India, Volume V: Sundarakanda. Princeton University Press, New Jersey. 0691066620. pp. 45-47.
Ramayana by Valmiki Ikshvaku clan Vanara Rakshasa Sages Other characters Places OtherLakshman Rekha · List of adaptations Hindu deities and texts Gods Goddesses Texts
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Vánara — Los vánaras son seres legendarios de la mitología hindú, parecidos a hombres mono. En letra devánagari se escribe वानर (vānara), literalmente ‘del bosque’. El nombre vánara podría provenir de la abreviación de vána nara: humanos (nara) del bosque … Wikipedia Español
vanära — • förnedra, förringa, förödmjuka, vanhedra, vanära, degradera … Svensk synonymlexikon
vanara — वनर … Indonesian dictionary
vānara — वानर … Indonesian dictionary
vanära — I s ( n) skam, vanheder II v ( de, t) vanhedra … Clue 9 Svensk Ordbok
Vanara Sena — According to Hindu beliefs the Army of Monkeys or vanaras , helped Lord Rama fight the armies of Ravana of Lanka in the epic Ramayana .It also was the name of an organization of young Indian boys and girls created by the young Indira Gandhi in… … Wikipedia
vānara-dhvaja — वानरध्वज … Indonesian dictionary
vānara-ketana — वानरकेतन … Indonesian dictionary
vānara-ketu — वानरकेतु … Indonesian dictionary
vānara-priya — वानरप्रिय … Indonesian dictionary