1847


1847

Year 1847 (MDCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1847

January - June


* January 4 - Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the U.S government.
* January 13 - The Treaty of Cahuenga ends the fighting in the Mexican-American War in California.
* January 16 - John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
* January 30 - Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco.
* February 5 - A rescue effort, called the First Relief, leaves Johnson's Ranch to save the ill-fated Donner Party. These California bound emigrants became snowbound in the Sierra Nevada in the winter of 1846–1847, and some had resorted to cannibalism to survive.
* February 22 - Mexican-American War - The Battle of Buena Vista: 5,000 American troops under General Zachary Taylor use their superiority in artillery to drive off 15,000 Mexican troops under Antonio López de Santa Anna, defeating the Mexicans the next day.
* March 1
** The state of Michigan formally abolishes the death penalty.
** Faustin Soulouque declares himself Emperor of Haiti.
* March 9 - Mexican-American War: United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico near Veracruz.
* March 14 - Verdi's "Macbeth (opera)" premieres at Teatro della Pergola in Florence, Italy.
* March 29 - Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.
* April 15 - The Lawrence School, Sanawar is established.
* May 7 - In Philadelphia, the American Medical Association (AMA) is founded.
* June 1 - The first congress of the Communist League is held in London.
* June 1 - Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America is founded at New York University.
* June 27 - The first train journey in Denmark takes place from Copenhagen to Roskilde.

July - December


* July 1 - The United States issues its first postage stamps.
* July 24 - After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, resulting in the establishment of Salt Lake City.
* July 26 - Liberia gains independence.
* July 29 - The Cumberland School of Law is founded at Cumberland University in Lebanon, Tennessee. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States.
* August 12 - U.S. troops of General Winfield Scott begin to advance along the aqueduct around Chalco and Xochimilco lakes in Mexico
* August 20 - US troops defeat Mexican troops in Valencia, Mexico
* September 30 - The Vegetarian Society was formed in the United Kingdom. It remains the oldest in the world.
* October - Charlotte Brontë publishes "Jane Eyre" under the pen name of Currer Bell.
* October 12 - German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
* October 31 - Theta Delta Chi is founded at Union College.
* December 21 - Abd al-Kader surrenders and is imprisoned by the French.

Undated

* The Ottoman Empire cedes Abadan Island to the Persian Empire.
* The Architectural Association School of Architecture is founded.
* Emily Brontë publishes "Wuthering Heights" under the pen name of Ellis Bell.
* The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates the railroad town of Goldsborough, and the Wayne county seat is moved to the new town.
* Radley College, a famous English public school, is founded.

Ongoing events

* Mexican-American War (1846-1848)
* Great Irish Famine (1845-1849). This was the worst year of the famine, and is referred to as "Black 47".
* New Zealand land wars (1843-1872)

Births

January - June


* January 28 - Dorus Rijkers, Dutch naval hero (d. 1928)
* February 8 - Hugh Price Hughes, Methodist social reformer, first Superintendent of the West London Mission (d. 1902)
* February 11 - Thomas Alva Edison, American inventor (d. 1931)
* February 15 - Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer (d. 1927)
* February 16 - Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer (d. 1917)
* March 3 - Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born inventor (d. 1922)
* March 4 - Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
* March 14 - Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (d. 1871)
* March 27 - Otto Wallach, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931)
* April 10 - Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-born journalist and newspaper publisher (d. 1911)
* May 7 - Archibald Primrose, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1929)
* June 8 - Ida Saxton McKinley, U.S. First Lady (d. 1907)
* June 11 - Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist and feminist (d. 1929)

July - December


* July 9 - Wong Fei Hung, Chinese healer and revolutionary (d. 1924)
* July 25 - Paul Langerhans, German pathologist and biologist (d. 1888)
* August 14 - Robert Comtesse, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1922)
* September 5 - Jesse James, American outlaw (d. 1882)
* October 1 - Annie Besant, English women's rights activist, writer and orator (d. 1933)
* October 2 - Paul von Hindenburg, President of Germany (d. 1934)
* October 14 - Chiquinha Gonzaga, Brazilian composer (d. 1935)
* November 26 - Dagmar of Denmark, empress of Tsar Alexander III of Russia (d. 1928)
* December 7 - George Grossmith, English actor and comic writer (d. 1912)
* December 18 - Augusta Holmès, French composer (d. 1903)
* November 30 - Afonso Pena, Brazilian president (d. 1909)
* December 17 - Michel-Joseph Maunoury, French general during World War I (d. 1923)
* December 28 - Giuseppe Maria Giulietti, Italian explorer (d. 1881)
*"date unknown" - Hale Johnson, American temperance movement leader (d. 1902)

Deaths


* January - Abbasgulu Bakikhanov, Azerbaijani writer (b. 1794)
* January 19 - Charles Bent, first Governor of New Mexico Territory (assassinated)
* March 9 - Mary Anning, British paleontologist (b. 1799)
* April 30 - Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general (b. 1771)
* May 14 - Fanny Mendelssohn, German composer and pianist (b. 1805)
* May 29 - Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French marshal (b. 1766)
* July 3 - Matěj Kopecký, puppeteer (b. 1775)
* September 4 - František Vladislav Hek, Czech patriot (b. 1769)
* September 13 - Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (b. 1767)
* October 3 - Charles Hatchett, English chemist (b. 1765)
* October 22 - Negus Sahle Selassie of Shewa
* November 4 - Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (b. 1809)
* December 14 - Manuel José Arce, Central American politician (b. 1787)

External links

* [http://www.familytales.org/results.php?year=1847 Historic Letters of 1847]


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