Ealing Broadway station


Ealing Broadway station

Infobox London station
name = Ealing Broadway


manager = First Great Western
zone = 3
locale = Ealing
borough = London Borough of Ealing
events= Opened (GWR)
Opened (MDR)
Start (CLR)
years=1838
1879
1920
platforms = 9
railexits0405 = 6.307
railexits0506 = 5.997
railexits0607 = 3.480
tubeexits05=13.508
tubeexits07=17.528
railcode=EAL

Ealing Broadway is a National Rail and London Underground station in Ealing in west London. National Rail services are provided by First Great Western and Heathrow Connect and London Underground services are provided by the District and Central Lines.

The station is the terminus for both London Underground lines; on the District Line the next station to the east is Ealing Common and on the Central Line the next station to the east is West Acton. For National Rail services the next station to the east is either Acton Main Line or Paddington and to the west is either Southall or West Ealing depending on operator and route.

The station is located in Haven Green (B455) a the termination of The Broadway and is in Travelcard Zone 3.

History

The Great Western Railway (GWR) opened its first section through Ealing Broadway between Paddington and Taplow on 6 April 1838 although Ealing Broadway station itself did not open until 1 December 1838. As the only station in the area when it opened, the station was initially named Ealing. The name was later changed to its current form.

Metropolitan District Railway (MDR, now the District Line) services commenced on 1 July 1879 when the MDR opened a new branch from Turnham Green on its Richmond line. The MDR built its own station building and separate platforms to the north of the GWR station. Between 1 March 1883 and 30 September 1885 MDR trains also served the GWR station on a short-lived service running to Windsor.

Following the electrification of the main District route through Ealing Common to Uxbridge in 1903, the section to Ealing Broadway was electrified in 1905 and the first electric trains ran to Ealing Broadway on 1 July 1905. The original brick-built MDR station was replaced with a stone-faced building sometime between 1907 and 1916.

Prior to World War I, plans were made by the GWR to construct a new line between Ealing and Shepherd's Bush to connect to the West London Railway. The Central London Railway (CLR, now the Central Line) was to provide passenger services on this line by extending its tracks a short distance north from its terminus at Wood Lane (now closed) to meet the GWR tracks. CLR services to Ealing Broadway started on 3 August 1920 with, initially, just one intermediate stop at East Acton.

Originally separate companies, by 1920 the MDR (then known as the District Railway) and the CLR were both owned by the London Electric Railway Company (LER). Despite this, CLR services operated from the GWR station, again, with their own platforms built between the District Railway's and GWR's platforms.

The GWR built station was demolished in the 1970s and replaced by a low concrete structure containing shops and a ticket hall with a high rise office building above. The new station building serves all the lines and the separate District Line station ticket hall was closed although the building remains with the original station entrance occupied by a shop.

On June 8th 2006 a 14 year old male was killed whilst trespassing on the District line railway track at Ealing Broadway Platform 9 station.

The station today

The combined station has nine platforms; four National Rail (platforms 1 to 4), two Central Line (5 and 6) and three District Line (7 to 9). Platforms 1 and 2 are for the through trains except for when engineering works are taking place meaning that trains will stop there. Platform 3 serves trains leaving London while Platform 4 is the line into London.

District Line platforms 8 and 9 are partially covered by a short canopy and retain a number of examples of the early solid-disc Underground sign used before Edward Johnston designed the familiar roundel in 1919. The Central Line platforms are provided with a shared awning canopy, but the majority of the National Rail platforms are open to the elements although there are some waiting rooms on each platform.

ervices

The typical off-peak service frequency is:

First Great Western
* 6tph (trains per hour) to Paddington (First Great Western)
** 4tph run non-stop
** 2tph call at Acton Main Line
* 2tph to Greenford
* 2tph to Reading
* 2tph to Oxford, with some continuing to Banbury

Heathrow Connect
* 2tph to Paddington (does not call at Acton Main Line)
* 2tph to Heathrow Terminal 4 (Heathrow Connect)

London Underground
* 6tph on the District line to Tower Hill via Earls Court
* 9tph on the Central line of which:
** 6tph to Hainault via Newbury Park (Central Line)
** 3tph to Woodford via Hainault (Central Line)

Future developments

It is proposed that Crossrail line 1 will call at Ealing Broadway. If built, this will involve the reconstruction of the station entrance for which a spacious glass structure has been designed [ [http://www.crossrail.co.uk/80256B090053AF4C/Files/westernarea25/$FILE/ra.w2.1_ealingbroadwaystn.pdf Future Ealing Broadway station] ] .

External links

* [http://photos.ltmcollection.org London's Transport Museum Photographic Archive]
** ltmcollection|28/9869328.jpg|District Railway station, 1907
** ltmcollection|68/9889168.jpg|District Railway station, 1916
** ltmcollection|40/9920740.jpg|Great Western Railway & Central Line station, 1933
** ltmcollection|43/9889443.jpg|District Line ticket hall, 1955
** ltmcollection|97/9888697.jpg|British Railways & Central Line station, 1955
** ltmcollection|0j/i000010j.jpg|Out of use District Line station building, 1982
* [http://www.londonstation.com/Photographs/ealing_broadway.htm www.londonstation.com - Platforms 8 and 9 with early roundel signs visible]
* [http://www.london-underground.de/albums/EalingBroadway-Richmond-WestKensington/ealing_broadway_roundel.jpgBeary's London Underground - Early roundel]

References

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Future Development

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Disused Railways

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