- 60 Minutes
:"Not to be confused with the BBC news magazine program
Sixty Minutes (TV series)."Infobox Television
show_name =60 Minutes
picture_format = 480i (
SDTV)1080i ( HDTV)
runtime = 42 minutes
starring = "See Correspondents below"
country = USA
company = CBS News Productions
September 24, 1968
last_aired = Present
website = http://www.cbsnews.com/sections/60minutes/main3415.shtml
sixty minutes site = http://www.sixtyminutes.com
imdb_id = 0123338
tv_com_id = 22529
"60 Minutes" is an investigative television
newsmagazineon United Statestelevision, which has run on CBS Newssince 1968. The program was created by long time producer Don Hewittwho set it apart by using a unique style of reporter-centered investigation. It has been among the top-rated TV programs for much of its life, and has garnered numerous awards over the years. It is considered by many to be the preeminent investigative television program in the United States. The fall of 2008 will see the program's 40th anniversary, and it currently holds the record for the longest continuously running program of any genre scheduled during American network prime time; the longer-running " Meet the Press" has also aired in prime time. So have have the Disney anthology television series(which premiered in 1954), and the Hallmark Hall of Fame(since 1951), but none of them have aired in prime time continually, as "60 Minutes" has done.
The inspiration of the show came from the controversial Canadian news program "
This Hour Has Seven Days", which ran from 1964 to 1966.
Initially, "60 Minutes" aired as a bi-weekly show hosted by
Harry Reasonerand Mike Wallace, debuting on September 24, 1968and alternating weeks with other CBS News productions on Tuesday evenings. Don Hewitt, who had been a producer of the " CBS Evening News" with Walter Cronkite, sought out Wallace as a stylistic contrast to Reasoner (Madsen, 14). According to one historian of the show, the idea of the format was to make the hosts the reporters, to always feature stories that were of national importance but focused upon individuals involved with, or in conflict with, those issues, and to limit the reports' airtime to around thirteen minutes [Madsen 14] . However, the initial season was troubled by lack of network confidence.
When Reasoner left CBS to co-anchor ABC's evening newscast (he would return to CBS and the show in
1978), Morley Saferjoined the team in 1970, and he took over Reasoner's duties of reporting less aggressive stories. However, when Richard Nixonbegan targeting press access and reporting, even Safer began to do "hard" investigative reports, and that year alone "60 Minutes" reported on cluster bombs, the South Vietnamese Army, Canada's amnesty for American draft dodgers, Nigeria, the Middle East, and Northern Ireland[Madsen 15] . In 1983, Safer's report, " Lenell Geter's in Jail," single-handedly freed from prison the Texan who was wrongly convicted of armed robbery, and is, to this day, one of the program's crowning achievements.
In 1971, the "Point/Counterpoint" segment was introduced, featuring
James J. Kilpatrickand Nicholas von Hoffman(later Shana Alexander), a three-minute debate between spokespeople for the political right and left, respectively. This segment pioneered a format that would later be adapted by CNNfor its " Crossfire" show. This ran until 1979, when Andy Rooney, whose commentaries were already alternating with the debate segment since the fall of 1978, replaced it; Rooney remains with the program today.
By 1971, the FCC introduced the
Prime Time Access Rule, which freed local network affiliates in the top 50 markets (in practice, the entire network) to take a half hour of prime time from the networks on Mondays through Saturdays and one full hour on Sundays. Because nearly all affiliates found production costs for the FCC's intended goal of increased public affairs programming very high and the ratings (thus advertising revenues) low, making it mostly unprofitable, the FCC created an exception for network-authored news and public affairs. After a six-month hiatus in late 1971, CBS thus found a prime place for "60 Minutes" in a portion of that displaced time, 6-7 p.m. (Eastern time) on Sundays, in January 1972 [Madsen 15] .
