A caboclo (or caboco, from Tupi "kaa'boc", 'who came from forest') is a term used in Brazil describing a person of mixed Brazilian Amerindian and European descent. In Brazil, a "caboclo" is a specific type of "mestiço".

There was a wave of "caboclos" created during the time of rubber soldiers, when young, primarily white Brazilian men were taken from North-Eastern Brazil and brought into the Amazonian interior to harvest rubber. The men were never granted permission to leave, and thus married locally.

Interestingly, the traditional "caboclo" populations in the Amazon region of Brazil are noted as voracious eaters of the "açaí" palm fruit. In one study, "açaí" palm was described as the most important plant species because the fruit makes up such a major component of diet (up to 42% of the total food intake by weight) and is economically valuable in the region (Murrieta et al., 1999).

The "Day of Caboclo" ("Dia do Caboclo"), on June 24, is an official date of the State of Amazonas.

The term "caboco" is also used as an alternate term for the Orishas of the Candomblé religion.

In anthropology, the term "caboclo" has been criticized as too vague and prejudmental for scientific use.


* Adams, C., Murrieta, R., & Neves, W. A. (2006). "Sociedades caboclas amazônicas: modernidade e invisibilidade" (1a ed.). Sâo Paulo: Annablume. ISBN 8574196444 and ISBN 9788574196442
* Murrieta, R. S. S., Dufour, D. L., & Siqueira, A. D. (1999). Food consumption and subsistence in three Caboclo populations on Marajo Island, Amazonia, Brazil. "Human Ecology, 27"(3), 455-475.
* Nugent, S. (1993). "Amazonian caboclo society: an essay on invisibility and peasant economy". Providence, RI: Berg. ISBN 0854967567

ee also

* Mixed Race Day

External links


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  • caboclo — ● caboclo nom masculin (mot brésil.) À l origine, métis d Indien et de Portugais. Au XVIIIe s., sang mêlé brésilien, par opposition aux Portugais de la métropole …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • caboclo — |ô| adj. 1.  [Brasil] Que tem cor acobreada. • s. m. 2. Nome que se dá no Brasil aos indígenas de pele acobreada, geralmente mestiço de branco e índia. • Sinônimo geral: CABOCO • Plural: caboclos |ô|.   ‣ Etimologia: tupi caá boc, tirado do mato …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • caboclo — (izg. kabòklo/kabòku) m DEFINICIJA term. mješanac između Indijanca i bjelkinje u Brazilu ETIMOLOGIJA port …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Caboclo — Statue de Múrilo Sá Toledo représentant la naissance d un Caboclo Caboclo ou caboco est, au Brésil, le nom par lequel on désigne les métis descendant d Européens blancs et d Amérindiens. Ils forment de nos jours la population la plus importante… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caboclo — Ca|bo|clo [ka boklu], der; s, s [port. caboclo <Tupi (südamerik. Indianerspr.) caboclo, urspr. = (christianisierter) Indianer Brasiliens] (Völkerk.): Nachkomme aus den Mischehen zwischen den ersten portugiesischen Siedlern u. indianischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Caboclo — Ca|bo|clo* [ka boklu] der; s, s <aus port. caboclo »Halbblutindianer, Mischling«, dies aus Tupi (einer südamerik. Indianersprache) caboclo> Nachkomme aus den Mischehen zwischen den ersten port. Siedlern u. indian. Frauen in Brasilien …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • caboclo — /keuh baw klooh, kloh, boh /; Port. /keuh baw kloo/, n., pl. caboclos / kloohz, klohz/; Port. / kloosh/. a Brazilian of Indian or mixed Indian and white ancestry. [1810 20; < Pg < Tupi caboco, caboculo, caboclo] * * * …   Universalium

  • caboclo — kəˈbȯ(ˌ)klü, ˈō noun ( s) Etymology: Portuguese, from Tupi caboco, caboculo, caboclo 1. a. : an acculturated pure blooded Brazilian Indian b. : a Brazilian of mixed Indian …   Useful english dictionary

  • Caboclo — Als Caboclos werden Mischlinge aus Indios und Europäern bezeichnet. Der Begriff geht auf einen Begriff der Tupi zurück, der kaa boc, „von Weißen herkommend“ lautet. Sie leben vor allem in den kleineren Orten am Unterlauf des Amazonas (östlich von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • caboclo — noun A person of mixed Brazilian Indian and European or African descent …   Wiktionary

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