- Tensor product of algebras
mathematics, the tensor productof two "R"-algebras is also an "R"-algebra in a natural way. This gives us a tensor product of algebras. The special case "R" = Z gives us a tensor product of rings, since rings may be regarded as Z-algebras.
Let "R" be a
commutative ringand let "A" and "B" be "R"-algebras. Since "A" and "B" may both be regarded as "R"-modules, we may form their tensor product:which is also an "R"-module. We can give the tensor product the structure of an algebra by defining:and then extending by linearity to all of "A"⊗"R""B". This product is easily seen to be "R"-bilinear, associative, and unital with an identity element given by 1"A"⊗1"B", where 1"A" and 1"B" are the identities of "A" and "B". If "A" and "B" are both commutative then the tensor product is as well.
The tensor product turns the category of all "R"-algebras into a
symmetric monoidal category.
There are natural homomorphisms of "A" and "B" to "A"⊗"R""B" given by::These maps make the tensor product a
coproductin the category of commutative "R"-algebras. (The tensor product is "not" the coproduct in the category of all "R"-algebras. There the coproduct is given by a more general free productof algebras).
The tensor product of algebras is of constant use in
algebraic geometry: working in the opposite categoryto that of commutative "R"-algebras, it provides pullbacks of affine schemes, otherwise known as fiber products.
tensor product of modules
tensor product of fields
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