This proved somewhat less than satisfactory, however, as, especially during the fall when CBS broadcast late
National Football Leaguegames, "60 Minutes" got preempted fairly frequently; football telecasts were protected contractually from interruptions in the wake of the infamous " Heidi Game" incident on NBCin November 1968. Other sporting events such as golftournaments occasionally caused this problem also. Nonetheless, the program's hard-hitting reports attracted a steadily growing audience, particularly during the waning days of the Vietnam Warand the gripping events of the Watergate scandal; at that time, few if any other major-network news shows did in-depth investigative reporting to the degree carried out by "60 Minutes." Eventually, during the summers of 1973 through 1975, CBS did allow the show back onto the prime time schedule proper, on Fridays in 1973 and Sundays the two years thereafter.
It was only when the FCC returned an hour to the networks on Sundays (for children's/family or news programming), taken away from them four years earlier, in a
1975[http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/P/htmlP/primetime/primetime.htm amendment] to the Access Rule that CBS finally found a viable permanent timeslot for "60 Minutes." When a family-oriented drama, "Three for the Road," ended after a 13-week run in the fall, the newsmagazine took its place at 7/6 p.m. in December. It has aired at that time since, for over 32 years, making "60 Minutes" not only the longest-running prime time program currently in production, but also the television program (excluding daily programs such as evening newscasts or breakfast shows) broadcasting for the longest length of time at a single time period each week in U.S. television history.
This move, and the addition of then-
White Housecorrespondent Dan Ratherto the reporting team, made the program into a strong ratings hit and, eventually, a general cultural phenomenon. Within the first season, "60 Minutes" became the top-rated show on Sunday nights in the U.S. By 1979, it had achieved the number-one Nielsen rating for all television programs. This success translated into great profits for CBS; advertising rates went from $17,000 per thirty seconds in 1975 to $175,000 in 1982 [Madsen 17] .
The program has rarely been pre-empted since about 1978. Two notable pre-emptions occurred in 1976 and 1977, to make room for the annual telecast of "The Wizard of Oz", which had recently returned to CBS after being shown on NBC for eight years. However, CBS would, in the future, schedule the film so that it would no longer pre-empt "60 Minutes".
In 1979, Channel 9 in
Australialicensed a spin-off of "60 Minutes", complete with ticking clock and format, and, later, New Zealandfollowed suit with its own "60 Minutes."
At 90 years old, Mike Wallace is not only the oldest television personality today (being four months older than
Helen Wagner), but one who has lasted the longest with one news show continuously, having been a part of 60 Minutes since its inception in 1968. On March 14, 2006, Wallace announced his retirement from "60 Minutes" after 37 years with the program. He continues to work for CBS News as a "Correspondent Emeritus".
As of 2008, "60 Minutes" is the only regularly scheduled television program in American television history not to have used any type of
theme music. The only theme sound is from the signature Aristo stopwatchin the opening title credits, before each commercial break, and at the tail-end of the closing credits.
"60 Minutes" is also aired via
CBS Radioon several of their radio stations at the same time as the television broadcast, such as WCBS-AM, KNX, WBBM-AM, WWJ, and several other stations across the country owned by CBS. An audio version of the full show is also distributed via podcastand the iTunes Store, beginning with the September 23, 2007 progam [ [http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/CA6480413.html CBS Making 60 Minutes Available as Free Podcast - 9/20/2007 5:25:00 PM - Broadcasting & Cable ] ] .
The format of "60 Minutes" consists of three long-form news stories, without superimposed graphics. The stories are introduced from a set which has a backdrop resembling a magazine story on the same topic. The show undertakes its own investigations and follows up on investigations instigated by national newspapers and other sources.
Many topics center on allegations of wrongdoing and corruption on the part of corporations, politicians, and other public officials. Said figures are commonly either subjected to an interview, or evade contact with the "60 Minutes" crew altogether, either by written notice or by simply fleeing from the approaching journalist and his camera crew. Instead of summarizing an interview or providing direct commentary on an issue, "60 Minutes" prefers to air the interview itself. When the subject is hiding a secret, the viewers witness the evasion directly.
