Amelia Island Affair

Amelia Island Affair

The Amelia Island Affair was an episode in the history of colonial Florida.

The Embargo Act (1807) and the abolishment of the American slave trade (1808) made Amelia Island, on the coast of Spanish Florida, a resort for smugglers with sometimes as many as 300 square-rigged vessels in its harborFact|date=August 2007. To Amelia in June, 1817, came Gregor MacGregor, a Scottish adventurer styling himself the "brigadier general" of the United Provinces of the New Granada and Venezuela and general-in-chief of the armies of the two FloridasFact|date=August 2007. A peripatetic military adventurer, McGregor raised funds and troops for a full-scale invasion of Florida throughout the United States, but he squandered the money on luxuries in the United States and as word of his conduct in South American wars reached the United States, much of his invasion force deserted. Nonetheless, he overran the island with a small force, but left for Nassau in September.

His followers were soon joined by Louis-Michel Aury, formerly associated with McGregor in South American adventures, and previously leader of a pirates' gang on Galveston Island, TexasFact|date=August 2007. Aury assumed control of Amelia, got a legislature elected, set a committee to drawing a constitution, and invited all Florida to unite in throwing off the Spanish yoke. The United States, which had plans to annexe the peninsula, sent a naval force which captured Amelia Island on December 23, 1817, and put an end to the republic. The island was returned to the Spanish prior to 1821.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amelia Island — is one of the southernmost of the Sea Islands, a chain of barrier islands that stretches along the east coast of the United States from South Carolina to Florida. It is convert|13|mi|km long (21 km) and approximately 4 miles (6 km) wide at its… …   Wikipedia

  • Steffi Graf — Infobox Tennis player bgcolour = gold playername = Steffi Graf country = GER [Before the German reunification, she played for West Germany] residence = Las Vegas, Nevada datebirth = birth date and age|mf=yes|1969|6|14 placebirth = Mannheim, Baden …   Wikipedia

  • List of United States military history events — From 1776 to 2008, there have been hundreds of instances of the deployment of United States military forces abroad and domestically. The list through 1975 is based on Committee on International Relations (now known as the Committee on Foreign… …   Wikipedia

  • Gregor MacGregor — For the Scottish cricketer who played for England, see Gregor MacGregor (cricketer) : For the Australian politician with a similar name, see Gregor McGregor Gregor MacGregor (December 24, 1786 – December 3 1845) was a Scottish soldier, adventurer …   Wikipedia

  • USS Revenge (1806) — The third Revenge was a schooner in the United States Navy during the years preceding the War of 1812.Early service Revenge was purchased by the Navy at New Orleans in December 1806. Ordered to the Atlantic coast, the schooner, commanded by Lt.… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael T. Lynch — Michael Thomas Lynch Born October 25, 1938 (1938 10 25) (age 73) Cleveland, Ohio Occupation author, journalist, historian, consultant Nationality American …   Wikipedia

  • Jarmila Gajdošová — Infobox Tennis player playername = Jarmila Gajdosova country = SVK AUS residence = Sydney, Australia datebirth = birth date and age|1987|4|26 placebirth = Bratislava, Czechoslovakia now Slovakia website = [… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Snow — is a pianist, bandleader, composer, and educator from New England.BiographyTom Snow is a graduate from the New England Conservatory of Music (M.M. 2005) and the Berklee College of Music (B.M. 1991). Tom has studied improvisation and piano with… …   Wikipedia

  • List of past General Hospital characters — The following is a list of notable past characters from the soap opera, General Hospital who are not notable enough for their own articles. Characters are listed based on the decade in which they first appeared. Contents 1 2010 present 1.1 Warren …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.