404 BC


404 BC

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Events

By place

Greece

* The Athenian leader Cleophon continues to urge resistance against the Peloponnesians, but the situation becomes desperate and he is arrested, condemned to death and executed.
* April 25Athens, full of refugees and weakened by plague and hunger, capitulates and the Peloponnesian War ends.
* Theramenes secures terms that save the city of Athens from destruction. The Spartans allow Athens to retain its independence. However, Athens loses all its foreign possessions and what is left of its fleet and is required to become an ally of Sparta. The Long Walls around Athens are pulled down. Greek towns across the Aegean Sea in Ionia are again the subjects of the Persian Empire.
* The Spartan general, Lysander, puts in place a puppet government in Athens with the establishment of the oligarchy of the "Thirty Tyrants" under Critias and including Theramenes as a leading member. This government executes a number of citizens and deprives all but a few of their rights.
* Many of Athens' former allies are now ruled by boards of ten (decarchy), often reinforced with garrisons under a Spartan commander (Harmost).
* The Athenian general Thrasybulus is exiled by the Thirty (the oligarchy of Athens), and he retires to Thebes.
* A split develops between Theramenes and Critias who has Theramenes killed (by drinking poison) on charges of treason.
* Emerging after the Spartan victory at Aegospotami, the former Athenian leader, Alcibiades, takes refuge in Phrygia in northwestern Asia Minor with the Persian satrap, Pharnabazus, and seeks their assistance for the Athenians. The Spartans discover his plans and arrange with Pharnabazus to have him assassinated.
* Lysander sails to Samos and conquers it for Sparta.

Egypt

* Amyrtaeus of Sais successfully leads a revolt against the Persian Empire's control of the Egyptian delta. He becomes the first (and only) pharaoh of the Twenty-eighth Dynasty.

Persian Empire

* The Persian King Darius II dies of an illness in Babylon. He is succeeded by his son Artaxerxes II (Memnon — 'the Mindful').
* Darius II's younger son, Cyrus, is accused by Tissaphernes, the satrap of Caria, of plotting his brother Artaxerxes II's murder. On the intercession of Artaxerxes II and Darius's mother, Parysatis, however, Cyrus is pardoned and sent back to his satrapy.

Births

*

Deaths

* Theramenes, Athenian statesman
* Alcibiades, Athenian statesman (b. c. 450 BC)
* Cleophon, Athenian politician and demagogue
* Darius II Ochus, King of the Persian Empire


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  • 404 av. J.-C. — 404 Années : 407 406 405   404  403 402 401 Décennies : 430 420 410   400  390 380 370 Siècles : VIe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 404 — год 404 (число) Ошибка 404 Группа 404 …   Википедия

  • 404 — adj [not before noun] someone who is 404 is stupid and unable to use computers or other complicated electronic equipment used humorously. This word comes from the usual message which appears on the Internet when a particular page you are… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • 404 — [ ,fɔr ou fɔr ] adjective VERY INFORMAL if someone is 404 they are completely confused and have no idea about what to do …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • 404 — 404,   Statuscode bei HTTP Seiten, der in einem Web Browser erscheint, wenn der Internet Server die gewünschte Seite (also die entsprechende URL) nicht finden kann …   Universal-Lexikon

  • 404 — Cette page concerne l année 404 du calendrier julien. Pour l année 404, voir 404. Pour le nombre 404, voir 404 (nombre). Pour les autres significations, voir 404 (homonymie) Années : 401 402 403  404  405 406 407 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • -404 — Années : 407 406 405   404  403 402 401 Décennies : 430 420 410   400  390 380 370 Siècles : VIe siècle av. J.‑C.  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 404 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 4. Jahrhundert | 5. Jahrhundert | 6. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 370er | 380er | 390er | 400er | 410er | 420er | 430er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 400 | 401 | 402 | …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 404 a. C. — Años: 407 a. C. 406 a. C. 405 a. C. – 404 a. C. – 403 a. C. 402 a. C. 401 a. C. Décadas: Años 430 a. C. Años 420 a. C. Años 410 a. C. – Años 400 a. C. – Años 390 a. C. Años 380 a. C. Años 370 a. C. Siglos …   Wikipedia Español

  • 404 — ● nb. ►WEB Code d erreur (et, par extension, nom du document la présentant) souvent rencontrée sur le web: elle vous informe que le document que vous convoitez n existe plus ou ne se trouve plus à l URL requise. Voici les erreurs les plus… …   Dictionnaire d'informatique francophone

  • 404 — /fɔr oʊ ˈfɔ/ (say fawr oh faw) noun 1. Colloquial an error message indicating that a requested document on the internet could not be located. –verb (404ed or 404 ed, 404ing or 404 ing) –verb (t) 2. to send such an error message to (someone). – …   Australian English dictionary