The show also features profiles. The profiles are occasionally of celebrities and offer up a
biographyof the figure, focusing upon the celebrity's early life story, obstacles, and choices, rather than offering a simple publicityplatform. Non-celebrity profiles usually feature a person who has accomplished an heroic action or striven to improve the world.
Occasionally, however, if a celebrity has written a book or has a current film in release, the segment featuring them will also promote the book or film. However, the celebrity in question will always be profiled in detail, and never appears on the show simply to promote their product.
In tone, "60 Minutes" blends the probing journalism of the seminal 1950s CBS series "
See It Now" with Edward R. Murrow(a show for which Hewitt was the director its first few years) and the personality profiles of another Murrow program, "Person to Person". In Hewitt's own words, "60 Minutes" blends "higher Murrow" and "lower Murrow."
For most of the 1970s, the program included the Point/Counterpoint segment in which a liberal and a conservative commentator would debate a particular issue. This originally featured James J. Kilpatrick representing the conservative side and
Nicholas von Hoffmanfor the liberal, with Shana Alexandertaking over for von Hoffman after he departed in 1974. Although discontinued in 1979, when Andy Rooney, who had previously left the show with Harry Reasoner, returned to offer commentary, the segment was an innovation that caught the public imagination as a live version of competing editorials. Point/Counterpoint was also lampooned by the NBCcomedy series " Saturday Night Live", which featured Jane Curtinand Dan Aykroydas debaters, with Aykroyd typically beginning his remarks with, "Jane, you ignorant slut", and in the motion picture " Airplane!", in which the "faux" Kilpatrick argues in favor of the plane crashing.
A similar concept was revived briefly in March 2003, this time featuring
Bob Doleand Bill Clinton, former opponents in the 1996 presidential election. The pair agreed to do ten segments, which were called "Clinton/Dole" and "Dole/Clinton" in alternating weeks, but did not continue into the fall television season. Reports indicated that the segments were considered too gentlemanly, in the style of the earlier Point/Counterpoint, and lacked the feistiness of "Crossfire". [ [http://www.usatoday.com/life/columnist/mediamix/2003-05-06-media-mix_x.htm '60 Minutes' may veto Clinton-Dole face-offs] , Peter Johnson, " USA Today", 6 May 2003.]
Since 1979, the show has usually ended with a (usually light-hearted or humorous) commentary by Andy Rooney expounding on topics of wildly varying import, ranging from international politics, to economics, and to personal philosophy on every-day life. One recurring topic has been measuring the amount of coffee in coffee cans. [ [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/03/07/60minutes/rooney/main543240.shtml "A Pound of Coffee?"] ,
Andy Rooney, CBS News, July 6, 2003.] Rooney's pieces, particularly one in which he referred to actor Mel Gibsonas a "wacko," have on occasion led to complaints from viewers.
On Sunday, October 29, 2006, the opening sequence changed from a black background to white. The black background had been used for over a decade. Also, the gray background for the
Aristostopwatch in the "cover" changed to red.
Correspondents & hosts
Mike Wallace is perhaps the iconic representation of the style of journalism for which the show is known and has been on the show since its inception in 1968. Wallace retired in 2006, but remains as Correspondent Emeritus and retains an office at CBS News Headquarters.
The program's correspondents and commentators have included:
* Harry Smith (1987-present)
Past correspondents & hosts
* Mike Wallace (1968–2006) [ [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/03/14/60minutes/main1401600.shtml Mike Wallace Retires From '60 Minutes] ,' "
CBS News", 14 March 2006.] — Correspondent Emeritus
Dan Rather(1968-1981, 2005-2006)
Harry Reasoner(1968-1970, 1978-1991)
* John Hart (1969-1975)
Ed Bradley(1976-2006) [cite web | title=60 Minutes' Ed Bradley Dead At 65 | url=http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/11/09/national/main2165871.shtml | accessdate=2006-11-09 | date=2006-11-09 | work=CBS News] * Marlene Sanders(1978-1987)
Meredith Vieira(1982-1985, 1989-1993) * Forrest Sawyer(1985-1987) * Connie Chung(1990-1993) * Paula Zahn(1990-1999) * John Roberts (1992-2005) * Deborah Norville(1993-1995) * Russ Mitchell(1995-1997)
Christiane Amanpour(1996-2005) * Bryant Gumbel(1998-2002)
Andy Rooneyhas contributed a commentary at the end of episodes. Other commentators include:
James J. Kilpatrick(Conservative debater, 1971–1979)
Shana Alexander(Liberal debater, 1975–1979)
Nicholas Von Hoffman(Liberal debater, 1971–1974)
Bill Clinton(Liberal debater, 2003)
Bob Dole(Conservative debater, 2003)
Stanley Crouch(Commentator, 1996)
Molly Ivins(Liberal commentator, 1996)
P. J. O'Rourke(Conservative commentator, 1996)
Ratings and recognition
Based on ratings, "60 Minutes" is the most successful broadcast in U.S. television history. For five of its seasons it has been that year's top program, a feat only matched by the sitcoms "
All in the Family" and " The Cosby Show". It was a top ten show for 23 seasons in a row (1977-2000), an unsurpassed record.Citation
last = CBS Interactive Inc
title = 60 Minutes: Milestones
access-date = 2007-05-22]
"60 Minutes" first broke into the Ratings Top 20 during the 1976-77 season. The following season it was the fourth-most-watched show, and by 1979-80, it was the number one show. During the 21st century it remains among the top 20 programs in the
Nielsen Ratings, and the highest-rated news magazine. [Citation
last = Peter
first = Johnson
title = At '60 Minutes,' clock ticking on change
access-date = 2007-05-22]
CBS has been the recipient of numerous awards, including
Peabody Awards for the segments "All in the Family", an investigation into abuses by government and military contractors; "The CIA's Cocaine", which uncovered CIA involvement in drug smuggling; "Friendly Fire", a report on incidents of friendly firein the Gulf War; and "Duke Rape Suspects Speak Out", the first interviews with the suspects in the 2006 Duke University lacrosse team scandal. [ [http://www.peabody.uga.edu/news/pressrelease.asp?ID=143 66th Annual Peabody Awards Winners Announced] ] They received an Investigative Reporter and Editor medal for their segment "The Osprey", documenting a Marine coverup of deadly flaws in the V-22 Ospreyaircraft. In 2007, "60 Minutes" received twelve Emmy Awardsnominations. [ [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/07/19/60minutes/main3075310.shtml?source=RSSattr=60Minutes_3075310 12 Emmy Nominations For "60 Minutes"] ]
The show has been praised for landmark journalism and received many awards. However, it has also become embroiled in some controversy, including:
In the 1982 "The Uncounted Enemy, a Vietnam Deception," which Mike Wallace narrated for CBS Reports, the news division's documentary program, it was reported that
William Westmoreland, former commander of American military operations in the Vietnam War, withheld information from decision-makers in Washington for political reasons. Westmoreland held a press conference a few days later, calling it a 'preposterous hoax,' and eventually sued for libel. " TV Guide" issued a report called 'Anatomy of a Smear,' detailing problems with the report, including the ignoring of contrary evidence, and video editing to change the questions Westmoreland is asked. Westmoreland withdrew the suit a few days before the protracted case was given to the jury. He and CBS News issued a joint statement in which CBS said it "does not believe that General Westmoreland was unpatriotic or disloyal inperforming his duties as he saw them." Westmoreland claimed a victory; CBS, in a separate statement, said nothing in the trial changed its stance that the report was "fair and accurate."
November 23, 1986, "60 Minutes" aired a segment greenlit by Don Hewitt, concerning the Audi 5000automobile, a popular German luxury car. The story concerned a number of incidents where the car purportedly accelerated without warning while parked, injuring or killing people. "60 Minutes" was unable to duplicate this behavior, and so hired an outside consultant to modify the transmission to behave in this manner, and aired a story about it.
The incident devastated Audi sales in the
United States, which did not reach the same level for another fifteen years. The initial incidents which prompted the report were found by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administrationand Transport Canadato have been attributable to operator error, where car owners had depressed the accelerator pedal instead of the brake pedal. CBS issued a partial retraction, without acknowledging the test results of involved government agencies. [ [http://www.ukar.org/hewitt01.html "A Car Possessed by Demons,"] Ukrainian Archive, April 24, 2002.]
A rival to "60 Minutes", "
Dateline NBC", would be found guilty of similar tactics years later regarding fuel tank integrity on General Motors pickup trucks.
In February 1989, 60 Minutes aired a report by the
Natural Resources Defense Councilclaiming health problems with Alar, a chemical sprayed on apples. Apple sales dropped and CBS was sued by apple growers. [cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= Judge Dismisses Apple Growers' Suit Against CBS |url= |quote= A Federal judge today dismissed a lawsuit that apple growers in Washington State filed against CBS after "60 Minutes" broadcast a report linking the chemical Alar to cancer. The report, broadcast Feb. 26, 1989, said the use of Alar increased the risk of cancer in humans, particularly children, and cited a study by the Natural Resources Defense Council. |publisher= New York Times|date= September 14, 1993|accessdate=2007-07-21 ]
A "60 Minutes" broadcast of
March 3, 1991dealt with controversies involving Werner Erhard's personal and business life. One year after the "60 Minutes" piece aired, Erhard filed a lawsuit against CBS and a variety of other defendants, claiming that the broadcast contained several "false, misleading and defamatory" statements about Erhard. Erhard dropped the lawsuit a few months before any court decision had been reached on its claims.cite book | last = Pressman | first = Steven | authorlink = Steven Pressman| title = | publisher = St. Martin's Press| date = 1993 | location = New York| pages = 255-258| url = | doi = | id = | isbn = 0-312-09296-2] The "60 Minutes" segment was made unavailable with the disclaimer: "This segment has been deleted at the request of CBS News for legal or copyright reasons." [ http://www.believermag.com/issues/200305/?read=article_snider believermag.com] Believermag.comretrieved 2007-10-21]
Brown and Williamson
In 1995, former
Brown and Williamson(B&W) Vice President for Research and Development Jeffrey Wigandprovided information to "60 Minutes" producer Lowell Bergmanthat B&W had systematically hidden the health risks of their cigarettes. (See [http://jeffreywigand.com/pascagoula.php transcription] .) Furthermore, it was alleged that B&W had introduced foreign agents ( fiberglass, ammonia, etc.) with the intent of enhancing the effect of nicotine. Bergman began to produce a piece based upon the information, but ran into opposition from Don Hewitt who, along with CBS lawyers, feared a billion dollar lawsuit from Brown and Williamson. Interestingly, a number of people in CBS would benefit from a sale of CBS to Westinghouse Electric Corporation, including the head of CBS lawyers and CBS News. Also, because of the interview, the son of the President of CBS Laurence Tisch, was among the people from the big tobacco companies in the risk of being caught having committed perjury.
Because of the hesitation from Hewitt, "
The Wall Street Journal" instead broke Wigand's story. The "60 Minutes" piece was eventually aired with substantially altered content, and was missing some of the most damning evidence against B&W. The exposé of the incident was published in an article in "Vanity Fair" by Marie Brenner, entitled "The Man Who Knew Too Much". [ [http://www.mariebrenner.com/articles/insider/man1.html "The Man Who Knew Too Much,"] Marie Brenner, "Vanity Fair", May, 1996.] " The New York Times" wrote that "60 Minutes" and CBS had "betrayed the legacy of Edward R. Murrow." The incident was turned into a seven-times Oscar-nominated feature film entitled "The Insider", directed by Michael Mann and starring Russell Croweand Al Pacino.;
U.S. Customs Service
"60 Minutes" alleged in 1997 that agents of the
U.S. Customs Serviceignored drug traffickingacross the U.S.-Mexico borderat San Diego. [ [http://www.opinionjournal.com/diary/?id=110005611 "I'd Rather Be Blogging: CBS stonewalls as 'guys in pajamas' uncover a fraud."] , John Fund, "The Wall Street Journal", September 13, 2004.] The only evidence was a memorandum apparently written by Rudy Camacho, who was the head of the San Diego branch office. Based on this memo, CBS alleged that Camacho had allowed trucks belonging to a particular firm to cross the border unimpeded. Mike Horner, a former Customs Service employee, had passed the memos on to "60 Minutes", and even provided a copy with an official stamp. Camacho was not consulted about the article, and his career was devastated in the immediate term as his own department placed suspicion on him. In the end, it turned out that Horner had forged the documents as an act of revenge for his treatment within the Customs Service. Camacho successfully sued CBS for an unknown settlement, and Don Hewitt was forced to issue an on-air retraction. [ [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/40513764.html?did=40513764&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&dids=40513764:40513764:&date=Apr+13,+1999&author=Lisa+de+Moraes&desc=Another+`60+Minutes'+Apology+on+a+Drug+Smuggling+Story abstract Another 60 Minutes' Apology on a Drug Smuggling Story"] , " The Washington Post", April 13, 1999]
A legal battle between archaeologists and the Umatilla tribe over the remains of a skeleton, nicknamed
Kennewick man, was reported on by "60 Minutes" ( October 25, 1998), to which the Umatilla tribe reacted very negatively. The tribe considered the segment heavily biased in favor of the scientists, cutting out important arguments, such as explanations of Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. [ [http://www.umatilla.nsn.us/kman3.html "Kennewick Man issue damages relationships"] , Antone Minthorn, Board of Trustees Chairman Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, November 5, 1998.] The report focused heavily on the racial politics of the controversy and also added inflammatory arguments, such as questioning the legitimacy of Native American sovereignty [Citation
last = Fabien
first = Ann
title = Bones of Contention
access-date = 2007-05-22] -- much of the racial focus of the segment was later reported to be unfounded or misinterpreted. [ [http://www.time.com/time/archive/preview/0,10987,1169905,00.html "Who Were The First Americans?"] ,
Michael D. Lemonick, Andrea Dorfman, TIME Magazine, March 13, 2006.]
In recent years the show has been accused of promoting books, films, and interviews with celebrities who are published or promoted by sister businesses in the
Viacommedia conglomerate (2000-2005), without disclosing the journalistic conflict-of-interest to viewers. [ [http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/preston_regan200404020931.asp "All in the Family: Who says 60 Minutes doesn't pay for interviews?"] , Bryan Preston and Chris Regan, " National Review", April 2, 2004.] However, due to media consolidation, this has become standard practice on many television news broadcasts.
60 Minutes II
In 1999, a second edition of "60 Minutes" was started in the U.S., called "60 Minutes II". This edition was later renamed "60 Minutes" by CBS for the fall of 2004 in an effort to sell it as a high-quality program, since some had sarcastically referred to it as "60 Minutes, Jr." CBS News president
Andrew Heywardsaid, "The Roman numeral II created some confusion on the part of the viewers and suggested a watered-down version". [Citation
last = Pamela
first = McClintoc
title = '60 Minutes' times 2
access-date = 2007-05-22] However, a widely-known controversy which came to be known as "
Rathergate," regarding a report that aired September 8, 2004, caused another name change. The show was renamed "60 Minutes Wednesday" both to differentiate itself and to avoid tarnishing the Sunday edition, as the editions were editorially independent from one another. The show reverted to its original title with Roman numerals on July 8, 2005, when the show moved to a Friday night 8pm ET timeslot to finish its run. Its last broadcast was on September 2, 2005.
Australian "60 Minutes" premiered on 11 February 1979. It airs Sunday nights on the Nine Network.
Richard Carletonsuffered a heart attack on 7 May 2006. He asked a question at a news conference for the Beaconsfield mine collapse, then walked out and suffered cardiac arrest. Paramedics tried to revive him for 20 minutes until an ambulancearrived, but was pronounced dead on arrival.
Although they have the rights to the format, as of 2007 they do not have rights to the US stories. Nevertheless, they often air them by subleasing them from
Network Ten. In 1980 "60 Minutes" won a Logie Awardfor their investigation of lethal abuses at Chelmsford psychiatric hospitalin Sydney. On 16 September 2007, the Australian "60 Minutes" did a segment on French sport Parkour, which showcased famous traceurs Rhys Jamesand Shaun Woods.
The French version of "60 Minutes" is titled "66 Minutes" and airs on M6.
In the mid-1980s, an edited version (approx. 30 minutes in length) of the U.S. broadcast edition of "60 Minutes" was shown for a time on West German television. This version retained the English-language soundtrack of the original, but also featured German subtitles. This version may have been known as "30 Minuten".
New Zealandversion of "60 Minutes" has aired on national television since 1989, when it was shown on TV3. In 1992 the rights were acquired by TVNZ, who began broadcasting it in 1993. The network aired the program for nine years before dropping it in 2002 for its own program, entitled "Sunday". "Sunday" is currently the highest rating current affairs show broadcast on New Zealand television, followed by 20/20. "60 Minutes" is now broadcast by rival network TV3.
The Portuguese version of "60 Minutes" airs on SIC Notícias and is hosted by Mário Crespo.
*A briefly-lived Mexican version appeared in the late 1970s.
Peruvian version aired in the early 1980s, called "60 Minutos". However, in the late 1980s also existed a similarly named series, but unrelated to the series produced by CBS News.
Brazil's Rede Bandeirantesplanned a licensed localized version, but the plan was canceled.
CBS Paramount Televisionis rumoured to be planning licensed localized versions for several Latin American countries.
This Hour Has Seven Days", which pre-dates "60 Minutes" by a couple of years, was similar in journalistic style and format
*"Who's Who in America 1998", "Hewitt, Don S." Marquis Who's Who: New Providence, NJ, 1998. p. 1925.
*"Who's Who in America 1998", "Wallace, Mike." Marquis Who's Who: New Providence, NJ, 1998. p. 4493.
*Madsen, Axel. "60 Minutes: The Power and the Politics of America's Most Popular TV News Show." Dodd, Mead and Company: New York City, 1984.
* [http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/S/htmlS/60minutes/60minutes.htm History and summary] from the
Museum of Broadcast Communicationswebsite
* [http://www.ajr.org/Article.asp?id=384 The End Of the Golden Age?] , a March 1999 article from "
American Journalism Review"
* [http://archives.cjr.org/year/01/6/1993.asp Tick, tick, tick] , a November/December 2001 article from "
Columbia Journalism Review", also available [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3613/is_200111/ai_n8993320 here]
* [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/07/06/utility/main706903.shtml CBS News podcast subscription page]
* [http://phobos.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewPodcast?id=81210923 60 Minutes podcast on iTunes Store]
* [http://www.nexis.com The online service, www.nexis.com is a searchable database of original CBS News Transcripts "60 Minutes" segments dating back to February 4, 1990. It contains complete transcripts of entire segments.]
* [http://tv.blinkx.com/show/60-minutes/tiF73tlJkJ4sKfjlPCa11A Full Episodes of 60 Minutes] from [http://tv.blinkx.com blinkx Remote]
* [http://sixtyminutes.ninemsn.com.au/ Australia's "60 Minutes" official website] from
*imdb title|id=0309123|title=60 Minutes (Australia)
New Zealand version
* [http://www.tv3.co.nz/listings/listing_info.cfm?display_show_info=1&show_id=2425 New Zealand's "60 Minutes" official website] from the TV3 website
*imdb title|id=0282282|title=60 Minutes (New Zealand)
* [http://www.m6.fr/cms/display.jsp?id=p2_548709 France's "66 Minutes" official website] from the M6 website.
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